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George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth

George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth KG, PC, FRS (3 October 1755 – 10 November 1810), styled Viscount Lewisham until 1801, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1778 to 1784.


The Earl of Dartmouth

George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, 1778, by Batoni.jpg
President of the Board of Control
In office
1801–1802
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterHenry Addington
Preceded byThe Viscount Melville
Succeeded byViscount Castlereagh
Lord Steward
In office
1802–1804
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterHenry Addington
Preceded byThe Earl of Leicester
Succeeded byThe Earl of Aylesford
Lord Chamberlain
In office
1804–1810
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterHon. William Pitt the Younger
The Lord Grenville
The Duke of Portland
Hon. Spencer Perceval
Preceded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byVacant
Personal details
Born3 October 1755 (1755-10-03)
Died10 November 1810 (1810-11-11) (aged 55)
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Lady Frances Finch
(d. 1810)

BackgroundEdit

George Legge, known from birth as Viscount Lewisham, was born 3 October 1755. He was the eldest son of William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, and Frances Katherine, daughter of Sir Charles Gounter Nicoll. He was the elder brother of Admiral the Hon. Sir Arthur Kaye Legge and the Hon. Edward Legge, Bishop of Oxford.[1]

He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated 22 October 1771, and was created M.A. 3 July 1775, and D.C.L. 28 October 1778.[1] At some time during the 1770s he went to Florence as he appears in an important painting by Johann Zoffany which the artist titled the Tribuna of the Uffizi.[2]

Political careerEdit

Venus with a Satyr and Cupids by Annibale CarracciRaphael, Madonna della Sedia (Madonna of the Chair), c.1514Guido Reni, Charity, 1607Raphael, St John the BaptistReni, MadonnaMadonna della seggiolaCorreggio, Madonna and ChildJustus Sustermans, GalileoRaphael, Madonna of the GoldfinchFranciabigio - Madonna of the WellGuido Reni, Cleopatra, 1635–40Holy Family, then attributed to PeruginoRubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615Portrait of Leo X with two Cardinals by RaphaelTribute Money? by Carravagio?Rubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615Raphael, Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi, 1518Niccolini-Cowper Madonna by RaphaelLarge central paintingHolbein, Sir Richard Southwell, 1536Cristofano Allori, Miracle of St JulianHoly Family, attributed to Niccolò Soggiummm Raphael, Niccolini-Cowper Madonna, 1508, then in Lord Cowper’s possession, having bought it from Zoffany, now National Gallery of Art, Washington, DCTitian, Venus of Urbino, 1538Cupid and Psyche, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 1st or 2nd century BCThe ‘Arrotino’ (Knife-Grinder), a Pergamene original of 2nd or 3rd century BCDancing Faun, marble replica of a bronze of the circle of Praxiteles, 4th century BCThe Infant Hercules Strangling the SerpentsThe Wrestlers, marble copy of a bronze Permamene original, 2nd or 3rd century BCSouth Indian craterEtruscan helmetChimera - Etruscan art8 Oil lampsEgyptian ptahmose, 18th dynastyGreek bronze torsoBust of Julius CaeserRoman silver shieldHead of AntinousSouth Italian craterEtruscan jugOctagonal table with pietra dura top made for the Tribuna, designed by Jacopo Ligozzi and Bernardino Poccetti.Charles Loraine Smith (1751–1835)Richard Edgcumbe, later 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (1764–1839)George, 3rd Earl Cowper (1738–89)Sir John Dick (1720–1804), British Consul at LeghornOther Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth (1751–99)Johann ZoffanyMr Stevenson, companion to the Lord LewishamGeorge Legge, Lord Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth (1755–1810)unknown young manValentine Knightley of Fawsley (1744–96)Pietro Bastianelli, the custodian of the galleryMr GordonHon. Felton Hervey (1712–73)Thomas Patch (1725-82), PainterSir John Taylor Bt., (d. 1786)Sir Horace Mann (1706–86), British Consul in FlorenceGeorge Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilseaprob. Roger Wilbraham (1743-1829)Mr WattsMr Doughty, travelling with Charles Loraine SmithProbably Thomas Wilbraham (b. 1751), brother of RogerThe Medici Venus, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 2nd century BCJames Bruce (1730–94), African explorerUse a cursor to explore or press button for larger image & copyright 
Tribuna of the Uffizi by Johann Zoffany. Place cursor over artworks or persons to identify them.
 
Shield of arms of George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, KG, PC, FRS

Lewisham was returned to Parliament for Plymouth in 1778, a seat he held until 1780. < The latter year he was returned for both Horsham and Staffordshire 1784, but chose to represent the latter. He continued to represent this constituency until 1784. From 1783 to 1798 he served as Lord Warden of the Stannaries. He remained out of parliament for the next 17 years, but in 1801 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Dartmouth.[3] He succeeded his father in the earldom later the same year. Dartmouth served under Henry Addington as President of the Board of Control between 1801 and 1802 and as Lord Steward between 1802 and 1804. From 1804 to 1810 he was Lord Chamberlain under successively Pitt the Younger, Lord Grenville, the Duke of Portland and Spencer Perceval. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1801 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805. He was also admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society on 3 May 1781[4] and was the first President of the British Institution in 1805.

FamilyEdit

Lord Dartmouth married Lady Frances (9 February 1761 – 21 November 1838), daughter of Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford, on 24 September 1782. They had fifteen children:

  • Hon. Frances Catherine Legge (7 September 1783 – 7 March 1789)
  • William Legge, 4th Earl of Dartmouth (1784–1853)
  • Hon. George Legge (20 February 1786 – 15 October 1789)
  • Lady Louisa Legge (8 March 1787 – 13 August 1816), married William Bagot, 2nd Baron Bagot, and had issue.
  • Hon. Heneage Legge (29 February 1788 – 12 December 1844), married Mary Johnstone.
  • Lady Charlotte Legge (12 February 1789 – 15 June 1877), married in 1816 Very Rev. Hon. George Neville-Grenville (Dean of Windsor), son of Richard Griffin, 2nd Baron Braybrooke, and had issue.
  • Lady Harriet Legge (7 September 1790 – 11 March 1855), married in 1815 General Hon. Sir Edward Paget, son of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and had issue.
  • Lady Barbara Maria Legge (29 Nov 1791 – 22 April 1840), married in 1820 Francis Parker Newdigate and had issue
  • Hon. Catherine Charlotte Legge (2 Apr 1793 – 1793)
  • Lady Georgina Caroline Legge (14 May 1795 – 11 August 1885)
  • Lady Mary Legge (3 June 1796 – 8 July 1886)
  • Lady Anne Legge (14 August 1797 – 24 November 1885)
  • Hon. Charles Legge (26 January 1799 – 1 November 1821)
  • General Hon. Arthur Charles Legge (25 June 1800 – 18 May 1890), married first on 1 June 1827 Lady Anne Holroyd (d. 1829), daughter of John Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield, second on 29 August 1837 Caroline Bouwens and had issue.
  • Hon. Henry Legge (25 Sep 1803 – 13 February 1887), vicar of Lewisham, married on 12 May 1842 Maria Rogers (d. 1890), daughter of Sir Frederick Rogers, 7th Baronet.[5]

Lord Dartmouth died on 10 November 1810, aged 55, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, William. Lady Dartmouth only survived her husband by eleven days and died on 21 November 1810.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Rigg 1892.
  2. ^ A key to the people shown, oneonta.edu. Retrieved 11 June 2014
  3. ^ "LEGGE, George, Visct. Lewisham (1755-1810)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows". Archived from the original on 22 January 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2006.
  5. ^ http://www.genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00104914&tree=LEO
Attribution

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRigg, James McMullen (1892). "Legge, George (1755-1810)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

External linksEdit