Forsyth Barr Stadium
The Forsyth Barr Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Dunedin, New Zealand. At various stages of development it was also known as Dunedin Stadium or Awatea Street Stadium, or its non-commercial official name during the 2011 Rugby World Cup and 2015 FIFA U-20 World Cup, Otago Stadium. It is also known colloquially as 'the glasshouse' due to its resemblance to a horticultural hothouse. The stadium was opened by New Zealand Prime Minister John Key on 5 August 2011, replacing Carisbrook as the home stadium of the Highlanders team in Super Rugby and the Otago Rugby Football Union team in the domestic ITM Cup. The stadium hosted four matches of the 2011 Rugby World Cup, and has hosted major music tours, starting in November 2011 with Elton John.
View of the stadium from the south-east
|Former names||New Carisbrook, Dunedin Stadium, Awatea Street Stadium, Otago Stadium|
|Location||Anzac Avenue, Logan Park, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand|
|Owner||Dunedin City Council|
|Operator||Dunedin Venues Management Ltd|
|Broke ground||May 2009|
|Opened||5 August 2011|
|Construction cost||NZ$ 198.3 million|
Southern United FC (2011–)
The stadium is located in Dunedin North, close to the outflow of the Water of Leith into Otago Harbour (and directly over the outflow of Opoho Stream). Its site is close to several other major sports venues. Logan Park lies immediately to the north, and the University Oval and the Caledonian Ground are also nearby to the north of the stadium. Also to the north of the stadium is Logan Point quarry, at the foot of Signal Hill.
The stadium's construction required the shifting of New Zealand State Highway 88, the main road between the CBD to the West Harbour Suburbs and the port facilities, which prior to stadium construction followed Anzac Avenue as part of its route, turning northeast at Logan Park before following the harbour's edge past Ravensbourne. The highway was diverted onto a new stretch of road alongside the railway line, 200 metres east of Anzac Avenue. Several roads located close to the mouth of the Leith were either covered over by the new construction (Leander Street and Awatea Street) or had their routes considerably altered (Magnet Street and Parry Street). A new street, Neptune Street, was built to link remaining stretches of Magnet and Parry Streets, and connects with SH88 at a newly built roundabout immediately to the east of the stadium.
The stadium was designed by Populous and Jasmax in a joint venture, and is the world's first fully enclosed grassed (though strengthened by synthetic grass fibres from Desso GrassMaster) stadium since the original grass field of the Astrodome in Houston was replaced in 1966 with what would be known as AstroTurf. The stadium roof was constructed with a clear ETFE roof supplied and installed by the firm Vector Foiltec, the same material as used at Allianz Arena in Munich and the Water Cube in Beijing.
The stadium was designed as a versatile venue, and is expected to be able to host a range of events including sports (rugby union, rugby league, football, basketball, netball), concerts, trade fairs and other large-scale events. The use of relocatable seating allows for flexibility to suit a range of event requirements. Due to size constraints, some sports (such as cricket, a popular sport in New Zealand) are unable to use the stadium.
It has a maximum seated capacity of 30,748 in a full sports mode, and capacity in excess of 36,000 for concerts. There are permanent stands in the South and North with removable seating in East and West Stand areas. The West Stand Area, officially called the Mitre 10 Mega Stand, is also known as the Zoo and is popular with the student population.
Internal roof height at centre line: 37 metres
Highest observed rugby kick 29.4m
External roof height 47 metres (equivalent to a 12-storey building)
Football goal posts: 16 metres
The roof is covered with 20,500m2 of ETFE (ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) transparent roofing material (also used in the Eden Project, England and the Beijing Cube, China). This roof should have been angled to face north to optimise sun in Southern Hemisphere winter, however it was constructed facing a north-east direction. Rainwater is collected from the 20,500m2 roof surface and recycled to irrigate the pitch.
The roof, supported by 5 steel trusses each spanning 105 metres, is capable of supporting the weight of a car. The main truss (South Stand) is 130 metres long and weighs 390 tonnes. It can be retracted as needed.
Real grass is strengthened by synthetic grass fibres injected deep into the soil. This increases the hard-wearing capability, allowing 3 times the use of natural grass field. The turf is serviced by 2.5 km of drainage, 15 km of irrigation and 40 automated sprinkler heads. It consists of three different types of seed, 3200m3 of sand, soil and compost in three different layers.
Due to the perceived high cost of maintaining the turf, proposals have been made to replace the grass/artificial turf with a 100% artificial turf, which would limit the attractiveness of the venue for high earning events like rugby test matches (for which the stadium was initially proposed to replace Carisbrook).
This section does not cite any sources. (October 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Hawkins Construction began work on the site during May 2009. It was completed in August 2011.
During construction, 609 piles were driven to support stadium structure, and 1840m3 concrete poured in North and South stand seating areas. Construction work produced 22,000m3 of excavated fill – much from buildings demolished to make way for the stadium. Over 3,200 tonnes of structural steel and 2,000 tonnes of reinforced steel were used.
The stadium contains 318 toilets and 260 metres of urinals. It houses 12 food and beverage stalls. The grounds are lighted by 220 two-kilowatt sports lights.
At least 600 people were employed in new jobs created by the stadium's construction and fit out. Changes to State Highway 88 proposed prior to the stadium proposal were amended to accommodate the proposed new structure. Construction of the revamped highway was completed in mid-2011.
The Forsyth Barr Stadium project was met with significant opposition within Dunedin, with objections focusing largely on the expected cost of a stadium that may find limited use. After prolonged deliberation, the Dunedin City Council on 17 March 2008 voted 12–2 in favour of proceeding with the project.
A telephone survey of 2,200 residents run by the Dunedin City Council in early 2007 showed 51.9% thought the council should pay for the project, and larger mail-out surveys by the city and Otago Regional council showed around 40%. A November 2008 survey organised by Stop the Stadium showed 73.3% of respondents did not support public funding.
Two legal proceedings were taken separately against the Dunedin City Council and Otago Regional Council, attempting to stop funding the stadium with public money. The Otago Regional Council won the case against it in the Dunedin High Court, and the Dunedin City Council won both the High Court proceedings, and subsequent Court of Appeal hearing.
Within a year of opening, stadium critics claimed evidence was published that supported the objections to the stadium being built; sources include the Dunedin City Council, some of its councillors, and associated sporting bodies.
Originally the total cost of the stadium including land purchases was projected to be NZ $198.3 million. The following contributors make up the original total funding of the project:
- Otago Regional Council $37.5 million
- Community Trust of Otago $7.0 million
- University of Otago $10.0 million
- Government $15.0 million
- Dunedin City Council $98.5 million
The non-forensic audit of total cost to construct found the original budget was exceeded, and that Papers for Council were unnecessarily complicated - final disclosed stadium costs were $206.4m plus $18m interest for a total cost of $224.4m
The Carisbrook Stadium Trust began purchasing the required land on 31 July 2008, with remaining settlements on 31 October 2008. The final cost of the land was $32.5 million, significantly above the original budget of $20 million, but the trust expected to make some money back from the sale of surplus land and materials from the demolition.
Forsyth Barr Stadium replaced Carisbrook as the home stadium of the Highlanders team in Super Rugby in late 2011, with the stadium in use from the beginning of the 2012 Super Rugby season. The first Super Rugby match played at the stadium, on 3 March 2012, resulted in a narrow win for the Highlanders over local derby rivals the Crusaders. The stadium also became the new home of the Otago Rugby Football Union team in the domestic ITM Cup.
The stadium hosted four matches of the 2011 Rugby World Cup, three of them featuring England, with the first being played on 10 September 2011 against Argentina[circular reference]. For sponsorship reasons, the ground was known as Otago Stadium during the World Cup.
The All Blacks played their inaugural test at Forsyth Barr Stadium against the South African Springboks on 15 September 2012. The All Blacks won 21–11. www.allblacks.com/Fixtures/2012
The stadium's inaugural game was a pre-season football match between the Wellington Phoenix and Brisbane Roar on 20 August 2011, with an attendance of over 15,000 (half of capacity). This was followed on 14 December 2011 as the Phoenix hosted the same opposition in an A-League regional round fixture, with an attendance of only 4,628. The stadium has also hosted the local ASB Premiership football team Otago United for some of their home matches in the 2011–12 season.
Forsyth Barr Stadium served as one of the venues for the 2015 FIFA U-20 World Cup, hosting six Group Stage matches and one match in the Round of 16.
The stadium hosted a pre-season rugby league match between National Rugby League sides the New Zealand Warriors and Brisbane Broncos on 23 February 2013. The game attracted 15,000 spectators, with the Warriors prevailing 16-10. The quality of the stadium was an important factor in attracting the game to the city. The match was the first time the Warriors had played in Dunedin.
In round 3 of the 2017 NRL season on 17 March, the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs defeated the New Zealand Warriors 24-12 in front of 10,238 spectators in the first NRL game in Dunedin for premiership points.
The stadium has hosted one New Zealand rugby league international, against England in week 3 of the 2014 Four Nations on 8 November 2014. New Zealand beat England 16–14 in front of 15,863 spectators.
The stadium has hosted musical performances by international artists starting with Elton John in November 2011. Other notable acts to have performed at the stadium include Macklemore (2013), Aerosmith (2013), Paul Simon (2013), Tinie Tempah (2014), Rod Stewart (2015), Neil Diamond (2015), Fleetwood Mac (2015), Black Sabbath (2016), Stevie Nicks (2017), Roger Waters (2018), Robbie Williams (2018), and Ed Sheeran (2018). It also hosted Kendrick Lamar, Shania Twain, and P!nk during 2018. Fleetwood Mac and Elton John are both due to play the venue for a second time during 2019–20. Queen + Adam Lambert will perform at the stadium on 10 February 2020 as part of The Rhapsody Tour.
Ed Sheeran's three concerts during his 2018 tour set a new record for concerts in Dunedin, pulling in an audience between them of 108,000 people, with almost 70,000 of those attending coming from outside the city.
University of OtagoEdit
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2018)
The Forsyth Barr Stadium was partly funded by the University of Otago, and several university facilities are part of the complex, including a gymnasium complex, academic work and lecture spaces, and support facilities. The stadium is connected to the university, of which the main campus is 1000 metres to the northwest, by a series of landscaped areas, and a dedicated university building, University Plaza Building One, lies adjacent to the stadium.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2018)
The stadium's facilities are available to hire for public and private events. The stadium hosts a regular craft and produce market on Sunday mornings.
- "FORSYTH BARR STADIUM". www.espnscrum.com. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- Price, Mark (30 January 2009). "Dunedin company Forsyth Barr puts name to stadium". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- Craymer, Lucy (30 January 2009). "Forsyth Barr ignores recession to buy Otago stadium naming rights". National Business Review. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "Stadium nears completion". Otago Daily Times. 11 June 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Dunedin's 'Zoo' proving popular with students," Newshub. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- Morris, Chris (23 August 2012). "Stadium may get new turf". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- Morris, Chris (31 January 2009). "1300 march against stadium". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 2 February 2009.
- "Dunedin council to help fund stadium". TVNZ. 17 March 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
- Loughrey, David (25 November 2008). "Survey shows big swing against stadium". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- Loughrey, David (14 May 2009). "Council will carry on with stadium". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Loughrey, David (12 June 2009). "Bid fails to block stadium grant". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Loughrey, David (6 February 2010). "Councillors, courts and construction". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Report on Forsyth Barr Stadium Costs for Dunedin City Council". Dunedin City Council. May 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- "Down-time alone means stadium turf must go". Otago Daily Times. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Cost and Funding of the Stadium". Dunedin City Council. 5 October 2009. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
- "Review of Forsyth Barr Stadium Costs" (PDF). Dunedin City Council. May 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
- Loughrey, David (29 August 2008). "Council starts buying stadium land". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
- 2011 Rugby World Cup
- Rigters Stars As Roar Romp, au.fourfourtwo.com, 20 August 2011. Retrieved on 13 November 2011.
- FFA Take A-League Into The Regions Archived 2 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine, au.fourfourtwo.com, 29 September 2011. Retrieved on 13 November 2011.
- "Wellington Phoenix vs Brisbane Roar Lineups and Statistics". goal.com. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- Meikle, Hayden (23 February 2013). "NRL: Warriors overcome Broncos". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- "Play: Test cricket in Dunedin". Otago Daily Times. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- McMurran, Alistair (12 February 2013). "League: Excitement lifting over Warriors match". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- 2014 Rugby League Four Nations
- Forsyth Barr Stadium results @ Rugby League Project
- "Aerosmith announce one-off Dunedin gig". 3 News NZ. 23 April 2013.
- Brown, T., "Perfect: Ed Sheeran concerts bring $34m to Dunedin economy," Radio New Zealand, 26 May 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- Morris, C., "Triple concerts set new standard," Otago Daily Times, 2 April 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2019.