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Fiesole (Italian pronunciation: [ˈfjɛːzole]) is a town and comune of the Metropolitan City of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany, on a scenic height above Florence, 5 km (3 miles) northeast of that city. Both Harvard University and Georgetown University have their centers of Italian Renaissance Studies domiciled in Fiesole.[1][2] The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio is set in the slopes of Fiesole. The city was equally featured in the novels Peter Camenzind (1904) by Hermann Hesse and A Room with a View (1908) by E. M. Forster.[3]

Fiesole
Comune
Città di Fiesole
The hills of Fiesole overlooking Florence
The hills of Fiesole overlooking Florence
Coat of arms of Fiesole
Coat of arms
Fiesole is located in Italy
Fiesole
Fiesole
Location of Fiesole in Italy
Coordinates: 43°48′26″N 11°17′31″E / 43.80722°N 11.29194°E / 43.80722; 11.29194Coordinates: 43°48′26″N 11°17′31″E / 43.80722°N 11.29194°E / 43.80722; 11.29194
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Metropolitan city Florence (FI)
Frazioni Anchetta, Caldine, Compiobbi, Ellera, Girone, Pian del Mugnone, Pian di San Bartolo, San Domenico
Government
 • Mayor Anna Ravoni
Area
 • Total 42 km2 (16 sq mi)
Elevation 295 m (968 ft)
Population (31 December 2014)
 • Total 14,075
 • Density 340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Fiesolani
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 50014
Dialing code 055
ISTAT code 048015
Patron saint Romulus of Fiesole
Saint day 6 July
Website Official website
Villa San Michele
Piazza Mino

Since the 14th century the city has always been considered a getaway for the upper class of Florence and up to this day Fiesole remains noted for its very expensive residential properties. The city is generally considered to be the wealthiest and most affluent suburb of Florence. In 2016 the city had the highest median family income in the whole of Tuscany.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Fiesole (Etruscan Viesul, Viśl, Vipsul) was probably founded in the 9th–8th century BC, as it was an important member of the Etruscan confederacy, as may be seen from the remains of its ancient walls.

The first recorded mention of the town dates to 283 BC, when the town, then known as Faesulae, was conquered by the Romans. In pagan antiquity it was the seat of a famous school of augurs, and every year twelve young men were sent thither from Rome to study the art of divination. Sulla colonized it with veterans, who afterwards, under the leadership of Gaius Mallius, supported the cause of Catilina.[5][6]

Fiesole was the scene of Stilicho's great victory over the Germanic hordes of the Vandals and Suebi under Radagaisus in 406.[7] During the Gothic War (536–553) the town was several times besieged. In 539 Justin, the Byzantine general, captured it and razed its fortifications.

It was an independent town for several centuries in the early Middle Ages, no less powerful than Florence in the valley below, and many wars arose between them; in 1010 and 1025 Fiesole was sacked by the Florentines, before it was conquered by Florence in 1125, and its leading families obliged to take up their residence in Florence. Dante reflects this rivalry in his Divine Comedy by referring to "the beasts of Fiesole." (Inferno XV.73).[8]

By the 14th century, rich Florentines had countryside villas in Fiesole, and one of them is the setting of the frame narrative of the Decameron. Boccaccio's poem Il Ninfale fiesolano is a mythological account of the origins of the community.[9] Robert Browning mentions “sober pleasant Fiesole” several times in his poem "Andrea Del Sarto".

Main sightsEdit

In the neighbourhood are:

  • Monte Senario, the cradle of the Servite Order, where its seven holy founders lived in austerity
  • S. Martino di Mensola, with the body of St. Andrew, an Irish saint, still incorrupt.
  • Monte Ceceri and the monument to Leonardo da Vinci's attempted flight

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ http://itatti.harvard.edu
  2. ^ https://villalebalze.georgetown.edu
  3. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/30/travel/30Florence.html
  4. ^ http://www.infodata.ilsole24ore.com/2016/08/04/dove-vivono-i-piu-ricchi-ditalia-la-classifica-dei-comuni-con-i-redditi-piu-alti-2/
  5. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor.
  6. ^ Gaius Mallius was a colonist of Fiesole who, according to Sallust (Bellum Catilinae 24.2), was the first to raise an army and take the field against Rome. His nomen is often confused with the more common Manlius.
  7. ^ Radagaisus was executed 23 August 406 (Herwig Wolfram, Thomas J. Dunlap, tr., History of the Goths, 1988:169); Paulinus of Nola attributed the victory of Stilicho over Radagaisus's Ostrogoths near Fiesole, to the protection of Felix, Peter, Paul and other saints.
  8. ^ Dante in Love, A.N. Wilson, p. 71 (Farrar, Straus and Giroux: 2011)
  9. ^ Nocita, Teresa. "Giovanni Boccaccio: Tuscan mythologies". In Italo Pantani. Pathways through Literature. Internet Culturale. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
  10. ^ Gertrude Stein, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, New York City: The Bodeley Head, Reprint: London: Penguin Classic, 2001, p. 96

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit