Gargnano

Gargnano (Gardesano: Gargnà) is a town and comune in the province of Brescia, in Lombardy. It is situated on the western shore of Lake Garda. The municipal territory includes the artificial Valvestino Lake, created in 1962.

Gargnano

Gargnà
Comune di Gargnano
Gargnano sull Lago di Garda.jpg
Coat of arms of Gargnano
Coat of arms
Location of Gargnano
Gargnano is located in Italy
Gargnano
Gargnano
Location of Gargnano in Italy
Gargnano is located in Lombardy
Gargnano
Gargnano
Gargnano (Lombardy)
Coordinates: 45°41′20″N 10°39′50″E / 45.68889°N 10.66389°E / 45.68889; 10.66389Coordinates: 45°41′20″N 10°39′50″E / 45.68889°N 10.66389°E / 45.68889; 10.66389
CountryItaly
RegionLombardy
ProvinceBrescia (BS)
FrazioniBogliaco, Costa, Fornico, Formaga, Liano, Musaga, Muslone, Navazzo, Sasso, Villa, Villavetro, Zuino
Government
 • MayorGianfranco Scarpetta
Area
 • Total78 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation
98 m (322 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2011)[3]
 • Total3,033
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gargnanesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
25084
Dialing code0365
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

The name of the village appears for the first time in a document of 937 as Garniano, perhaps derived from the Latin stem Garenius. Passages of the Roman historian Titus Livius and inscriptions on headstones testify to the presence of Etruscans, Celts, Cenomani and Romans.[4]

From 1350 to 1426 the territory of Gargnano was a dominion of the Visconti of Milan, later a dominion of the Republic of Venice.[5]

In 1866 Gargnano was bombarded by the Austrian navy during the fighting on Lake Garda which formed part of the Third Italian War of Independence.

Notable residentsEdit

  • Giovanni Beatrice, called Zanzanù, and Eliseo Baruffaldo, brigands of the 17th century
  • Pietro Bellotto, Baroque painter
  • Lorenzo Fiorini, Domenico Pattuccelli and Tommaso Chiaromonte, volunteers in the southern army of Giuseppe Garibaldi during the military campaign of 1860
  • Alexander Bettoni Cazzago, soldier, partisan and horseman. Won the Siena Square dressage competition in 1942. As colonel of the Third Regiment of the Savoy Cavalry in 1942 he led charges in the Russian campaign that are among the last uses of cavalry in modern warfare.
  • Erika Blanc, actress
  • Cesare Lievi, theatre director, poet and dramatist
  • Benito Mussolini, during the Italian Social Republic (the Republic of Saló) lived in the Villa delle Orsoline (Villa Feltrinelli)
  • D. H. Lawrence, novelist lived in Gargnano from 18 September 1912 to 30 March 1913 with Frieda Weekley von Richthofen
  • Uto Ughi, violinist
  • Oscar Ghiglia, guitarist

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "ISTAT". demo.istat.it. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  4. ^ Gargnano, a cura della Provincia di Brescia, (DeAgostini, Novara), 2008.
  5. ^ "Gargnano". LombardiuBeniCulturali. Retrieved 2 December 2013.