Gamagōri (蒲郡市, Gamagōri-shi) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 80,063 in 32,800 households,[1] and a population density of 1,407 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 56.92 square kilometres (21.98 sq mi).

Gamagōri
蒲郡市
Takeshima
Takeshima
Flag of Gamagōri
Official seal of Gamagōri
Location of Gamagōri in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Gamagōri in Aichi Prefecture
Gamagōri is located in Japan
Gamagōri
Gamagōri
 
Coordinates: 34°50′35″N 137°13′10.5″E / 34.84306°N 137.219583°E / 34.84306; 137.219583Coordinates: 34°50′35″N 137°13′10.5″E / 34.84306°N 137.219583°E / 34.84306; 137.219583
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureAichi
Government
 • MayorHisaaki Suzuki
Area
 • Total56.92 km2 (21.98 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
 • Total80,063
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0533-66-1111
Address17-1 Asahi-chō, Gamagōri-shi, Aichi-ken 443-8601
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerAzalea
TreeCamphor Laurel
Gamagōri
Japanese name
Kanji蒲郡市
Hiraganaがまごおりし
Katakanaガマゴオリシ

GeographyEdit

 
Gamagōri Skyline

Gamagōri is situated on the coast of Mikawa Bay on the Pacific Ocean in southeastern Aichi Prefecture. Sheltered by Chita Peninsula and Atsumi Peninsula, the climate is mild, and parts of the city is within the borders of the Mikawa Wan Quasi-National Park.

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Gamagōri is 16.3 °C (61.3 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,631.2 mm (64.22 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.4 °C (81.3 °F), and lowest in January, at around 5.6 °C (42.1 °F).[2]

Climate data for Gamagōri (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1979−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
21.4
(70.5)
24.8
(76.6)
29.7
(85.5)
32.8
(91.0)
35.4
(95.7)
38.4
(101.1)
38.7
(101.7)
37.2
(99.0)
32.2
(90.0)
25.3
(77.5)
23.0
(73.4)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
10.9
(51.6)
14.4
(57.9)
19.5
(67.1)
23.9
(75.0)
26.6
(79.9)
30.5
(86.9)
32.3
(90.1)
28.8
(83.8)
23.4
(74.1)
17.9
(64.2)
12.4
(54.3)
20.9
(69.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
6.2
(43.2)
9.4
(48.9)
14.5
(58.1)
18.9
(66.0)
22.2
(72.0)
26.1
(79.0)
27.4
(81.3)
24.2
(75.6)
18.9
(66.0)
13.4
(56.1)
8.1
(46.6)
16.2
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
2.1
(35.8)
5.0
(41.0)
10.1
(50.2)
14.9
(58.8)
18.8
(65.8)
22.9
(73.2)
24.0
(75.2)
20.8
(69.4)
15.3
(59.5)
9.6
(49.3)
4.4
(39.9)
12.5
(54.5)
Record low °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.1
(34.0)
6.0
(42.8)
12.8
(55.0)
16.5
(61.7)
17.9
(64.2)
12.5
(54.5)
6.1
(43.0)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.8
(2.31)
67.0
(2.64)
128.1
(5.04)
139.3
(5.48)
160.9
(6.33)
193.3
(7.61)
193.6
(7.62)
124.5
(4.90)
230.7
(9.08)
187.6
(7.39)
90.0
(3.54)
57.4
(2.26)
1,631.2
(64.22)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.7 6.3 9.4 9.6 9.9 12.0 11.0 7.4 10.7 10.2 6.5 6.2 104.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181.0 175.8 201.3 204.7 212.7 152.3 181.8 223.2 168.4 169.4 168.0 179.8 2,218.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Gamagōri has been relatively steady over the past 30 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 63,923—    
1960 75,723+18.5%
1970 82,868+9.4%
1980 85,295+2.9%
1990 84,819−0.6%
2000 82,108−3.2%
2010 82,222+0.1%

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Aichi Prefecture

HistoryEdit

Ancient historyEdit

Records of place names in present-day Gamagōri have been found from the Nara period.

The area was divided into several shōen during the Heian period, largely under the control of the Udono clan.

Early modern periodEdit

During the Edo period, most of the area was tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate through hatamoto administrators, with portions controlled by Yoshida Domain and Okazaki Domain.

Late modern periodEdit

After the start of the Meiji period, Gamagōri Village in Hoi District, Aichi Prefecture was proclaimed on October 1, 1889. Gamagōri was elevated to town status on October 6, 1891.

The area of the town expanded through annexation of the neighboring villages of Toyooka, Kaminogo and Shizusato on July 4, 1906.

The town escaped damage in World War II, but the 1945 Mikawa earthquake caused considerable damage to parts of Gamagōri.

Contemporary historyEdit

The city of Gamagōri was proclaimed on April 1, 1954, when the town of Gamagōri merged with the neighboring town of Miya and village of Shiotsu.

The village of Otsuka joined Gamagōri on October 1, 1956, followed by Katahara on April 1, 1962, and Nishiura on April 1, 1963.

GovernmentEdit

 
Gamagōri City Office

Gamagōri has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 20 members. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 14 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Gamagōri is a regional commercial center and fishing port, with a mixed economy of light manufacturing and agriculture. Gamagōri is also noted for its production of hothouse oranges. Companies headquartered in the city include:

  • Nidek Co., Ltd., optics
  • Japan Tissue Engineering Co., Ltd., bio-pharmaceticals
  • Takemoto Oil & Fat Co. Ltd., edible oils
  • Gamasa Food Co. Ltd., food processing
  • Nippon Tokushu Goukin Co.,Ltd., metal fittings and components

EducationEdit

UniversityEdit

Junior collegeEdit

SchoolsEdit

  • Gamagōri has 13 public elementary schools and seven public middle schools operated by the city government and two public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. There is also one private high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwaysEdit

Conventional linesEdit

 Central Japan Railway Company
 Meitetsu

RoadsEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

Japan National RouteEdit

External relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

NationalEdit

Sister portEdit

InternationalEdit

Local attractionsEdit

As part of Mikawa Wan Quasi-National Park with numerous scenic offshore islands, Gamagōri is noted for marine sports. There are also several hot spring resorts within the city limits. The Gamagōri Matsuri, held in late July features a fireworks display, and the local festival of former Miya village held in October features an event where mikoshi are carried into the sea. The city is also home to the Lagunasia amusement park and Spa Nishiura Motor Park racetrack.

The small fishing community of Nishiura is noted for its onsen (hot spring resorts), some of which are located near its beach front. The area is famous for the medicinal properties of its water and a number of hotels have sprung up to accommodate the tourists visiting these spas.

Notable people from GamagōriEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gamagōri City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  4. ^ Gamagōri population statistics
  5. ^ "Sister Cities". Gisbourne official home page. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  6. ^ "ソフトバンク千賀、地元蒲郡市スポーツ栄誉賞を受賞 - 野球 : 日刊スポーツ".

External linksEdit