Fachrul Razi (born 26 July 1947) is an Indonesian politician and retired army officer who serves as Indonesian Minister of Religious Affairs since 23 October 2019. He is only the third person of military background to occupy the office, the first since Navy retiree Tarmizi Taher (1993–1998), and the first Army general to do so since Alamsyah Ratu Perwiranegara (1978–1983). As Tarmizi was a 2-star admiral and Alamsyah was a 3-star general, Fachrul – a 4-star general – is the highest-ranked military officer to have ever held this ministerial office.
Portrait in 2019 as Minister of Religious Affairs
|23rd Minister for Religious Affairs|
|Assumed office |
23 October 2019
|Vice President||Ma'ruf Amin|
|Preceded by||Lukman Hakim Saifuddin|
|Born||26 July 1947|
Kutaradja, Sumatra, Indonesia
|Years of service||1970–2000|
|Commands||Deputy Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces|
Fachrul Razi was born in Banda Aceh, then named Kutaradja, on 26 July 1947. He is a Minangkabau descent from Maninjau, West Sumatra. Razi graduated from the Indonesian Military Academy as part of its 1970 cohort.
Throughout his career in the Indonesian Army, Razi specialized in infantry, and was promoted to starred rank around 1995–1996. He commanded Indonesia's Garuda Contingent between August 1989 and September 1990 as part of the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group, while ranked lieutenant colonel.
He became the governor of the military academy (1996–1997) and the operational assistant to the armed forces chief of staff (1997–1998), before eventually becoming chief of staff himself between 1998 and 1999. In 1999, he was made deputy commander under Admiral Widodo Adi Sutjipto. However, President Abdurrahman Wahid requested the abolishing of Razi's position, and in 2000 Razi was removed from his post.
In a 2004 interview, Razi defended Wiranto's (then TNI commander) actions during the 1998 Jakarta riots, during which Razi was chief of staff. Razi was part of a military council in 1998 which fired Prabowo Subianto from his position, and when a letter claimed to be the official letter of Prabowo's removal circulated in 2014, Razi confirmed its validity.
After retiring from active service, Razi was appointed president commissioner at aquaculture company Central Proteina Prima. In 2015, he was also appointed to the position at state-owned company PT Antam. In addition, he also serves as president commissioner at Toba Sejahtera Group, which belongs to Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan.
Razi became one of the founders of the People's Conscience Party (Hanura) in 2006 and in the 2009 Indonesian presidential election, Razi endorsed the Jusuf Kalla-Wiranto ticket. He then endorsed Joko Widodo's successful run in the 2014 Indonesian presidential election, and became an adviser for defense during the construction of the new cabinet.
In the 2019 Indonesian presidential election, Razi led the "Bravo 5" team, composing of retired armed forces officers supporting Joko Widodo's ultimately successful reelection campaign.
Minister of Religious AffairsEdit
Razi was appointed Minister of Religious Affairs in the Developed Indonesia Cabinet on 23 October 2019 by the President of Indonesia, replacing Lukman Hakim Saifuddin. Soon after his appointment, Razi floated a possible regulation banning the use of face veils and "cingkrang" trousers - articles often worn by Muslims - from being worn in government premises.
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- Menteri Agama Fachrul Razi, Jenderal Asal Maninjau di Kabinet Jokowi-Ma’ruf
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- Prasetya, Eko (14 August 2014). "Jenderal Fachrul Razi jadi arsitek militer kabinet Jokowi". Merdeka (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- Chairunnisa, Ninis (8 November 2018). "Fachrul Razi Ungkap Latar Belakang Terbentuknya Bravo 5 Jokowi". Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Indonesian President Jokowi announces new Cabinet". The Straits Times. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
- "Indonesia's religious minister sparks debate over veil and trousers worn by Muslims". The Straits Times. 2 November 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2019.