The Foam Stakes was an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually from 1880 through 1910 at Sheepshead Bay Race Track in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York. An event for two-year-old horses of either sex, the race was run on dirt over a distance of five furlongs with the exception of 1896 when it was for three-year-old fillies at one mile (8 furlongs).[1][2] The inaugural running took place on June 19, 1880 and was won by Spinaway for whom the prestigious Grade 1 Spinaway Stakes at Saratoga Race Course was named.[3][4] The final running took place on June 21, 1910 and was won by Royal Meteor for the Newcastle Stable racing partnership headed by Life magazine publisher Andrew Miller. The Foam was the only stakes race on the card.[5]

Foam Stakes
Discontinued stakes race
LocationSheepshead Bay Race Track
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Inaugurated1880–1910
Race typeThoroughbredFlat racing
Race information
Distance5 furlongs (0.63 mi)
SurfaceDirt
Trackleft-handed
QualificationTwo-year-olds

The end of a race and of a racetrackEdit

On June 11, 1908, the Republican controlled New York Legislature under Governor Charles Evans Hughes passed the Hart–Agnew anti-betting legislation.[6] The owners of Sheepshead Bay Race Track, and other racing facilities in New York State, struggled to stay in business without income from betting.[7] Racetrack operators had no choice but to drastically reduce the purse money being paid out which resulted in the Foam Stakes offering a purse in 1909 that was less than one-eight of what it had been in earlier years. These small purses made horse racing unprofitable and impossible for even the most successful horse owners to continue in business. As such, for the 1910 racing season management of the Sheepshead Bay facility dropped some of its minor stakes races and used the purse money to bolster more important events.[8]

In spite of strong opposition by prominent owners such as August Belmont, Jr. and Harry Payne Whitney, reform legislators were not happy when they learned that betting was still going on at racetracks between individuals and they had further restrictive legislation passed by the New York Legislature in 1910.[9] Recorded as the Executive Liability Act, the legislation made it possible for racetrack owners and members of its board of directors to be fined and imprisoned if anyone was found betting, even privately, anywhere on their premises. After a 1911 amendment to the law to limit the liability of owners and directors was defeated,[10] every racetrack in New York State shut down. As a result, the Foam Stakes was not run in 1911 and 1912.

Owners, whose horses of racing age had nowhere to go, began sending them, their trainers and their jockeys to race in England and France. Many horses ended their racing careers there and a number remained to become an important part of the European horse breeding industry. Thoroughbred Times reported that more than 1,500 American horses were sent overseas between 1908 and 1913 and of them at least 24 were either past, present, or future Champions.[11] When a February 21, 1913 ruling by the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division Court saw horse racing return in 1913 it was too late for the Sheepshead Bay horse racing facility and it never reopened.[12][13]

RecordsEdit

Speed record:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

WinnersEdit

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist.
(Miles)
Time
Win$
1910 Royal Meteor 2 Guy Garner Thomas Welsh Newcastle Stable 5 F 1:00.60 $2,330
1909 Kingship 2 Vincent Powers Matthew Feakes Lily A. Livingston 5 F 1:01.40 $380
1908 Mediant 2 Dalton McCarthy John Huggins Herman B. Duryea 5 F 1:00.40 $4,100
1907 Cohort 2 R. Lowe William H. Karrick Oneck Stable 5 F 1:00.60 $5,320
1906 Oran 2 Walter Miller Thomas Welsh Ormondale Stable (William O'Brien Macdonough) 5 F 1:00.60 $4,775
1905 Jacobite 2 Willie Davis A. Jack Joyner Sydney Paget 5 F 1:00.20 $3,890
1904 Flyback 2 Gene Hildebrand John E. Madden John E. Madden 5 F 0:59.40 $4,330
1903 Inflexible 2 Arthur Redfern John W. Rogers William Collins Whitney 5 F 1:01.60 $5,895
1902 Sir Voorhies 2 Otto Wonderly Charles Littlefield Jr. James B. A. Haggin 5 F 1:00.80 $4,055
1901 Francesco 2 Willie Shaw Thomas Welsh Julius Fleischmann 5 F 1:00.20 $3,280
1900 Dublin 2 Patrick A. McCue Sam Hildreth Sam Hildreth 5 F 1:01.00 $3,445
1899 Mesmerist 2 Winfield O'Connor Julius J. Bauer Bromley & Co. (Joseph E. Bromley & Arthur Featherstone) 5 F 1:02.00 $3,560
1898 Ahom 2 Tod Sloan William C. Smith George E. Smith 5 F 1:01.60 $3,085
1897 Kitefoot 2 John J. McCafferty John J. McCafferty John J. McCafferty 5 F 1:01.40 $2,900
1896 Intermission 3 Tod Sloan Henry Harris John E. McDonald 8 F 1:43.40 $1,400
1895 Handspring 2 Samuel Doggett Frank McCabe Philip J. Dwyer 5 F 1:02.00 $4,475
1894 The Coon 2 Samuel Doggett Walter C. Rollins Oneck Stable 5 F 1:01.40 $4,000
1893 Dobbins 2 John Lamley Hardy Campbell Jr. Richard Croker 5 F 1:02.40 $4,600
1892 Lady Violet 2 Edward Garrison A. Jack Joyner August Belmont Jr. 5 F 1:02.00 $3,850
1891 Merry Monarch 2 Marty Bergen John Hyland David Gideon 5 F 1:01.80 $4,175
1890 Ambulance 2 Fred Littlefield R. Wyndham Walden John A., Alfred H. & Dave H. Morris 5 F 1:01.20 $4,175
1889 St. Carlo 2 Edward Garrison James G. Rowe Sr. August Belmont Sr. 5 F 1:01.00 $4,800
1888 Buddhist 2 Isaac Burns Murphy John W. Rogers Samuel S. Brown 5 F 1:03.00 $3,675
1887 Omaha 2 Edward Garrison R. Wyndham Walden R. Wyndham Walden 5 F 1:03.00 $3,800
1886 Tremont 2 Jim McLaughlin Frank McCabe Dwyer Brothers Stable 5 F 1:04.50 $2,800
1885 Quito 2 Isaac E. Lewis Byron McClelland William Lawrence Scott 5 F 1:03.75 $2,425
1884 Florio 2 Isaac E. Lewis Byron McClelland William Lawrence Scott 5 F 1:04.00 $3,025
1883 Burton 2 Jim McLaughlin James G. Rowe Sr. Dwyer Brothers Stable 5 F 1:03.50 $2,875
1882 Parthenia 2 Charles Shauer Matthew Bynes Pierre Lorillard IV 5 F 1:03.75
1881 Gerald 2 George Barbee Matthew Bynes Pierre Lorillard IV 5 F 1:02.50 $2,500
1880 Spinaway 2 Lloyd Hughes R. Wyndham Walden George L. Lorillard 5 F 1:04.00

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Condensed History of the Foam Stakes". Daily Racing Form. 1907-06-23. Retrieved 2019-06-17 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  2. ^ "Two-Year-Olds Run A Dead Heat". The New York Journal. 1896-07-09. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  3. ^ "Big Scandal In The Tidal Stakes". The Inter Ocean. Chicago. 1903-06-21. p. 9. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  4. ^ "Spinaway, 128 Running on Sunday, September 01, 2019". NYRA. 2019-06-25. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
  5. ^ "New York Form Chart". Daily Racing Form. 1910-06-22. Retrieved 2019-06-22 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  6. ^ "Penalties in the New York Bills". Daily Racing Form. 1908-01-18. Retrieved 2018-10-26 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  7. ^ "Keep Up Betting Ban". New York Times. 1908-09-01. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  8. ^ "Coney Island Clubs Sturdy Stand". Daily Racing Form. 1908-08-11. Retrieved 2019-02-03 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  9. ^ Liebman, Bennett (May 24, 2009). "The First American Triple Crown Series". The Rail. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  10. ^ "Race Track Bill Defeated In Senate; Measure Modifying Directors' Liability for Gambling Fails of Passage". The New York Times. July 14, 1911. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  11. ^ "Racing Through the Century". Thoroughbred Times. February 14, 2000. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  12. ^ "Destruction Wrought by Hughes". Daily Racing Form. 1908-12-15. Retrieved 2018-11-30 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
  13. ^ "Famous Old Track is Sold". Daily Racing Form. 1914-11-17. Retrieved 2018-11-30 – via University of Kentucky Archives.