Frank Stewart Howes (2 April 1891 – 28 September 1974) was an English music critic. From 1943 to 1960 he was chief music critic of The Times. From his student days Howes gravitated towards criticism as his musical specialism, guided by the advice of the conductor and professor Sir Hugh Allen and the critic H C Colles.
Howes was known for his affinity with English music in the tradition of the "English Musical Renaissance"; after 1945 he found the less nationalistic, more cosmopolitan nature of post-war composers uncongenial.
Life and careerEdit
Howes was born in Oxford, and was educated at Oxford High School and St John's College, where his love of music was developed under the tutelage of Sir Hugh Allen. After the First World War, in which he was conscripted into the Non-Combatant Corps, he was admitted to the Royal College of Music, where, guided by H. C. Colles, he specialised in musical criticism.
In 1925, Colles, who was chief music critic of The Times, recruited Howes to his staff. In 1938, Howes took on the additional duties of lecturer at the Royal College, and was later an extramural lecturer at Oxford and Glasgow Universities. When Colles died in 1943, Howes was appointed his successor.
Among Howes's enthusiasms was English folk music and, from 1927 to 1945, he edited the journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society. He supported the theory that Sir Hubert Parry and Sir Charles Villiers Stanford led an "English Musical Renaissance" in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, from which composers not from a Royal College elite were excluded. His obituarist in The Times considered that of Howes's 15 books, it was the 1996 The English Musical Renaissance that meant most to him. According to his fellow-critic Martin Cooper, Howes's affinity with music in the "English Renaissance" tradition left him out of sympathy with the increasingly cosmopolitan outlook of those British composers who emerged only after the Second World War.
Among Howes's other books were studies of William Byrd, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Sir William Walton. In addition to his authorial career, he was active in behind-the-scenes musical work, as president of the Royal Musical Association (1947–58), chairman of the Musicians' Benevolent Fund (1936–55); and member of music advisory panels for the BBC, the Arts Council and the British Council.
Books by HowesEdit
- The Borderland of Music and Psychology (1926)
- Appreciation of Music (1928)
- William Byrd (1928)
- A Key to the Art of Music (1935)
- A Key to Opera (1939, with Philip Hope-Wallace)
- Full Orchestra (1942)
- Man, Mind and Music (1948)
- Music, 1945–50 (1951)
- The Music of Ralph Vaughan Williams (1954)
- Music and its Meanings (1958)
- The Cheltenham Festival (1965)
- The Music of William Walton (1965)
- The English Musical Renaissance (1966)
- Folk Music of Britain – and Beyond (1969)
- Oxford Concerts: a Jubilee Record (1969)
- Source: Grove Online.
- From Our Music Critic: an Autobiography (1972): manuscript, held by the British Library, MS Mus. 283
- "Mr Frank Howes", The Times, 30 September 1974, p. 17
- "Frank Stewart Howes", Lives of the First World War, Imperial War Museum, retrieved 15 January 2016
- Eatock, Colin (2010). "The Crystal Palace Concerts: Canon Formation and the English Musical Renaissance". 19th-Century Music, 34 (1), pp. 87–105; and Onderdonk, Julian. "The English Musical Renaissance, 1860–1940: Construction and Deconstruction," Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association, September 1995, pp. 63–66
- Cooper, Martin. "Howes, Frank", Grove Music Online, Oxford University Press, retrieved 31 August 2014 (subscription required)