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Filmways, Inc. (also known as Filmways Pictures and Filmways Television) was a television and film production company founded by American film executive Martin Ransohoff and Edwin Kasper in 1952. It is probably best remembered as the production company of CBS’ “rural comedies” of the 1960s, including Mister Ed, The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction, and Green Acres, as well as the comedy-drama The Trials of O'Brien, the western Dundee and the Culhane, the adventure show Bearcats!, the police drama Cagney & Lacey, and The Addams Family. Notable films the company produced include The Sandpiper, The Cincinnati Kid, The Fearless Vampire Killers, Ice Station Zebra, Summer Lovers, The Burning, King, Brian De Palma's Dressed to Kill and Blow Out, and Death Wish II.
|Industry||Motion pictures, television programs|
|Fate||Acquired by Orion Pictures and renamed as Orion Pictures Corporation|
|Successor||Orion Pictures Corporation|
|Headquarters||Sonoma County, California|
|Martin Ransohoff, Edwin Kasper, Rodney Erickson|
Filmways acquired famous companies throughout the years, such as Heatter-Quigley Productions, Ruby-Spears Productions and American International Pictures. It was also the owner of the film distributor Sigma III Corporation (Closely Watched Trains, Hi, Mom!), and Wally Heider Recording in Hollywood.
Filmways was formed in 1952 by Martin Ransohoff and Edwin Kasper, who would part with Filmways five years later. The company originally produced television commercials and documentary films. In 1959, Filmways entered the television sitcom arena in a big way when many executives of McCadden Productions (a production company founded by comedian and actor George Burns) joined Filmways following McCadden's Chapter 7 bankruptcy earlier the same year. Filmways TV Productions was formed with former McCadden executive Al Simon as president, producing its first TV series, 21 Beacon Street. During that time, McCadden also produced the pilot which would later become the series Mister Ed. Burns sold the rights to Filmways, and Burns and director Arthur Lubin formed The Mister Ed Company as a joint venture. As a result, Mister Ed became a smash hit. From 1962 until 1971, Filmways produced its biggest hit, The Beverly Hillbillies for CBS, created by Paul Henning, another former McCadden executive. In 1969, the company acquired Heatter-Quigley Productions, the game show producer known for their biggest hit, Hollywood Squares.
In 1969, the company bought Sears Point Raceway in Sonoma County, California, and Wally Heider's recording studios in Hollywood and San Francisco. Filmways was also listed as a co-developer of Ontario Motor Speedway in San Bernardino County, California, which opened in 1970. In 1972, Ransohoff left Filmways as president.
Filmways housed studios in Manhattan at 246 East 127th Street, which were built for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1920s.
In 1974, it acquired book publisher Grosset & Dunlap from American Financial Group. In May 1975, it revived the television syndication firm Rhodes Productions after former parent Taft Broadcasting renamed the original company to Taft, H-B Program Sales two weeks ago. In 1976, Richard L. Bloch became CEO. In 1977, it founded Ruby-Spears Productions with former Hanna-Barbera alumni Joe Ruby and Ken Spears. Later that year, Rhodes Productions was spun off into an independent corporation, and launched its syndication unit Filmways Enterprises, headed by Jamie Kellner. On July 12, 1979, after Arkoff's retirement, Filmways purchased American International Pictures (AIP). Their TV subsidiary, AITV was eventually merged into Filmways Enterprises.
Filmways had lost nearly $20 million during the nine months ending in November 1981. However, it partially exited bankruptcy by selling a few of its previously acquired assets. In 1981, Ruby-Spears Productions was sold to Taft Broadcasting, owners of the Hanna-Barbera animation studio and Sears Point Raceway was sold to Speedway Motorsports. In 1982, Grosset & Dunlap was sold to G. P. Putnam's Sons.
In February 1982, Filmways was acquired by Orion Pictures (with E. M. Warburg Pincus & Company and Home Box Office (HBO) for its pay and cable television rights). Filmways was then reincorporated as Orion Pictures Corporation on August 31, 1982.
Announcements at the end of productionsEdit
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Most productions ended with the announcement, “This has been a Filmways presentation”. For some shows, the voice-over was made by a cast member:
- Petticoat Junction: first, Billie Jo Bradley (Jeannine Riley) and later, Betty Jo Bradley (Linda Kaye Henning)
- Green Acres: Lisa Douglas (Eva Gabor), who says, “This has been a Filmways presentation, darling.”
- The Beverly Hillbillies: Elly May Clampett (Donna Douglas). Following a few episodes, the voice of Jethro, Max Baer Jr., can be heard saying, "Aww, shuddup, Elly May", following her announcement. Seasons 1–3, however, feature Bill Baldwin, the announcer for the show's sponsors.
- Mister Ed: Roger Addison (Larry Keating). Later seasons feature Mister Ed (Allan Lane) saying it after Keating's death in 1963.
- The Addams Family: The logo was silent, but in some episodes the phrase was recited in a deep baritone voice by Ted Cassidy, although he did not use his usual “Lurch” voice. A few other times, Carolyn Jones recited the phrase and added "darling" at the end.
Ownership of film, television propertiesEdit
Today, most of the Filmways library, including Green Acres, The Addams Family, Cagney & Lacey (continued by Orion), Death Wish II (a Cannon film), The Hollywood Squares, and Mister Ed is now owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM; via its acquisition of Orion in 1998, and the pre-1988 Cannon Films library) until MGM quietly relaunched Orion on September 11, 2014.
The Beverly Hillbillies and Petticoat Junction are owned by Paramount Global. Viacom (the parent of CBS from 1999 to 2005, actually started as CBS’ syndication arm) syndicated these two programs since the 1970s. In the case of Hillbillies, Orion Television (now a subsidiary of MGM Television in 2013) still owns the copyrights to the episodes, excluding episodes from the first season and the first half of the second season, which have fallen into the public domain. However, any new compilation of Hillbillies material will be copyrighted by either MPI Media Group or CBS, depending on the series content.
Filmways co-produced Eye Guess, The Face Is Familiar, Personality, and You're Putting Me On with Bob Stewart Productions. Those four game shows are currently owned by Sony Pictures Television (SPT). Filmways syndicated Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman that was produced by T.A.T. Communications Company. That too is owned by SPT via ELP Communications. SPT co-distributed the MGM library for a short time.
The rights to nearly all movies Filmways co-produced with major studios have been retained by the studios that originally released them; 10 Rillington Place is owned by Columbia Pictures, Save the Tiger is owned by Paramount Pictures, Two-Minute Warning is owned by Universal Studios, and so forth. Most of the foreign-language films released by their Sigma III division have reverted to their original producers, but a small number of English-language films Sigma III handled such as Cul-de-sac and Hi, Mom! were retained by Filmways and are now owned by MGM. The rest that were originally released by MGM prior to 1986 are currently owned by Warner Bros. via its Turner Entertainment Co. subsidiary.
|June 21, 1962||Boys' Night Out||distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|November 14, 1963||The Wheeler Dealers|
|September 17, 1964||Topkapi||distributed by United Artists|
|October 27, 1964||The Americanization of Emily||distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|June 23, 1965||The Sandpiper|
|October 11, 1965||The Loved One|
|October 15, 1965||The Cincinnati Kid|
|1967||Too Many Thieves|
|June 20, 1967||Don't Make Waves|
|November 13, 1967||The Fearless Vampire Killers|
|December 6, 1967||Eye of the Devil|
|October 23, 1968||Ice Station Zebra|
|November 17, 1968||Journey to Jerusalem||distributed by Sigma III|
|February 9, 1969||A Midsummer Night's Dream||television film|
|July 23, 1969||Castle Keep||distributed by Columbia Pictures|
|December 21, 1969||Hamlet|
|July 1970||The Moonshine War||distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|
|May 12, 1971||10 Rillington Place||distributed by Columbia Pictures|
|June 30, 1971||What's the Matter with Helen?||distributed by United Artists|
|September 2, 1971||See No Evil||distributed by Columbia Pictures|
|November 22, 1971||King Lear||distributed by Altura Films|
|July 14, 1972||Fuzz||distributed by United Artists|
|February 14, 1973||Save the Tiger||distributed by Paramount Pictures|
|July 21, 1974||The White Dawn|
|November 14, 1975||The Other Side of the Mountain||distributed by Universal Pictures|
|November 7, 1976||21 Hours at Munich||television film|
|November 12, 1976||Two-Minute Warning||distributed by Universal Pictures|
|February 10, 1978||The Other Side of the Mountain Part 2|
|July 11, 1980||How to Beat the High Cost of Living|
|July 24, 1980||The Earthling|
|July 25, 1980||Dressed to Kill|
|September 26, 1980||Without Warning|
|October 3, 1980||The First Deadly Sin|
|November 28, 1980||The Babysitter||television film|
|May 8, 1981||The Burning||produced by Miramax Films|
|July 24, 1981||Blow Out|
|October 9, 1981||Full Moon High|
|March 1, 1981||Miracle on Ice||television film|
|November 12, 1981||Roar||international distribution|
|December 11, 1981||Four Friends|
|February 19, 1982||Death Wish II||US distribution; produced by The Cannon Group, Inc.|
|July 16, 1982||Summer Lovers||distributed by Universal Pictures|
- ^ https://worldradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1960/BC-1960-11-14.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- ^ "Filmways expands with print, TV additions" (PDF). Broadcasting Magazine. 1969-06-09. p. 44. Retrieved 2023-03-16.
- ^ Thompson Hill, Kathleen (19 June 2015). "Sonoma Raceway's food runs laps around the rest..." sonomanews.com. Sonoma Media Investments, Inc. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
- ^ "Filmways Acquires Skye in Stock Deal". Billboard. Billboard. 16 August 1969. Retrieved 24 April 2022.
- ^ "From whence it came" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1978-12-11. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
- ^ "Orion Group Gets Filmways". The New York Times. February 10, 1982. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
- ^ "Selected Entity Name: Orion TV Productions, Inc". Corporation & Business Entity Database. State of New York. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- ^ Mashpedia Video