The Ganghwa massacre (Korean강화 양민학살 사건[1]; Hanja江華良民虐殺事件) was a massacre conducted by the South Korean forces, South Korean Police forces and pro-South Korean militiamen, between 6 and 9 January 1951, of 212 to 1,300 unarmed civilians in the Ganghwa county of the Incheon metropolitan city in South Korea.[1][2] The victims were collaborators with the Korean People's Army during North Korean rule. Before this massacre, 140 people were executed in Ganghwa as part of the Bodo League massacre in 1950.[3]

Ganghwa massacre
Ganghwa is located in South Korea
Ganghwa (South Korea)
LocationSouth Korea
DateJanuary 6, 1951 (1951-01-06) – January 8, 1951 (1951-01-08)
TargetKorean People's Army collaborator civilians
Attack type
Deaths212[1] – 1,300[2]
PerpetratorsSouth Korean forces, South Korean Police forces and pro-South Korean militiamen[1]

In 2003, a history book describing the massacre was published by the Ganghwa Culture Center.[4] On 26 February 2006, the National Archives of Korea admitted a 30 August 1951 official document in which then Attorney General Jo Jinman reported to then-Prime Minister Chang Myon about the massacre.[1] On 17 July 2008, the South Korean governmental Truth and Reconciliation Commission acknowledged the civilian massacre.[4]

See also



  1. ^ a b c d e 강화교동도 학살•1 '우익단체가 주민 212명 총살' 공식확인 유족 주장 사실로…. Kyeongin Ilbo (in Korean). 28 February 2006. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  2. ^ a b 강화지역 민간인 학살 희생자 고유제 및 추모제 (in Korean). Democratic Labor Party of Incheon. 20 October 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "South Korea owns up to brutal past". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Ganghwa fighters seek the truth Men who defended island during Korean War look to clear up heated controversy". JoongAng Daily. 13 March 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010.