Donna Douglas (born Doris Ione Smith; September 26, 1932 – January 1, 2015) was an American actress and singer, known for her role as Elly May Clampett in CBS's The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–1971). Following her acting career, Douglas became a real estate agent, Gospel singer, inspirational speaker, and author of books for children and adults.
Douglas in 1967
|Born||Doris Ione Smith
September 26, 1932
Pride, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||January 1, 2015
|Cause of death||Pancreatic cancer|
|Residence||Zachary, Louisiana, U.S.|
|Education||St. Gerard High School|
|Occupation||Actress, singer, writer|
|Children||Danny P. Bourgeois|
Douglas was born Doris Ione Smith in the community of Pride, East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, on September 26, 1932. The younger of two children, she was the only daughter of Emmett Ratcliff Smith, Sr.[Footnotes 1] and his wife, Elma (née Robinson).[Footnotes 2] Her birth name is listed both as Dorothy Smith and Doris Smith in various articles.
Douglas attended St. Gerard Catholic High School, where she played softball and basketball and was a member of the school's first graduating class. Douglas was named "Miss Baton Rouge" and "Miss New Orleans" in 1957.
Douglas moved to New York City to pursue a career in show business and started as an illustration model for toothpaste advertisements. She was featured as the "Letters Girl" on NBC's The Perry Como Show in 1957 and as the "Billboard Girl" on NBC's The Steve Allen Show in 1959. These and other television appearances led New York photographers and newspaper reporters to award her the "Miss By-line" crown, which she wore on CBS's The Ed Sullivan Show.
Hal B. Wallis saw the Sullivan episode and cast her in the role of Marjorie Burke in the movie drama Career (1959), starring Anthony Franciosa, Dean Martin and Shirley MacLaine. This was followed by a bit part in the musical comedy Li'l Abner (1959) and the role of a secretary in the comedy/romance Lover Come Back (1961), starring Rock Hudson and Doris Day.
She made numerous television appearances in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including The Twilight Zone episode "The Eye of the Beholder" (1960). She played Barbara Simmons in four 1961 episodes of the CBS detective series Checkmate. Her other credits included in U.S. Marshal, Tightrope, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, Bachelor Father, Adam-12 and Route 66. Douglas also appeared in Thriller, season 1, episode 16, "The Hungry Glass".
The Beverly HillbilliesEdit
Although Douglas was an active actress in the 1960s, she was still relatively unknown when selected from among 500 young actresses to work alongside veteran actor and dancer Buddy Ebsen on The Beverly Hillbillies. This series ran for nine consecutive seasons, beginning in 1962 and ending in 1971. Continually typecast as a result of her Hillbillies role, Douglas decided to focus on her career as a gospel singer.
During the 1966 summer hiatus of The Beverly Hillbillies, Douglas made her only starring feature film appearance, cast as Frankie in Fred de Cordova's Frankie and Johnny (1966) alongside Elvis Presley. The film proved popular and is among Presley's most frequently televised movies, but it did little to advance Douglas' big-screen career.
With the 1973 death of Hillbillies co-star Irene Ryan, and Max Baer Jr.'s refusal to participate, Douglas joined Nancy Kulp and Buddy Ebsen in 1981 as the only original cast members to appear in the reunion movie, Return of the Beverly Hillbillies. Douglas was a guest star on a number of other television programs and the subject of paper dolls, dolls, coloring books, and various toys during the height of the show's popularity. In a 2003 interview with "Confessions of a Pop Culture Addict", she summed up her views on the role: "Elly May was like a slice out of my life. She is a wonderful little door opener for me because people love her, and they love the Hillbillies. Even to this day it's shown every day somewhere. But, as with any abilities, she may open a door for you, but you have to have substance or integrity to advance you through that door."
In 1992, Douglas and Baer attended Buddy Ebsen's 84th birthday celebration in Beverly Hills, California. In 1993, Douglas, Ebsen, and Baer reunited on The Jerry Springer Show, and for a final time in a CBS-TV television special, The Legend of The Beverly Hillbillies.
In December 2010, Mattel released a new collection of three Barbies called the Classic TV Collection. These dolls were Samantha Stephens (from Bewitched, played by Elizabeth Montgomery), Jeannie (from I Dream of Jeannie, played by Barbara Eden) and Elly May Clampett.
Post acting careerEdit
Douglas received her real estate license after The Beverly Hillbillies finished production. She did not work in that field long, however, as she remained in show business and found other projects.
Douglas frequently performed as a gospel singer and was a speaker at church groups, youth groups, schools and colleges across the United States. One focus of her charitable work was speaking in support of various Christian children's homes, mostly in the American South. She appeared at conventions and trade fairs. She recorded several gospel albums, the first released in 1982, and recorded a few minor country music records during the 1970s and 1980s.
Douglas wrote and published a religious-based children's book titled Donna's Critters & Kids: Children's Stories with a Bible Touch. The book included Bible stories featuring animals combined with a coloring book. In November 2011, she released a new children's book titled Miss Donna's Mulberry Acres Farm. In 2013, Douglas published a cookbook, Southern Favorites with a Taste of Hollywood which collects recipes of Southern cooking from show business friends and colleagues such as Buddy Ebsen, Phyllis Diller, Valerie Harper and Debbie Reynolds. The book also has a section on good manners called "Hollywood Social Graces".
Douglas married her first husband, Roland Bourgeois, Jr., in 1949, with whom she had her only child, Danny Bourgeois, in 1954. The couple divorced that same year. She married Robert M. Leeds, director of The Beverly Hillbillies, in 1971; they divorced in 1980.
Douglas remained a close friend of Buddy Ebsen for 32 years. In a 2011 interview with The Lincoln Times-News, she described Ebsen as "a wonderful man, very much like my own father, a quiet, reserved, and caring person".
In 2003, Douglas' mother, Elma Smith, and Buddy Ebsen died. Douglas and Baer visited Ebsen in the hospital, and following his death both delivered a eulogy at his funeral. A decade later, Douglas revealed the depth of her feelings for Ebsen in an interview with "Confessions of a Pop Culture Addict": "I loved Buddy Ebsen. He reminded me so much of my own dad. Most of my scenes were with Buddy, and most of Max's with Irene. Buddy was just a wonderful man. I related to him so easily. The night before he died, Max and I went up to the hospital to see him."
On June 10, 1993, Douglas and her partner Curt Wilson in Associated Artists Entertainment, Inc., filed a US$200 million lawsuit against Disney, Whoopi Goldberg, Bette Midler, their production companies, and Creative Artists Agency claiming that Sister Act was plagiarized from a book, A Nun in the Closet, owned by the partners. Douglas and Wilson claimed that in 1985 they had developed a screenplay from the book.
The lawsuit claimed that there were more than 100 similarities and plagiarisms between the movie and the book/screenplay owned by Douglas and Wilson. The lawsuit claimed that the developed screenplay had been submitted to Disney, Goldberg, and Midler three times during 1987 and 1988. In 1994, Douglas and Wilson declined a US$1 million offer to settle the case. The judge found in favor of Walt Disney Pictures and the other defendants. Wilson stated at the time, "They would have had to copy our stuff verbatim for us to prevail".
On May 4, 2011, Douglas filed a federal lawsuit claiming that Mattel and CBS Consumer Products used her name and likeness for a Barbie doll in the Classic TV Collection without her authorization. The suit alleged that packaging for the "Elly May" Barbie doll featured a photo of her portraying the character. Douglas maintained she never endorsed the doll nor gave Mattel permission to use her name to promote its sale. On December 27, 2011, Douglas settled her suit against CBS Consumer Products and Mattel, in which she had been seeking at least US$75,000. In the lawsuit, Douglas claimed that CBS and Mattel needed her approval to design the doll, while CBS and Mattel maintained that they did not need her consent or approval because the network holds exclusive rights to the character. Details of the settlement were confidential; both sides claimed to be content with the outcome.
Final years and deathEdit
Douglas died at Baton Rouge General Hospital, aged 82, on January 1, 2015, from pancreatic cancer. Her interment was in East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana's Bluff Creek Cemetery.
Charlene Smith, Douglas' niece by marriage, said that Douglas returned to live in East Baton Rouge Parish in about 2005: "She was always happy, always beautiful. You always saw her with all her makeup on. She never looked her age." Smith said that on Christmas 2014 Douglas gave her a Bible that she had signed. Douglas often added scriptural verses to her gifts.
- Bachelor Father (1959) ... Alice... episode: "Kelly's Secret"
- U.S. Marshal (1959) ... Joyce Markham ... episode: "Trigger Happy"
- The Twilight Zone (November 11, 1960) ... Janet Tyler ... episode: "The Eye of the Beholder" and (May 25, 1962) ... Woman #1 ... episode: "Cavender Is Coming"
- Lock-Up (1960) ... Gloria Larkey ... episode: "The Case of Dan Gray"
- Whirlybirds (1960) ... Girl ... episode: "Four Little Indians"
- The Detectives Starring Robert Taylor (1960) ... Sandra Hoyle ... episode: "Alibis"
- Route 66 (TV series) (November 2, 1960)... Dana ... Model ... episode: "Layout at Glen Canyon, Season 1, Episode 9"
- Thriller (TV series) (January 3, 1961 ... William Shatner ... Russel Johnson ... Donna Douglas ... episode: "The Hungry Glass"
- 77 Sunset Strip (April 28, 1961) ... Rhoda Sheridan ... episode: "The Celluloid Cowboy"
- Hennesey (May 22, 1961) ... Sheree ... episode: "His Honor, Dr. Blair"
- The Aquanauts (1961) ... Nancy Gard ... episode: "The Stakeout Adventure"
- Michael Shayne (1961) ... Dusa Quick ... episode: "Murder Is a Fine Art"
- Surfside 6 (2 episodes, 1961)
- Dr. Kildare (1961) ... Jenny ... episode: "Second Chance"
- Pete and Gladys (2 episodes, 1961)
- Mister Ed (3 episodes, 1961–1962)(1) January 19, 1961 ... Jane Parker ... Episode 3 "The Busy Wife"
- Sam Benedict (1961) ... Francine ... episode "Hanigan"
- The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–1971) (main character) ... Elly May Clampett
- The Defenders (1964) ... Mary Andrews ... episode: "Drink Like a Lady"
- Night Gallery (January 26, 1972) ... Mildred McVane ... episode: "Last Rites for a Dead Druid"
- Adam-12 (1972, season 5) ... Nina Draper ... episode: "18 — The Beast"
- McMillan and Wife (January 6, 1974) ...Barmaid ... episode 5: "The Man Without a Face"
- Return of the Beverly Hillbillies (1981) ... Elly May Clampett
- The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! (1 episode, 1989) ... Ellie Mae
- The Jerry Springer Show (1993)
- The Nanny (March 31, 1999) ... Herself ... episode: "California, Here We Come"
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- The Beverly Hillbillies (television soundtrack) (1963)
- Donna Douglas Sings Gospel (1982)
- Here Come the Critters (1983)
- Donna Douglas Sings Gospel II (1986)
- Back on the Mountain (1989)
- Her father's obituary, published in Baton Rouge Advocate, October 9, 1988, states the following: "Emmett R Smith Sr. — Died 2:30 p.m. Friday, October 7, 1988, near Port Allen, as the result of a boating accident. He was 81, a native of Baywood and resident of Zachary. He was a retired Standard Oil Co. employee with 37 years service. Visiting at Galilee Baptist Church, Deerford Road, 12:30 p.m. to religious services at 2 p.m. Sunday, conducted by the Rev. Tommy Jackson. Burial in Bluff Creek Baptist Church Cemetery, Bluff Creek...."
- Her mother's obituary, published in The Baton Rouge Advocate, January 2, 2004, states: "SMITH, ELMA ROBINSON In her early life, she was a telephone operator and was a joy and blessing to all who knew her. She died Wednesday, December 31, 2003, at 6:05 a.m. at Zachary Manor Nursing Home. She was 93, born in Olive Branch/Clinton and a resident of Zachary. Visiting was at Charlet Funeral Home Inc., Zachary, from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. Thursday, with recitation of the rosary at 7 p.m. Visiting at St. John the Baptist Catholic Church from 10 a.m. until service at 1 p.m. Friday, conducted by the Rev. Kenny Laird. Burial in St. Isidore Catholic Church Cemetery, Baker..."
- "Donna Douglas". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 24, 2015. Photograph of headstone.
- Cox, Stephen (2003). The Beverly Hillbillies: a fortieth anniversary wing ding (Rev. and expanded. ed.). Nashville, Tennessee: Cumberland House. ISBN 1-58182-302-9.
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- Stout, David (January 2, 2015). "Donna Douglas, the Fairest ‘Beverly Hillbilly’, Dies at 82 (sic)". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- Britt, Donna (March 23, 2009), Actress Donna Douglas grants rare interview, WorldNow and WAFB 9 News, retrieved January 2, 2012
- Brennan, Sandra. "Donna Douglas". AllMovie. Archived from the original on February 2, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Pink, Douglas (June 12, 1994). "A FEW MOMENTS WITH... Donna Douglas Elly May Still Loves Her Critters". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "Donna Douglas". Filmbug. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Moore, Frazier (January 2, 2015). "Donna Douglas, 'Beverly Hillbillies' Star, Is Dead". ABC News. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "The Hungry Glass (January 3, 1961)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- The Return of the Beverly Hillbillies, Internet Movie Database, retrieved January 2, 2012
- "Critters and Confessionals: A Conversation with Donna Douglas". popcultureaddict.com. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- Classic TV Collection, Mattel, Inc., retrieved January 2, 2012
- McConnaughey, Janet (December 29, 2011). "Settlement in Elly Mae Clampett Barbie doll suit". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 8, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "Southern Favorites with a Taste of Hollywood". Tate Publishing and Enterprising, LLC. Tate Publishing and Enterprising, LLC. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- Coffee, Jack, Eleventh Generation, Ancestors of Marguerite Lucy Bourgeois Laurent (1910–2002), The Coffey cousins, retrieved January 2, 2012
- "Donna Douglas talks 'Hillbillies,' faith". lincolntimesnews.com. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- Haring, Bruce (June 10, 1993), "$200 mil suit targets 'Sister Act'", Variety, retrieved January 2, 2012
- Friend, Tad (September 1998), "$Copy Cats: Hollywood Stole My Story!", The New Yorker, archived from the original on March 18, 2012, retrieved January 2, 2012
- O'Neill, Ann (May 6, 2011), Actress sues over 'Elly May Barbie' doll, CNN, archived from the original on August 11, 2011, retrieved January 2, 2012
- "'Beverly Hillbillies' Actress Donna Douglas Dies at 82". The Hollywood Reporter. January 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-03.
Donna Douglas, best known for her role as the tomboy, critter-loving Elly May Clampett on the 1960s fish-out-of-water CBS sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies, died on New Year's Day.
- Stegall, Amber (January 2, 2015). "Donna Douglas, aka Elly May Clampett, passes away at age 82". Pride, LA: WAFB. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- John Wirt and Andrea Gallo (January 2, 2015). "Donna Douglas, who played Elly May Clampett in 'The Beverly Hillbillies,' dies: Louisiana native known for spirituality, love of animals". Baton Rouge Advocate. Retrieved January 3, 2015.