Fachrul Razi

Fachrul Razi (born 26 July 1947) is an Indonesian politician and retired army officer who serves as Indonesian Minister of Religious Affairs since 23 October 2019. He is only the third person of military background to occupy the office, the first since Navy retiree Tarmizi Taher (1993–1998), and the first Army general to do so since Alamsyah Ratu Perwiranegara (1978–1983).[1] As Tarmizi was a 2-star admiral and Alamsyah was a 3-star general, Fachrul – a 4-star general – is the highest-ranked military officer to have ever held this ministerial office.

Fachrul Razi
Official Portrait of Fachrul Razi.jpg
Portrait in 2019 as Minister of Religious Affairs
23rd Minister for Religious Affairs
Assumed office
23 October 2019
PresidentJoko Widodo
Vice PresidentMa'ruf Amin
Preceded byLukman Hakim Saifuddin
Personal details
Born (1947-07-26) 26 July 1947 (age 73)
Kutaradja, Sumatra, Indonesia
Political partyHanura
Military service
Allegiance Indonesia
Branch/serviceInsignia of the Indonesian Army.svg Indonesian Army
Years of service1970–2000
Rank22-TNI Army-GEN.svg General
CommandsDeputy Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces

Fachrul is the last Deputy Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (1999–2000) and is one of the founders of political party Hanura.

LifeEdit

Fachrul Razi was born in Banda Aceh, then named Kutaradja, on 26 July 1947. He is a Minangkabau descent from Maninjau, West Sumatra.[2] Razi graduated from the Indonesian Military Academy as part of its 1970 cohort.[3]

ArmyEdit

Throughout his career in the Indonesian Army, Razi specialized in infantry, and was promoted to starred rank around 1995–1996.[4] He commanded Indonesia's Garuda Contingent between August 1989 and September 1990 as part of the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group, while ranked lieutenant colonel.[5]

He became the governor of the military academy (1996–1997) and the operational assistant to the armed forces chief of staff (1997–1998), before eventually becoming chief of staff himself between 1998 and 1999. In 1999, he was made deputy commander under Admiral Widodo Adi Sutjipto. However, President Abdurrahman Wahid requested the abolishing of Razi's position, and in 2000 Razi was removed from his post.[6]

In a 2004 interview, Razi defended Wiranto's (then TNI commander) actions during the 1998 Jakarta riots, during which Razi was chief of staff.[7] Razi was part of a military council in 1998 which fired Prabowo Subianto from his position, and when a letter claimed to be the official letter of Prabowo's removal circulated in 2014, Razi confirmed its validity.[8]

Post-serviceEdit

After retiring from active service, Razi was appointed president commissioner at aquaculture company Central Proteina Prima. In 2015, he was also appointed to the position at state-owned company PT Antam. In addition, he also serves as president commissioner at Toba Sejahtera Group, which belongs to Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan.[9]

Razi became one of the founders of the People's Conscience Party (Hanura) in 2006[10] and in the 2009 Indonesian presidential election, Razi endorsed the Jusuf Kalla-Wiranto ticket.[11] He then endorsed Joko Widodo's successful run in the 2014 Indonesian presidential election,[12] and became an adviser for defense during the construction of the new cabinet.[13]

In the 2019 Indonesian presidential election, Razi led the "Bravo 5" team, composing of retired armed forces officers supporting Joko Widodo's ultimately successful reelection campaign.[14]

On 21 September 2020, Razi tested positive for COVID-19.[15]

Minister of Religious AffairsEdit

Razi was appointed Minister of Religious Affairs in the Developed Indonesia Cabinet on 23 October 2019 by the President of Indonesia, replacing Lukman Hakim Saifuddin.[16] Soon after his appointment, Razi floated a possible regulation banning the use of face veils and "cingkrang" trousers - articles often worn by Muslims - from being worn in government premises.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Muhammad Subarkah (23 October 2019). "Pancasila, Radikalisasi: Dari Alamsyah Hingga Fachrul Razi". Republika.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  2. ^ Menteri Agama Fachrul Razi, Jenderal Asal Maninjau di Kabinet Jokowi-Ma’ruf
  3. ^ Ratya, Mega Putra (2 September 2015). "Ini Profil Johny Lumintang dan Fahrul Razi yang Disebut Calon Pengganti Luhut". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Current Data on the Indonesian Military Elite, September 2005–March 2008". Indonesia. 85 (85): 79–121. April 2008. JSTOR 40376445.
  5. ^ "DAFTAR MILITARY OBSERVER YANG TELAH BEROPERASI DALAM PEMELIHARAAN PERDAMAIAN INTERNASIONAL" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Defense Ministry of Indonesia. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  6. ^ Suriyanto (2 September 2015). "Fachrul Razi: Korban Penghapusan Jabatan Wakil Panglima TNI". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Fachrul: Pangdam Jaya Tidak Memerlukan Penambahan Pasukan". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). 14 May 2004. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  8. ^ William, Anton (10 June 2014). "Ini Alasan Prabowo Dipecat sebagai Perwira". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  9. ^ Nugroho, Kukuh Bhimo (2 August 2016). "Ketika Para Jenderal (Terpaksa) Mencari "Sampingan"". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  10. ^ "SEJARAH PARTAI HANURA" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Perang 67 Pensiunan Jenderal Dimulai". KOMPAS (in Indonesian). 28 May 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Belasan Jenderal 'Berani Mati' dan Mantan Pejabat Tinggi Dukung Jokowi-JK". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). 23 May 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  13. ^ Prasetya, Eko (14 August 2014). "Jenderal Fachrul Razi jadi arsitek militer kabinet Jokowi". Merdeka (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  14. ^ Chairunnisa, Ninis (8 November 2018). "Fachrul Razi Ungkap Latar Belakang Terbentuknya Bravo 5 Jokowi". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  15. ^ https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/indonesia-religious-minister-third-positive-covid-19-13129996
  16. ^ "Indonesian President Jokowi announces new Cabinet". The Straits Times. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Indonesia's religious minister sparks debate over veil and trousers worn by Muslims". The Straits Times. 2 November 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2019.