Fiji shrikebill

The Fiji shrikebill (Clytorhynchus vitiensis) is a songbird species in the family Monarchidae. It is found in American Samoa, Fiji, and Tonga. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Fiji shrikebill
Clytorhynchus vitiensis heinei 1870.jpg
Clytorhynchus vitiensis heinei
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Monarchidae
Genus: Clytorhynchus
Species:
C. vitiensis
Binomial name
Clytorhynchus vitiensis
(Hartlaub, 1866)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Myiolestes vitiensis
  • Pinarolestes vitiensis

Taxonomy and systematicsEdit

The Fiji shrikebill was originally described as belonging to the genus Myiolestes. Alternate names include the lesser shrikebill and uniform shrikebill.

SubspeciesEdit

Twelve subspecies are recognized:[2]

  • Rotuman lesser shrikebill (C. v. wiglesworthi) - Mayr, 1933: Found on Rotuma Island (northern Fiji)
  • C. v. brunneus - (Ramsay, EP, 1875): Found on Kadavu, Ono and Vanua Kula (south-western Fiji)
  • C. v. buensis - (Layard, EL, 1876): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Myiolestes. Found on Vana Levu and Kioa (northern Fiji)
  • C. v. vitiensis - (Hartlaub, 1866): Found in western Fiji
  • C. v. layardi - Mayr, 1933: Found on Taveuni (central Fiji)
  • C. v. pontifex - Mayr, 1933: Found on Qamea and Rabi (northern Fiji)
  • Vanuatu lesser shrikebill (C. v. vatuanus) - Mayr, 1933: Found on northern Lau Islands (eastern Fiji)
  • C. v. nesiotes - (Wetmore, 1919): Originally described as a separate species. Found on southern Lau Islands (eastern Fiji)
  • Futuna lesser shrikebill (C. v. fortunae) - (Layard, EL, 1876): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Myiolestes. Found on Futuna and Alofi (north-east of Fiji)
  • C. v. heinei - (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Myiolestes. Found on central Tonga Islands
  • C. v. keppeli - Mayr, 1933: Found on Niuatoputapu and Tafahi (northern Tonga)
  • Manu’a shrikebill (C. v. powelli) - (Salvin, 1879): Originally described as a separate species. Found on Samoa but may have gone extinct in the 1990s due to habitat destruction

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Clytorhynchus vitiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4.