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Fossano (Piedmontese: Fossan) is a town and comune of Piedmont, northern Italy. It is the fourth largest town of the Province of Cuneo, after Cuneo, Alba and Bra.

Fossano

Fossan
Città di Fossano
Fossano Castle.
Fossano Castle.
Coat of arms of Fossano
Coat of arms
Location of Fossano
Fossano is located in Italy
Fossano
Fossano
Location of Fossano in Italy
Fossano is located in Piedmont
Fossano
Fossano
Fossano (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 44°33′N 07°44′E / 44.550°N 7.733°E / 44.550; 7.733
CountryItaly
RegionPiedmont
ProvinceCuneo (CN)
FrazioniBoschetti, Cussanio, Gerbo, Loreto, Maddalene, Mellea, Murazzo, Piovani, San Lorenzo, San Martino, San Sebastiano, Santa Lucia, Sant'Antonio Baligio, San Vittore, Tagliata
Government
 • MayorDavide Sordella (PD)
Area
 • Total130.15 km2 (50.25 sq mi)
Elevation
375 m (1,230 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total24,372
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Fossanese(i)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12045
Dialing code0172
Patron saintJuvenal of Narni
Saint dayFirst Sunday of May
WebsiteOfficial website

It lies on the main railway line from Turin to Cuneo and to Savona, and has a branch line to Mondovì.

Chief industries of the town include confectionery (with Italian industries Balocco and Maina), chemicals, metallurgy, and textiles.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Fossano appeared as a commune in 1236, founded by a Guelph league of cities, but in 1251 had to yield to Asti. In 1304 it was acquired by the Marquisate of Saluzzo. It finally surrendered in 1314 to Filippo d'Acaia, whose successor handed it over to the house of Savoy.

EtymologyEdit

The name Fossano could be the transformation of the name "locus" or "fundus faucianus", from the Roman first name Faucius, or derive from the word "fossato" (ditch), in Piedmontese "fossà", from which "fossan" (inhabitant of the ditch).The sinkings are in fact characteristic of the hill on which the first city village rose. The historians agree speaking about “great ditch of the Chiotto”in dialect Ciot, hole, pit... Another alternative hypothesis is that the name comes from the latin “fons sana" (healthy spring), to indicate the presence in the proximitiy of a drinkable water spring.

Main sightsEdit

Old townEdit

The old section of Fossano lies in the high part of the town. It is divided in two borghi (ancient quarters): Borgo Piazza (Square's Quarter), developed in the 15th through 18th centuries, and Borgo Vecchio (Old Quarter), dating from the Middle Ages. Rich in mediaeval, Renaissance and Baroque buildings, it is characterized by the ancient portici (arcades), built on both sides of via Roma (the main street of the old town) but also along other streets, such as via Cavour, via Garibaldi, via Barotti, via Muratori. On the Eastern side, the old town is delimited by viale Mellano, a pedestrian promenade with views of Langhe; while on the Western side, along via Martiri dell'Indipendenza, viale Sacerdote and viale Bianco, there is a view of South-western Alps, whose apex is Monviso. Some sections of the ancient town walls are still extant.

Castle of the Princes of AcajaEdit

The castle with four high towers, begun by Filippo d'Acaia in 1314 and finished in 1332. It has a square plan with four powerful towers at each side, connected by passages with merlons. One century later Amadeus VIII of Savoy turned it into a ducal residence; the beautiful inner courtyard, designed by Gaspare Solari, is from the late 15th century. After serving as jail and barracks, the castle is now the seat of cultural events and houses a regional library.

Other sightsEdit

The cathedral was reconstructed at the end of the 18th century in Neoclassical style, replacing the former 13th century church.

The town's hospital and the Trinity Church were designed by Francesco Gallo in the 18th century. The Palazzo del Comandante is a Baroque building constructed in the 17th century. There are also Mineral Baths and a center for agriculture and cattle-breeding.

PeopleEdit

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ Family Secrets : Today, They Produce 25% Of The Wine Sold In This Country. But The Gallos' Climb To The Top Was Anything But Smooth. Their History Includes Allegations Of Bootlegging, Family Violence And A Bitter Fight Over Assets

External linksEdit