Thomas Westerman Wolf (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 47th governor of Pennsylvania from 2015 to 2023.[1] He previously served as chairman and CEO of his business, The Wolf Organization, and later as secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue from April 2007 to November 2008.

Tom Wolf
Official portrait, 2019
47th Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
January 20, 2015 (2015-01-20) – January 17, 2023 (2023-01-17)
Preceded byTom Corbett
Succeeded byJosh Shapiro
Secretary of Revenue of Pennsylvania
In office
April 25, 2007 (2007-04-25) – November 30, 2008 (2008-11-30)
GovernorEd Rendell
Preceded byGregory Fajt
Succeeded byStephen Stetler
Personal details
Thomas Westerman Wolf

(1948-11-17) November 17, 1948 (age 75)
Mount Wolf, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
(m. 1975)

A member of the Democratic Party, Wolf won his party's nomination for governor of Pennsylvania in 2014 and defeated Republican incumbent Tom Corbett in the general election by a margin of almost 10 percentage points. He was reelected in 2018. Wolf was succeeded by Democrat Josh Shapiro in 2023.

Early life and education edit

Wolf was born and raised in Mount Wolf, Pennsylvania, the son of Cornelia Rohlman (née Westerman) (1923–2018) and William Trout Wolf (1921–2016), a business executive.[2][3][4] His hometown was named after his ancestor, who was the town's postmaster.[5]

He was raised Methodist.[6]

Wolf attended his local public school through 10th grade and graduated from The Hill School, in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, in 1967.[7] He went on to receive a B.A. in government,[8] magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College in 1972, an M.Phil. from the University of London in 1978,[9] and a Ph.D. in political science[10] from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1981.[11] While a student at Dartmouth, Wolf took a leave of absence and joined the Peace Corps, with which he spent over two years in India.[12][13][14]

After earning his Ph.D., his dissertation on the United States House of Representatives was named the best of 1981 by the American Political Science Association.[15] Wolf turned down an opportunity to interview for a tenure-track faculty position at Harvard University to begin his career at The Wolf Organization as manager of a True Value store owned by the company.[15]

He met his wife, Frances, in London, when they were both students. They married in 1975 and have two adult daughters.[16]

Business and early political career edit

Wolf in January 2014

Wolf purchased The Wolf Organization in 1985 with two partners. During the administration of Governor Robert P. Casey, Wolf served on an economic development board and on the Pennsylvania Legislative Commission on Urban Schools.[17]

After selling his company to a private equity firm in 2006, Wolf was nominated by then-governor Ed Rendell in January 2007 to be the secretary of revenue of Pennsylvania. He served in that position in Rendell's cabinet from his April 2007 confirmation by the Pennsylvania State Senate until he resigned in November 2008.[10][11][13] He had planned to run for governor of Pennsylvania in the 2010 election, but ultimately did not in order to repurchase the Wolf Organization, which was facing bankruptcy.[10][13][17] Wolf continued to serve as an executive in The Wolf Organization until his election as governor. He served as chairman and chief executive officer until stepping down from the latter position in December 2013 to focus on his gubernatorial campaign[18] and from the board altogether in December 2014 after his election.[19]

Wolf chaired the York County United Way, the York County Community Foundation, the York College board of trustees, and the York County Chamber of Commerce, WITF, the regional public television system, Better York, Historic York, the Housing Council of York, and the Administrative Board of Otterbein United Methodist Church. He has also served on the boards of the York Jewish Community Center, Memorial Hospital of York and Crispus Attucks of York.[20]

Gubernatorial campaigns edit

2014 campaign edit

On April 2, 2013, Wolf announced his candidacy for governor of Pennsylvania in the 2014 election. He pledged $10 million of his own money toward the primary election, with an intent to raise at least $5 million from supporters. He was the third person to announce candidacy, after John Hanger of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and Max Meyers, a minister from Cumberland County, but at least four others were expected to join the race.[21]

Wolf takes the oath of office as Governor on January 20, 2015.
Wolf being sworn in for a second term in 2019.

By March 2014, several polls suggested Wolf was the front-runner in the race for the Democratic nomination after an extensive television campaign.[22][23] A February 2014 Franklin & Marshall College poll showed him with a 27-point lead over his nearest competitor, Allyson Schwartz,[24] and a Harper poll showed him leading Schwartz by 26 points,[25] as did a late March 2014 Franklin & Marshall poll.[26]

In late April and early May, Wolf faced attacks from fellow candidate Rob McCord over his association with controversial former York, Pennsylvania, mayor Charlie Robertson.[27] Schwartz accused Wolf's campaign of plagiarizing his "Fresh Start" plan from an energy equipment company.[28] Despite the attacks, a Muhlenberg College/Morning Call poll suggested Wolf continued to lead with 38% to Schwartz's 13% and McCord's 11%.[29]

In the May 20 primary, Wolf defeated Schwartz, McCord, and Katie McGinty to win the Democratic nomination. He faced incumbent Republican Governor Tom Corbett in the November general election.[30] Heading into the final two months of the campaign, a number of polls indicated a varying but consistent advantage for Wolf over Corbett. Although Corbett slightly narrowed the deficit as the election approached, Wolf maintained a lead in the race.[31][32][33][34] On November 4, Wolf was elected governor with 54.9% of the vote.[35][36] His victory was notable for engaging traditionally Republican areas of the state. Insiders have attributed this phenomenon to Regional Field Director Brendan Murray and his extensive relationship network in north-central Pennsylvania.[37] Wolf is the first challenger to oust a sitting governor of Pennsylvania since the state's governors became eligible for immediate reelection in 1968.[citation needed]

2018 campaign edit

Wolf ran for reelection in 2018 and was unopposed in the Democratic primary.[38] He defeated Republican State Senator Scott Wagner in the November 8 general election with about 57% of the vote.[39] He is the first Pennsylvania governor to win election twice while losing both times in his home county (since 1968, when a new state constitution permitted governors to run for consecutive terms).[40]

Governor of Pennsylvania (2015–2023) edit

Wolf's first gubernatorial portrait

Wolf took office as Pennsylvania's 47th governor upon the expiration of Corbett's term on January 20, 2015, with the inaugural ceremony occurring in front of the Pennsylvania State Capitol in Harrisburg.[41] Upon taking office, he opted not to move into the Pennsylvania Governor's Residence but instead commute from his home in York. A spokesman for Wolf said the residence would still be used for official events and other functions.[42]

Shortly after being sworn in, Wolf signed two executive orders banning gifts to state employees and requiring a bidding process for outside legal contracts.[43] Wolf also restored a ban on hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking", in state parks[44] and placed a moratorium on the death penalty in Pennsylvania.[45] The most significant executive action in his first days in office was his move to fully expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act.[citation needed]

Governor Wolf as he signs an executive order to ban fracking in state parks on January 29, 2015, while others look on

Budget edit

Wolf proposed his first budget in March 2015, which included an increase in education spending, reductions in property taxes and the corporate tax, and a new severance tax on natural gas.[46] Six months into his tenure, in July 2015, the websites OnTheIssues and InsideGov named Wolf the most liberal incumbent governor in the nation, based on a rating of public statements and press releases among other measures; Wolf rejected this assessment, arguing that his policies were directed by practicality rather than ideology.[47][48]

On July 1, 2015, Wolf vetoed a budget the Pennsylvania General Assembly submitted to him, causing a budget dispute between the governor's office and the legislature. This marked the first time a Pennsylvania governor vetoed a budget bill in its entirety since Milton Shapp did so in 1976.[49] Wolf argued the budget was not balanced, disputing Republicans' claim that it would provide increased funding in certain areas without raising taxes.[50][51] A point of dispute in the budget process was the proposed privatization of Pennsylvania's wine and liquor sales, which Wolf opposed.[52] The state operated without a full budget for 267 days—the longest period without a full budget in Pennsylvania history—until the 2015–2016 budget became law without Wolf's signature in March 2016.[53][54]

"It's On Us PA" edit

In January 2016, at Elizabethtown College, Wolf announced the launch of the "It's On Us PA" campaign, which aims to expand awareness of sexual assault in schools and on college campuses.[55] Pennsylvania was the first state to implement a statewide campaign that called for a collaboration of schools, law enforcement, victim services organizations, and other community members to promote awareness, education, and bystander intervention of sexual violence specifically on school campuses.[56] Several schools, including Franklin and Marshall College and Butler County Community College, and Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education Chancellor Frank Brogan signed on to the initiative.[citation needed]

On November 30, 2016, Wolf announced the awarding of "It's On Us PA" grants of $1 million to 36 post-secondary schools in the state to combat sexual violence on their campuses. Programs considered for funding included but were not limited to those that enhanced awareness of available resources as well as the rights of students and, most importantly, to increase mechanisms for anonymous reporting.[57]

Opioid epidemic edit

In November 2016, Wolf signed several laws addressing the opioid crisis in the state.[58] In January 2018, Wolf declared Pennsylvania's heroin and opioid addiction crisis a statewide emergency. Pennsylvania became the eighth state to do so. Such a declaration lets Pennsylvania officials "override any current rules or regulations they perceive as hampering the state's ability to address the opioid epidemic".[59] On November 3, 2022, signed 66 new laws sent to him by the legislature addressing a range of issues, including new initiatives designed to curb the opioid epidemic along with clean energy tax credits[60] and cracking down on turnpike toll scofflaws.[61]

Cannabis edit

Wolf signed into law bills that legalized medical marijuana in Pennsylvania, reformed pensions, and expanded the number of offenses former criminal defendants could get sealed, among other legislation. In September and October 2020, Wolf held a series of press conferences making the case for legalizing recreational cannabis in Pennsylvania, arguing that the reform was particularly needed in light of the economic downturn caused by COVID-19 and the prospect of losing revenue to New Jersey, which had recently legalized cannabis.[62][63][64] Wolf first came out for legalization in 2019 after a statewide listening tour by Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman showed broad support for legalization.[65]

COVID-19 pandemic edit

Governor Wolf giving a speech in Philadelphia in June 2020

On March 6, 2020, Wolf confirmed there were two known cases of COVID-19 in Delaware County and in Wayne County.[66] As the cases grew over the next several days, Wolf ordered all public schools and parks close until further notice.[67] Later that month he ordered a closure of all non-life-sustaining businesses in the state to close physical locations in order to slow the spread of the virus.[68] On April 9, Wolf officially ordered the closing of all schools through the end of the school year, stating that they will resume all classes through means of Google Classroom and other online classroom tools.[69]

On June 23, State Representative Daryl Metcalfe and 24 co-sponsors introduced five articles of impeachment in House Resolution 915 against Wolf based on charges that the mandates he imposed amid the pandemic damaged Pennsylvania's economy and exceeded his authority by unilaterally and unlawfully.[70][71] The bill was referred to the House Judiciary Committee but moved no further.[72] On September 14, 2020, District Court Judge William S. Stickman IV ruled that the restrictions Wolf imposed during the pandemic were unconstitutional, violating the right to freedom of assembly guaranteed by the First Amendment.[73][74] State officials asked Stickman to delay his ruling by while they appealed, but he declined.[75] The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit later stayed the decision, allowing the restrictions to resume.[76]

Republican lawmakers brought two questions limiting Wolf's gubernatorial powers to a statewide vote on May 18, 2021, limiting disaster declarations from 90 to 21 days, transferring power to extend emergency orders from the governor to the state legislature and permitting a simple majority of the legislature to terminate such a declaration at any time. Both passed, with publications declaring the measures victorious with 52% of the vote on May 19, making Pennsylvania the first state to approve a curb on a governor's emergency powers since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.[77][78]

In March 2021, Wolf announced the state would start rolling out the one-dose Janssen COVID-19 vaccine in order to get students back into the classroom for in-person instruction.[79] In August, Wolf announced that students, teachers, and staff in all public and private K-12 schools and child care facilities would be required to wear masks amid a rise in cases caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant.[80]

Voting edit

In 2019, Wolf signed reforms into law that would allow no-excuse mail-in ballot voting.[81] After the 2020 presidential election, Wolf signed the certificate of ascertainment for the Biden/Harris slate of electors and sent it to the Archivist of the United States.[82][83] Wolf fought against claims the election was fraudulent and criticized politicians who supported those claims.[84] In June 2021, Wolf vetoed a bill that would have mandated voter identification in statewide elections.[85]

Foreign relations edit

Wolf has expressed his opposition to targeting countries with economic sanctions or boycotts, saying, "We ... will not encourage economic punishment in place of peaceful solutions to challenging conflicts"[86] (he later singled out Russia as an exception to this policy and immediately declared his support for sanctions and divestment from Russia after the 2022 invasion of Ukraine during his second term).[87]

Pardons edit

During his eight years as governor, Wolf issued 2,540 pardons, the most for any governor in the state's history.[88] Nearly 400 of them were individuals who had been convicted of marijuana-related offenses.[89] In January 2023, he pardoned rapper Meek Mill for his 2008 conviction on drug and gun offenses.[90][91]

Personal life edit

In 1975, Wolf married Frances Donnelly, an oil painter.[92] The couple has two children and resides in York, Pennsylvania. In 2023, he announced that him and his wife were moving to Philadelphia.[93][citation needed]

On February 24, 2016, Wolf announced that he had been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Because it was diagnosed early, he said it would not hinder his ability to work.[94] After treatment, Wolf's spokesperson announced in January 2017 that Wolf's physician had given him a "clean bill of health".[95]

Electoral history edit

2014 Democratic gubernatorial primary results[96]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Wolf 488,917 57.86
Democratic Allyson Schwartz 149,027 17.64
Democratic Rob McCord 142,311 16.84
Democratic Kathleen McGinty 64,754 7.66
Total votes 845,009 100
2014 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election[97]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Wolf 1,920,355 54.93
Republican Tom Corbett (incumbent) 1,575,511 45.07
Total votes 3,495,866 100
Democratic gain from Republican
2018 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election[98]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Tom Wolf (incumbent)
John Fetterman
2,895,652 57.77% +2.84%
Republican Scott Wagner
Jeff Bartos
2,039,882 40.70% -4.37%
Libertarian Ken Krawchuk
Kathleen Smith
49,229 0.98% N/A
Green Paul Glover
Jocolyn Bowser-Bostick
27,792 0.55% N/A
Total votes 5,012,555 100.00% N/A
Democratic hold

References edit

  1. ^ "Sen. Harris Wofford's Advisory Committee on Judicial and U.S. Attorney Nominations for the Middle District". Times Leader. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Tom Wolf Profile: Perfect Stranger". Philadelphia Magazine.
  3. ^ "Notices". York Gazette and Daily. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  4. ^ Who's who in Finance and Industry. Marquis Who's Who. 1987. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  5. ^ Fitzgerald, Thomas (May 12, 2014). "Tom Wolf seeks to bring small-town ethos to gubernatorial race". Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  6. ^ Esack, Steve (May 9, 2014). "Tom Wolf runs as gentleman politician". The Morning Call. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "Hill alumnus Tom Wolf '67 elected Pennsylvania Governor". The Hill School. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  8. ^ O'Toole, James (October 12, 2014). "As Tom Wolf seeks the Pennsylvania governor's office, political life comes full circle". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  9. ^ Lundquist, Paulette (August 4, 2020). "Tom Wolf Biographical Data". The Hill. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  10. ^ a b c O'Toole, James (March 13, 2014). "York's Wolf spending own fortune in his bid for governor". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  11. ^ a b "About Us – Thomas W. Wolf, Secretary". Pennsylvania Department of Revenue. Archived from the original on August 10, 2007.
  12. ^ "2014 Election Watch". Committee of Seventy. Archived from the original on February 25, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c Sidhu, Sonia (September 17, 2013). "Penn Dems to host Pa. gov candidate Tom Wolf". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  14. ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer (January 23, 2015). "Pennsylvania's Governor Breaks Through a G.O.P. Tide". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  15. ^ a b Klein, Julia M. "The Unlikely Governor". Dartmouth Alumni Magazine. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Meet Tom Wolf". Tom Wolf for Governor. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Tom Wolf says he won't run for governor". York Daily Record. February 4, 2009. Archived from the original on March 15, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  18. ^ Levy, Marc (March 5, 2014). "Company gives info in Democrat's race for Pa. gov". Associated Press. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  19. ^ Field, Nick (November 7, 2014). "PA-Gov Round-Up: The End". PoliticsPA. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  20. ^ "Thomas W. Wolf". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved March 14, 2014.[dead link]
  21. ^ Gibson, Keegan (April 2, 2013). "Wolf Declares for Gov, Pledges $10 Mil to Campaign". PoliticsPA. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  22. ^ O'Toole, James (March 6, 2014). "Pittsburgh-area leaders expected to back Tom Wolf". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  23. ^ Smith, Vincent J. (March 8, 2014). "PA-Gov: Pittsburgh Politicos Back Wolf". PoliticsPA. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  24. ^ "Franklin & Marshall College Poll" (PDF). Franklin & Marshall College. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 26, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  25. ^ "Pennsylvania Democratic Primary Poll". Harper Polling. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  26. ^ Durantine, Pete. "FM Poll: Wolf Holds Lead in Democratic Primary". Franklin & Marshall College. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  27. ^ Foster, Brittany (May 2, 2014). "PA-Gov: McCord Releases Chilling Negative Ad Against Wolf". PoliticsPA. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
  28. ^ Foster, Brittany (April 24, 2014). "PA-Gov: Schwartz Accuses Wolf of Plagiarizing "Fresh Start" Plan". PoliticsPA. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
  29. ^ "Poll: Wolf maintains lead in Democratic governor race". The Morning Call. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
  30. ^ Foster, Brittany (May 20, 2014). "PA-Gov: Wolf Wins Democratic Nomination". PoliticsPA. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  31. ^ "National Poll Report" (PDF). Robert Morris University Polling Institute. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  32. ^ "Franklin & Marshall College Poll" (PDF). Franklin & Marshall College. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  33. ^ "Pennsylvania Statewide Poll September 2–3, 2014". Harper Polling. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  34. ^ "Pennsylvania Governor Poll October 26–27, 2014". Harper Polling. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  35. ^ Lavender, Paige (November 4, 2014). "Pennsylvania Governor Election Results: Tom Wolf Defeats Incumbent Tom Corbett". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  36. ^ "NBC News Projects: PA's Corbett Ousted by Democrat Tom Wolf". NBC News. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  37. ^ Owens, Leigh. "Field Organizer Brendan Murray balances caring for his ailing mother while campaigning". Tom Wolf for Governor. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  38. ^ "Primary results for Pennsylvania's House, Senate, and governor races". Vox. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  39. ^ Levy, Mark (November 6, 2018). "Tom Wolf wins Pa. governor's race". Associated Press. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  40. ^ Segelbaum, Dylan (November 7, 2018). "Gov. Tom Wolf cruises to re-election but — again — loses York County". York Daily Record. USA Today. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  41. ^ Jackson, Peter (January 20, 2015). "WOLF TO TAKE AS PENNSYLVANIA GOVERNOR; STACK SWORN IN AS LT. GOVERNOR". Associated Press. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  42. ^ McKelvey, Wallace (December 9, 2014). "Governor's Residence to remain open, even as Tom Wolf plans commute to Harrisburg". Harrisburg Patriot-News. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  43. ^ McKelvey, Wallace (January 20, 2015). "Wolf's first actions include gift ban, required bidding on legal contracts". Harrisburg Patriot-News. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  44. ^ Finley, Ben (January 31, 2015). "Wolf restores fracking ban in state parkland". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
  45. ^ Slobodzian, Joseph (February 13, 2015). "Wolf halts death penalty in Pa". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  46. ^ Kanuch, Nathan (March 11, 2015). "PA-Gov: Wolf Presents Budget Legislation". PoliticsPA. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  47. ^ Field, Nick (July 31, 2015). "PA-Gov: Wolf Rated Most Liberal Governor in U.S." PoliticsPA. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  48. ^ Hardison, Lizzy (August 11, 2015). "PA-Gov: Wolf Rejects "Most Liberal" Ranking". PoliticsPA. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  49. ^ Alexandersen, Christian (June 30, 2015). "Gov. Tom Wolf vetoes Republican budget proposal. Now what?". The Harrisburg Patriot-News. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  50. ^ Field, Nick (July 1, 2015). "PA-BGT: Wolf Vetoes Budget". PoliticsPA. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  51. ^ Alexandersen, Christian (June 27, 2015). "Pa. House passes GOP-created budget proposal to the dismay of Democrats". The Harrisburg Patriot-News. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  52. ^ Langley, Karen (July 2, 2015). "Wolf vetoes GOP liquor privatization bill for Pennsylvania". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
  53. ^ Addy, Jason (January 21, 2016). "Wolf: Year One". PoliticsPA. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  54. ^ Addy, Jason (March 23, 2016). "PA-BGT: PA Gets a Budget". PoliticsPA. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  55. ^ Printz v. United States
  56. ^ Garcia, Deanna. "Pennsylvania Implements National 'It's On Us' Sexual Assault Initiative". Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  57. ^ "Wolf Administration Awards First-ever 'It's On Us PA' Grants to Combat Campus Sexual Assault |". November 30, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  58. ^ "Wolf signs measures to address Pennsylvania opioid crisis". Citizens' Voice. November 3, 2016. Retrieved August 9, 2023.
  59. ^ Couloumbis, Angela; Navratil, Liz. "Gov. Wolf to declare opioid emergency in Pennsylvania". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  60. ^ Curry, James; McGovern, Sean M.; Banse, Lee (December 31, 2022). "Pennsylvania Establishes New Tax Credits to Support Regional Hydrogen Hub Opportunities". The National Law Review. Babst, Calland, Clements and Zomnir, P.C. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  61. ^ Hall, Peter (November 4, 2022). "Wolf signs dozens of bills including clean energy tax credits, fentanyl testing and driver's ed". Pennsylvania Capital-Star. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  62. ^ Tierney, Jacob (September 3, 2020). "Gov. Wolf renews call for legal recreational marijuana". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  63. ^ Murphy, Jan (September 16, 2020). "'The time to end prohibition against cannabis has come'; advocates call for action in Pa. on marijuana legalization". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  64. ^ Bresswein, Kurt (October 13, 2020). "Wolf, in Monroe County, calls a 3rd time for legalizing adult-use recreational marijuana". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  65. ^ Murphy, Jan (September 25, 2019). "Gov. Tom Wolf calls for legalizing recreational marijuana in Pennsylvania". Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  66. ^ "2 presumed positive coronavirus cases in Pa., including Delaware County". WPVI. March 6, 2020. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
  67. ^ PA cancels public park programs in light of COVID-19 Archived March 14, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Pocono Record
  68. ^ "ALL NON-LIFE-SUSTAINING BUSINESSES IN PENNSYLVANIA TO CLOSE PHYSICAL LOCATIONS AS OF 8 PM TODAY TO SLOW SPREAD OF COVID-19". Governor Tom Wolf. March 19, 2020. Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  69. ^ "Schools ordered to remain closed until end of academic year". Times Leader. April 9, 2020. Archived from the original on September 27, 2020. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
  70. ^ "PA Lawmaker To Gov. Tom Wolf: Resign or Be Impeached". PA Patch. July 17, 2020. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  71. ^ Gibson, Bret (June 16, 2020). "Rep. Daryl Metcalfe reveals 5 articles of impeachment against Gov. Tom Wolf". Trib Live. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  72. ^ "Pennsylvania General Assembly House Resolution 915, Session of 2020". TrackBill. June 23, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  73. ^ Reed Ward, Paula (September 14, 2020). "Federal judge rules Gov. Wolf's shutdown orders were unconstitutional |". Trib Live. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  74. ^ Coleman, Justine (September 14, 2020). "Federal judge rules Pennsylvania's coronavirus orders are unconstitutional". The Hill. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  75. ^ "Judge declines to stay ruling on Pennsylvania crowd size". Associated Press. September 22, 2020. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  76. ^ Rubinkam, Michael (October 1, 2020). "Appeals court allows Pennsylvania to restrict crowd size". Associated Press. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  77. ^ Levy, Marc; Rubinkam, Michael (May 19, 2021). "Pennsylvania voters impose new limits on governor's powers". Associated Press. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  78. ^ Hughes, Sarah Anne (May 19, 2021). "Pennsylvania voters backed curtailing Gov. Tom Wolf's emergency powers in a win for Republican lawmakers". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  79. ^ "Pennsylvania teachers, school staff to get 1-dose vaccine". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. March 3, 2021. Archived from the original on March 3, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  80. ^ "Pennsylvania reverses course, mandates masks in K-12 schools and day cares". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. Associated Press. August 31, 2021. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  81. ^ "Key swing state warns of November election 'nightmare'". POLITICO. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  82. ^ Teresa Boeckel, Pennsylvania certifies election win for Joe Biden and Kamala Harris Archived November 26, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, York Daily Record (November 24, 2020).
  83. ^ Lauren Egan, Pennsylvania certifies Biden win, dimming Trump hopes of overturning election result Archived January 20, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, NBC News (November 24, 2020).
  84. ^ "Pa. governor says Republicans alleging voter fraud are doing so for political gain, adds claims have been debunked". WKBN-TV. January 6, 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2023.
  85. ^ Scolforo, Mark (June 30, 2021). "Wolf Vetoes GOP Bill With Voter ID, Other Elections Changes". WCAU. Retrieved August 9, 2023.
  86. ^ "Governor Wolf Signs Bill Prohibiting State from Contracting with Businesses that Boycott Israel". November 4, 2016.
  87. ^ "Gov. Wolf: Pennsylvania Stands with Ukraine, Will Continue Supportive Actions and Efforts to Sever Financial Ties with Russia". March 7, 2022.
  88. ^ "Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf tops state record for pardons granted". WGAL. January 16, 2023. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  89. ^ "PA governor Wolf tops state record of pardons granted". FOX29 PHILADELPHIA. January 13, 2023. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  90. ^ "GOV. TOM WOLF PARDONED MEEK MILL". The Philadelphia Inquirer. January 16, 2023. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  91. ^ "Rapper Meek Mill is pardoned by Pennsylvania Gov. Wolf". CNN. January 13, 2023. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  92. ^ Murphy, Jan (April 3, 2015). "Pa.'s first lady Frances Wolf: Facts about her life". Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  93. ^ Montag, Madison (December 14, 2023). "Former governor sells central Pa. house, will move to Philadelphia: report". Penn Live. Retrieved December 15, 2023.
  94. ^ "Tom Wolf, Pennsylvania governor, diagnosed with prostate cancer". CNN. February 24, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  95. ^ McKelvey, Wallace (January 25, 2017). "Gov. Tom Wolf wins cancer fight, gets 'clean bill of health'". Harrisburg Patriot-News. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  96. ^ "2014 General Primary – Governor". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  97. ^ "2014 General Election". Elections Information. Pennsylvania Department of State. November 4, 2014. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  98. ^ "2018 General Election Official Returns". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 3, 2019.

External links edit

Political offices
Preceded by Secretary of Revenue of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
2014, 2018
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former Governor Order of precedence of the United States
Within Pennsylvania
Succeeded byas Former Governor
Order of precedence of the United States
Outside Pennsylvania
Succeeded byas Former Governor