François Denys Légitime

François Denys Légitime (November 20, 1841 – July 29, 1935) was a Haitian general who served as President of Haiti from 1888 to 1889.

François Denys Légitime
François Denys Légitime.jpg
Member of the State Council representing Sud
In office
June 22, 1918 – June 5, 1919
14th President of Haiti
In office
December 16, 1888 – August 22, 1889
Preceded byPierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
Succeeded byMonpoint Jeune
Chief of the Executif Branch of Haiti
In office
October 16, 1888 – December 16, 1888
Preceded byPierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
Succeeded byHimself
Member of the Provisional Government of Haiti
In office
September 1, 1888 – October 16, 1888
PresidentPierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship
In office
September 1, 1888 – December 16, 1888
PresidentPierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
Preceded byBrutus Saint-Victor
Succeeded byEugène Margron (Foreign Affairs)
Massillon Lauture (Worship)
Minister of Agriculture, Interior, Education, Worship and Justice
In office
August 26, 1881 – December 31, 1881
PresidentLysius Salomon
Preceded byHimself (Agriculture and Interior)
Charles Archin (Education, Worship and Justice)
Succeeded byFrançois Manigat (Agriculture and Education)
Edouard Pickombe (Interior)
Thomas Madiou (Justice and Worship)
Minister of Agriculture, Finance, Commerce and Interior
In office
January 9, 1881 – August 26, 1881
PresidentLysius Salomon
Preceded byHimself (Agriculture, Finance and Commerce)
Evarise Laroche (Interior)
Succeeded byHimself (Agriculture and Interior)
Brutus Saint-Victor (Finance and Commerce)
Minister of Agriculture, Finance and Commerce
In office
December 9, 1880 – January 9, 1881
PresidentLysius Salomon
Preceded byEvariste Laroche
Succeeded byHimself
Personal details
Born(1841-11-20)November 20, 1841
Jérémie, Haiti
DiedJuly 29, 1935(1935-07-29) (aged 93)
Port-au-Prince
NationalityHaitian
Political partyLiberal Party
Spouse(s)Rose Marie Isaure Marion
OccupationMilitary general

BiographyEdit

Légitime was born in Jérémie, Haiti, on 20 November 1841[1] to Denys Légitime and Tinette Lespérance.[2] Lespérance was a descendant of Modeste Testas, a formerly enslaved Ethiopian woman.[3] Légitime married Rose-Marie Isaure Marion and had nine children: Cuvier, Edmond, Angèle, Antoinette, Denis Jr., Léon, Clemence, Marie, and Agnès.[2]

He served as adjutant general during the government of Fabre Geffrard, and as aide-de-camp during the government of Sylvain Salnave.[2] He was Secretary of State of the Interior and then Secretary of State of the Interior and of Agriculture during the government of Lysius Salomon.[2] During this administration, Légitime was accused of aspiring to the presidency, and accordingly went to Kingston, Jamaica, remaining three years.[4] He then returned to Haiti at the invitation of his followers, and on October 7, 1888, was elected president of the provisional government.[4] General Seide Thelemaque denounced the election as fraudulent and attempted to make himself President, but he was killed in the battle which ensued.[4] Légitime was elected President of Haiti on December 16, 1888, but resigned in 1889, owing to the opposition of General Florvil Hyppolite, and again retired to Jamaica.[4] In 1896 President Tiresias Simon Sam granted a general amnesty, and Légitime returned to Haiti.[4] He died on July 29, 1935[5] in Port-au-Prince.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arthur Rouzier. Les belles figures de l'intelligentsia jérémienne. Publisher unknown (1986), p. 55. OCLC 15656428.
  2. ^ a b c d "Légitime François Denis". Haiti-reference.com.[unreliable source?] Accessed April 20, 2010.
  3. ^ "Haiti - Memory : Bordeaux inaugurates the statue of a slave of the Haitian sculptor, C. Woodly - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7". www.haitilibre.com. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  4. ^ a b c d e The Encyclopedia Americana: A Library of Universal Knowledge. Encyclopedia Americana Corp. (1919), vol. 17, pp. 255-6.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ Justin Chrysostome Dorsainvil. Manuel d'histoire d'Haïti. University of Texas (1958), p. 351. OCLC 1571092.

Further readingEdit

  • Dumas, Pierre-Raymond. François Denys Légitime: un réformiste résolu (1841–1935), le général, président, auteur. Port-au-Prince: Imprimeur II (2007). ISBN 978-99935-724-5-9.
  • Histoire du gouvernement du général Légitime, président de la République d'Haiti. Paris : E. Leroux [Angers, A. Burdin et cie.] (1890). OCLC 7076062.
  • Les États-Unis et le gouvernement du Gén. F.D. Légitime. New York: N. Thompson & acie (1889?). OCLC 26039179.
  • Roche-Grellier. Quatre mois de ministère sous le gouvernement du général Légitime. Paris: A. Davy (1890). OCLC 504411974, 24917925, 458083786.
  • Trouillot, Hénock. Démesvar Délorme: suivi de la pensée de François Dénis Légitime. Port-au-Prince: Ateliers Fardin (197-?). OCLC 17059297, 84303910.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by President of Haïti
1888-1889
Succeeded by