Fort Sainte Anne (Nova Scotia)

Fort Ste. Anne is a former French military fort located at present-day Englishtown, Nova Scotia, on the Island of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada.

The fort was built by Captain Charles Daniel (1629) after he raided Baleine.[1] The fort was occupied from 1639 to 1641. Two other military forts were eventually built adjacent to the fort: Simon Denys Fort (1650-1659) and Fort Dauphin (1713-1758).

Fort DauphinEdit

Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville - established Fort Dauphin - buried at Fort, 1722

After Queen Anne's War, French officer Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville and others established Fort Dauphin in 1713 as the capital of Ile Royale, prior to the establishment of Louisbourg.[2] (Hertel led the Raid on Deerfield[3] and military operations against the English in Newfoundland.) He played a role in the early settlement of both present-day Englishtown (1719-1722) and St. Peter's (1713-1718). He died at Fort Dauphin.[4]

Philippe de Pastour de Costebelle - died at Fort Dauphin, 1717

As commodore of the fleet, Edward Tyng led 13 armed vessels and about 90 transports in the successful Siege of Louisbourg (1745). He participated in the Capture of the Vigilant and the destruction of Port Dauphin (Englishtown) in June 1745, burning 40 houses and an equal number of vessels.[5]

Fort Saint Anne is a National Historic Site.[6][7]

Fort Dauphin, 1755


  1. ^ Griffiths, N.E.S. (2005). From Migrant to Acadian: A North American Border People, 1604-1755. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-7735-2699-0.
  2. ^ "Historical Biographies, Nova Scotia: Hertel, Sieur Jean-Baptiste, de Rouville (1668-1722)".
  3. ^ Haefeli and Sweeney, p. 99
  4. ^ "Historical Biographies, Nova Scotia: Hertel, Sieur Jean-Baptiste, de Rouville (1668-1722)".
  5. ^ p. 36
  6. ^ "Sainte-Anne / Port Dauphin National Historic Site of Canada". Parks Canada - Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
  7. ^ See full map

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 46°17′14″N 60°32′25″W / 46.28722°N 60.54028°W / 46.28722; -60.54028