Fire Service College
The Fire Service College is responsible for providing leadership, management and advanced operational training courses for senior fire officers from the United Kingdom and foreign fire authorities. It is located at Moreton-in-Marsh in Gloucestershire, England. The nearest railway station is Moreton-in-Marsh. It has been owned by Capita since February 2013, having previously been an executive agency and trading fund of the Department for Communities and Local Government.
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The College provides the full range of training for firefighters at all levels, including initial training for recruit firefighters. Whilst Scotland has its own Scottish Fire Service College at Gullane near Edinburgh, many Scottish fire officers go to Moreton on the more specialist and senior ranking courses.
Under the Fire Brigades Act 1938, the UK Government set up a training centre at Saltdean near Brighton in 1941, to train National Fire Service personnel. With the return to local authority control after World War II, the British government decided to standardise the way in which the fire service worked. The college at Saltdean became too small and the Home Office opened the Senior Staff College at Wotton House, Dorking in Surrey in 1949, to train senior officers from all over the country. On 4 June 1966, they decided to do the same for the lower ranks and established the Fire Service College at Moreton. The College was built on a disused RAF wartime airfield about 3 km (2 miles) outside the village of Moreton-in-Marsh.
RAF Moreton-in-Marsh was, as the home station of 21 Operational Training Unit, RAF Bomber Command responsible for the training of aircrew to fly Wellington bombers. The Station also flew operations, and sent aircraft on the large bomber raids on the German cities of Cologne, Dresden and Hamburg. The airbase remained operational until the late 1950s. The government then used the base to teach fire fighting to military personnel undergoing their National Service.
The Home Office opened the College on the 500-acre (2.0 km2) site in 1968. The first students whilst having most of the facilities seen today had no proper accommodation and were bunked in large Nissen huts (in the area that is now the cricket and football pitches), which originally housed the RAF personnel when it was an operational airbase. The Staff College at Dorking was closed in 1981 and all training was transferred to Moreton.
In April 1992, the College became an executive agency and trading fund under the Fire Service Trading Fund Order 1992 (Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 640). In June 2001, the responsibility for the College transferred from the Home Office to the Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions and just one year later to the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and then to the Department for Communities and Local Government.
In April 2011 the Government announced it was studying different options for private investment in the College to allow it to achieve its full potential and in March 2012 it was concluded that the best option was full privatisation. In December 2012 Capita was selected as the preferred bidder and the sale was completed for £10 million on 28 February 2013.
Educationally, the college boasts state of the art lecture facilities and specialised areas such as IT suites, a chemistry laboratory and hydraulics laboratory. The tutors are drawn from both the academic world and from officers serving in fire and rescue services around the country. Courses available range from firefighter recruits through junior officer development to senior officer management courses right up to Chief Officer level. To support the educational side, there as a large administration complex and a library of fire related literature. Students come mainly from the UK but several countries such as the Netherlands, Spain, Germany, Trinidad and Tobago, Bahamas, Jamaica, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Cyprus, Libya, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Gibraltar send students on a fairly regular basis. Prior to the current troubles in various parts of the world, students from Iraq and Nigeria were a common sight at the college.
Operational training is carried out in several purpose built areas of the college, these include
- Breathing apparatus complex
- Industrial complexes
- Domestic property
- High rise property
- Areas for electrical, pool fire and fixed installation training
- Small-scale versions of petroleum and chemical installations
- A concrete "ship", the “Sir Henry”
- A railway, which includes a section of rail with locomotives and carriages of various types, both passenger and freight.
- A mock motorway (M96)
- USAR (Urban Search and Rescue)
- A range of aircraft including helicopters, military and civil passenger aircraft including a simulated Boeing 747
- Fire behaviour units
To support the operational training the college has a fully equipped appliance room with some 25 appliances from different manufacturers including pumps, aerial appliances, rescue tenders, USAR vehicles and hazmats appliances. There is also a large workshop to maintain the appliances and all the other operational equipment used.
The M96 motorway is a 400-yard (370 m) stretch of road at the college which imitates in detail a typical UK motorway; it is used to teach firefighters in training how to deal with road traffic accidents. It consists of one of the former runways of the airfield. The numbering of the motorway is not consistent with the Great Britain road numbering scheme; however its number is largely irrelevant, as it is not open to the public.
The social and domestic facilities include
- Standard and deluxe accommodation for 600 students
- Television rooms and lounge areas
- A chapel
- The 'Four Shires' Restaurant and bar complex
- Sports complex with a 25 m × 9 m (82 ft × 30 ft) swimming pool, sauna, 4 squash courts a sports hall and fitness suite
- Several football and cricket pitches
- 2 tennis courts
The BBC used the location to film the docudrama The Day Britain Stopped about a series of catastrophic transport accidents. For the purposes of the programme, the motorway was temporarily rebranded "M91".
The college has been on occasions shut over weekends and used by the military and police for training, as the live fire buildings and complexes allow training in certain operational areas that cannot easily be carried out or reconstructed elsewhere.
In November 2016, the site was used by HTIS for an Airsoft Military Simulation event called Blue Fox II.
- Scottish Fire Service College
- Fire Service College staff (2009). "Fire Service College Official website". Retrieved 2 May 2007.
- Fire Service College staff (2009). "Heritage and History". Fire Service College. Archived from the original on 2011-08-31.
- Parliament (1992). "The Fire Service College Trading Fund Order 1992". UK legislation on-line. Retrieved September 2011. Check date values in:
- BBC staff (16 May 2009). "Blaze breaks out at fire college". BBC Gloucestershire.
- "Sale of the Fire Service College completed". gov.uk. 28 February 2013.
- "M96 Fire Service College". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Fire Protection Association official website