Flavia Maximiana Theodora

Flavia Maximiana Theodora (c. 275 – before 337) was a Roman empress, wife of Constantius Chlorus.

Flavia Maximiana Theodora
Bronze-Flavia Maximiana Theodora-trier RIC 65.jpg
Flavia Maximiana Theodora. On the reverse, the goddess Pietas.
Roman empress
Bornc. 275
Diedbefore 337
SpouseConstantius Chlorus
FatherUncertain, perhaps Afranius Hannibalianus or Emperor Maximian
MotherUncertain, perhaps Eutropia

She is often referred to as a stepdaughter of Emperor Maximian by ancient sources, leading to claims by historians Otto Seeck and Ernest Stein that she was born from an earlier marriage between Eutropia, wife of Maximian, and Afranius Hannibalianus.[1] This man was consul in 292 and praetorian prefect under Diocletian.

Timothy Barnes challenges this view stating that all "stepdaughter sources" derive their information from the partially unreliable work Kaisergeschichte (written in the 4th century), while more reliable sources refer to Theodora as Maximian's natural daughter.[2] He concludes that she was born no later than c. 275 to an unnamed earlier wife of Maximian, possibly one of Hannibalianus' daughters.[3]

Before 21 April 289,[4] Theodora married Flavius Valerius Constantius (later known as Constantius Chlorus), after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position. The couple had six children:


  1. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus 39.25; Eutropius, Breviaria 9.22; Jerome, Chronicle 225g; Epitome de Caesaribus 39.2, 40.12, quoted in Timothy Barnes, New Empire, 33; Barnes, New Empire, 33.
  2. ^ Origo Constantini 2; Philostorgius, Historia Ecclesiastica 2.16a, quoted in Barnes, New Empire, 33. See also Panegyrici Latini 10(2)11.4.
  3. ^ Barnes, New Empire, 33–34.
  4. ^ Barnes, New Empire, p. 37


  • Barnes, Timothy D.. The New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-7837-2221-4

External linksEdit

  Media related to Flavia Maximiana Theodora at Wikimedia Commons

Royal titles
Preceded by Empress of Rome
with Galeria Valeria (305–306)
Succeeded by
Preceded by