Front-facing camera

A front-facing camera is a common feature of cameras, mobile phones, smartphones, and tablets. While stand-alone cameras face forward, away from the operator, tablets, smartphones and similar mobile devices typically have a camera facing the operator to allow taking a self-portrait photograph or video while looking at the display of the device, usually showing a live preview of the image. These are called front-facing cameras and are important for videotelephony and the taking of selfies.[1][2][3][4] Often, the preview image is by default a mirror image, which is more intuitive for most people; this default can be overridden, and in any case the recorded image is not reversed.

Front-facing camera with connector of LG Optimus L7 II

HistoryEdit

Perhaps the first front-facing camera on a hand-held device was the Game Boy Camera, released in Japan in February 1998. The Game Boy Camera was an attachment for Game Boy.[5]

The first front-facing camera phone was the Kyocera Visual Phone VP-210, released in Japan in May 1999.[6] It was called a "mobile videophone" at the time,[7] and had a 110,000-pixel front-facing camera.[6] It stored up to 20 JPEG digital images, which could be sent over e-mail, or the phone could send up to two images per second over Japan's Personal Handy-phone System (PHS) wireless cellular network.[6]

Several mobile phones with front-facing cameras were released to Western markets in 2003, including the NEC e606,[8] NEC e616,[9] Sony Ericsson Z1010[10] and Motorola A835.[11] The front-facing camera was originally intended for video-conferencing.[12] The Motorola A920 was released in 2003 as well and may have been the first smartphone with a front-facing camera.[13]

In 2017, the Essential Phone introduced the notch - the removal of part of the display to accommodate the front-facing camera. The iPhone X popularized this concept in 2017. As of 2019, several smartphones incorporate front cameras that pop up from within the smartphone to allocate the area that would be otherwise utilized by notches to the screen.[14][15] Under-display cameras are under development, which would place a camera under a special display that would allow the camera to see through the display.[16][17][18][19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "front-facing camera Definition from PC Magazine Encyclopedia". pcmag.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  2. ^ "Front-Facing Camera definition (Phone Scoop)". phonescoop.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  3. ^ "Front-facing camera | Article about front-facing camera by The Free Dictionary". encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  4. ^ "Samsung Puts LCD Screens on the Front of New Cameras". www.techhive.com. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
  5. ^ "Nintendo Game Boy Camera". Nintendo Game Boy Camera. Archived from the original on May 30, 1998. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "Camera phones: A look back and forward". Computerworld. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  7. ^ "First mobile videophone introduced". CNN. May 18, 1999. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  8. ^ "NEC e606 - Full phone specifications". www.gsmarena.com. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  9. ^ "NEC e616 - Full phone specifications". www.gsmarena.com. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  10. ^ "Sony Ericsson Z1010 – World's First Phone with a Front-Facing Camera | Nerdeky.Com". nerdeky.com. Archived from the original on 2015-10-22. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  11. ^ "Motorola A835 specs". phonearena.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  12. ^ Quito, Anne (26 October 2017). "Front-facing cameras were never intended for selfies". Quartz. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Motorola A920 - Full phone specifications". www.gsmarena.com. Retrieved 2019-02-11.
  14. ^ Rayner, Tristan (April 4, 2020). "RIP pop-up selfie cameras. We hardly knew ye". Archived from the original on April 27, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  15. ^ Porter, Jon (April 10, 2019). "Samsung's Galaxy A80 is an automated notchless slider with a rotating triple camera". The Verge. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  16. ^ "Want under-display cameras? Sorry to burst your bubble, says Xiaomi". Android Central. January 30, 2020.
  17. ^ "Oppo's under-display camera means we can finally stop arguing about notches". December 11, 2019. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  18. ^ "Hands-on with Oppo's under-display camera prototype". December 11, 2019. Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  19. ^ Lovejoy, Ben (February 28, 2020). "Second proof of concept of under-display camera, but won't come to iPhone soon". 9to5Mac. Archived from the original on March 1, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020.