Feanwâlden

  (Redirected from Feanwalden)

Feanwâlden (Dutch: Veenwouden[1][2]) is a village in the Dantumadiel municipality of Friesland, the Netherlands. It had a population of around 3,430 in 2014.[3]

Feanwâlden
Veenwouden
Village
Church of St John
Church of St John
Flag of Feanwâlden
Coat of arms of Feanwâlden
Location in Dantumadiel municipality
Location in Dantumadiel municipality
Feanwâlden is located in Friesland
Feanwâlden
Feanwâlden
Location in the Netherlands
Feanwâlden is located in Netherlands
Feanwâlden
Feanwâlden
Feanwâlden (Netherlands)
Coordinates: Coordinates: 53°14′14″N 5°59′7″E / 53.23722°N 5.98528°E / 53.23722; 5.98528
CountryNetherlands Netherlands
ProvinceFriesland Friesland
MunicipalityDantumadiel Dantumadiel
Population
 (2017)
 • Total3,430
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Together with the village of Feanwâldsterwâl, a former hamlet of Feanwâlden, it has a village interest association group under the name: Vereniging van Dorpsbelangen Veenwouden / Veenwoudsterwal e.o..

HistoryEdit

Feanwâlden originated from two small villages, Sint-Johanneswâld and Eslawâld. The first was near the Skierstins while the second place was a mile further southwest.[4] Sint-Johanneswâld was mentioned in 1439 as Sunte Johannis walde and 1450 as Sunte Johanneswald. Eslawâld was mentioned in 1450 as Essalawald.[2] In 1421 there is also mention of Lillingwald, possibly also referring to Eslawâld, as in a shortened version of es(se)lingawald[5] but may also be a third and later disappeared place in the area at the southern edge of a vast peatland.

The two places would have merged around 1500. In 1542 it was mentioned as Feenwalde, in 1573 Veenwolden, in 1664 Veenwolde and 1786 Veenwoude and Feenwoude.[2]

The merger would have come about because Eslawald had to be partly closed due to the flooding caused by the peat extraction. The Cistercian monastery Klaarkamp was already working on this before 1436, the Skierstins had been recruited by the monastery for this.[4] The occupation that remained of Eslawâld was still referred to in 1623 as Iselwolde.[2]

For a long time, the village was a thin but elongated village, but in the course of the 19th century and 20th century, the then as Veenwouden mentioned village, at that time grew considerably. It has also had its own train station for some time.[4] In 2008 the municipality Dantumadiel decided that it was going the replace all the official Dutch names within the municipality with the West Frisian names,[6] meaning that Feanwâlden was from 2009 the official name for the village.

Notable buildingsEdit

 
Castle Skierstins
 
Church of St John

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Taalunie. "Friese namen" (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d G. van Berkel & K. Samplonius (2018). "Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard" (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  3. ^ Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2017 - CBS
  4. ^ a b c frieslandwonderland.nl. "Stichting Fryslâns Ferline; NoordBoek - Peter Karstkarel" (in Dutch). Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  5. ^ Gildemacher, Karel F. (2007). Friese plaatsnamen: alle steden, dorpen en gehuchten. Leeuwarden, Friese Pers/Noordboek (in Dutch)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-09-08. Retrieved 2021-04-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)