Fatemeh Haghighatjoo (also spelled Haghighatjou and Haqiqatju; Persian: فاطمه حقیقتجو, lit. 'Truth/Justice Seeker') is an Iranian scholar and reformist politician who represented Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr in the Iranian Parliament from 2000 to 2004. She left Iran in 2005 and currently resides in the United States, where she serves as the CEO and co-founder of the 501(c)(3) organization Nonviolent Initiative for Democracy (NID).
|Member of the Parliament of Iran|
26 May 2000 – 23 February 2004
|Constituency||Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr|
|Born||29 December 1968|
|Political party||Islamic Iran Participation Front|
(m. 2001; div. 2015)
|Residence||Needham, United States|
Early life and educationEdit
Haghighatjoo was born in 1968 in southern Tehran, the second of four daughters, and comes from a traditionalist middle class family. She lost her father in an accident when she was 6, and was brought up by her mother as a practising Muslim. She attended University of Tehran and Tarbiat Modarres University, gaining a degree in psychology and holding a Ph.D. in family counseling. She was a student activist with the Office for Strengthening Unity.
Haghighatjoo worked for Mohammad Khatami's presidential campaign, and joined Mosharekat party as a student leader. In 2000, she successfully ran for a seat in the Iranian Parliament and became the youngest female deputy.
An advocate of women's rights, reforms and democracy, she contributed proposing a bill to join Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. She was charged with Tahrif of the words of Ayatollah Khomeini and insulting Ali Khamenei in 2001 for what she said in a speech in Qazvin, eventually convicted of the latter charge and sentenced to ten months suspended imprisonment.
On 23 February 2004, she resigned from the parliament on the grounds that she is no longer able to keep her oath of office and as a sign of protest to "the incorrect, illegal and non-religious conduct of the appointed bodies [e.g. the Guardian Council and Judiciary] in recent years".
Haghighatjoo was a math teacher and then a counselor in a girls' high school, before being employed as a lecturer at University of Tehran and Shahid Beheshti University. She is also a former faculty member at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and the University of Connecticut and has had fellowship positions at Kennedy School of Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Center for International Studies.
She self-identifies as feminist. She told The Boston Globe in 2009 that she entered Parliament believing Islam and democracy could coexist; she left office believing in “separation of mosque and state.’’
- "Parliament members" (in Persian). Iranian Majlis. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Valentine M. Moghadam, Fatemeh Haghighatjoo (March 2016). "Women and Political Leadership in an Authoritarian Context: A Case Study of the Sixth Parliament in the Islamic Republic of Iran" (PDF). Politics & Gender. The Women and Politics Research Section of the American Political Science Association. 12 (1): 168–197. doi:10.1017/S1743923X15000598.
- Ziba Mir-Hosseini (Winter 2004). "Fatemeh Haqiqatjoo and the Sixth Majles: A Woman in Her Own Right". Middle East Report. Middle East Research and Information Project (233).
- James F. Smith (13 July 2009), "In exile, an Iranian 'lion' keeps fighting", The Boston Globe, retrieved 11 July 2017
- Brumberg, Daniel; Farhi, Farideh, eds. (2016). Power and Change in Iran: Politics of Contention and Conciliation. Indiana Series in Middle East Studies. Indiana University Press. p. 307. ISBN 9780253020796.