Auber (French pronunciation: ​[obɛːʁ]) is a station on RER A in Paris. Opened on 23 November 1971 and inaugurated during a ceremony by singers Dalida and Adamo, it is one of the largest vaulted underground stations in the world.

Auber
RER
RER station
Auber-RER-Paris-2005-Platform-1.jpg
Platform in 2005
Location France
Coordinates48°52′23″N 2°19′44″E / 48.873°N 2.329°E / 48.873; 2.329Coordinates: 48°52′23″N 2°19′44″E / 48.873°N 2.329°E / 48.873; 2.329
Owned byRATP
Operated byRATP
Line(s)
  RER RER A
Platforms2
Tracks2
Other information
Station code8775859
Fare zone1
History
Opened23 November 1971 (1971-11-23)
Traffic
Passengers (2015)6,168,061
Services
Preceding station   RER   Following station
RER RER A
Connections to other stations
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3
Transfer at: Havre – Caumartin
toward Gallieni
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 3
Transfer at: Opéra
toward Gallieni
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7
Transfer at: Opéra
toward Balard
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 8
Transfer at: Opéra
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 9
Transfer at: Havre – Caumartin
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 12
Transfer at: Saint-Lazare
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 13
Transfer at: Saint-Lazare
TerminusParis Métro Paris Métro Line 14
Transfer at: Saint-Lazare
toward Olympiades
Preceding station   RER   Following station
TerminusRER RER E

The station comprises a main train hall with a superposed ticket hall, together with an extensive network of tunnels connecting to the neighbouring Métro stations Opéra, Havre – Caumartin and Saint-Lazare, as well as Haussmann–Saint-Lazare on RER E. It takes its name from Rue Auber, under which it is situated. This street is in turn named after the 19th-century composer Daniel Auber. A complete renovation of the station was started in 2017 and is due to be finished in 2022.

EngineeringEdit

Auber is built in the style of the traditional vaulted Métro station as pioneered by Fulgence Bienvenüe, with central tracks and lateral platforms. The difference in engineering terms is that Auber (along with Charles de Gaulle–Étoile and Nation stations) was constructed at depth, entirely underground, on a far larger scale than any Métro station.

In order to build the 225 metre long, 24 metre wide train hall and its even larger piggy-backing ticket hall, it was necessary to excavate a cavity 40 metre wide, 20 metre high and 250 metre long—this 30 metre underneath the busy city centre in unstable waterlogged sedimentary rock.[1]:33 The resulting station is cathedral-like in proportions, with a ticket hall so spacious that there is room for a mezzanine. The entire construction is waterproofed on both sides by a 7 metre thick, 10 metre high abutment of concrete which contains escalators linking the two levels.[1]:158

The station's eccentrically audacious scale and damp setting earned it references as "the world's largest submarine". With the other two deep single-vaulted stations on RER A it was retrospectively criticised on cost grounds. However, Auber is often mentioned as a good example of a planning policy attached to grand public spaces that was particularly current in the 1960s and in France.

Auber forms part of a complex of connected underground stations. The scale of Auber, in particular, makes the ensemble one of the largest underground stations in the world in terms of volume.

Particulate pollutionEdit

During busy periods, PM10 particle pollution caused by train braking regularly reaches 400 μg/m³ at Auber, eight times the EU Commission's daily average limit.[2]

GalleryEdit

Connected stationsEdit

Auber is connected to the following stations:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gérondeau, Christian (2003). La Saga du RER et le maillon manquant. Presse de l'École nationale des ponts et chaussées. ISBN 2-85978-368-7.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)