Indonesian Military Academy
The Military Academy (Indonesian: Akademi Militer or Akmil) is a military academy of the Indonesian Army, part of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Academy System or the AKABRI. Founded on the early stages of the Indonesian Revolutionary War and located in the city of Magelang in Central Java, its alumni forms a professional officer cadre for the army, with all Indonesian Army Chiefs of Staff since 1988 having graduated from Akmil.
Akademi Militer Tentara Nasional Indonesia
|Motto||धिकाऱ्या महत्व विर्य नगरभक्ति - Adhitakarya Mahatvavirya Nagarabhakti (Sanskrit)|
|Established||31 October 1945|
|Superintendent||MG Arif Rahman, Governor of the Academy|
|Dean||BGEN R. Wisnoe Prasetja Boedi, S.Ip, MM, Vice Governor of the Academy|
|Colors||Blue and White|
|Affiliations||Indonesian National Armed Forces Academies|
In October 1945, several months after the Indonesian declaration of independence, then-Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Armed Forces Oerip Soemohardjo ordered the establishment of a military academy, which was called the Militaire Academie and was based in Yogyakarta. On the aftermath of a ceasefire with the Dutch armed forces in 1949, interest in the school dropped with only 9 cadets in Class 3 (1949 intake) compared to 200 in Class 2 (1946 intake),:9–10 and the academy was closed in 1950 with remaining students sent to the Dutch Koninklijke Militaire Academie. In the following years, several army officer schools would pop out in Indonesia.
Partly in effort to transform a regional, guerilla force into a professional, national military, the then Chief of Staff of the Army Abdul Haris Nasution established the National Military Academy (Akademi Militer Nasional), which was officially opened on 11 November 1957 and included Mount Tidar in its premises within Magelang giving the academy its nickname of Lembah Tidar (Tidar Valley), modeled on the United States Military Academy. The first cadets to graduate from this new institution in 1960 was recognized as Class 4 and numbered 59 graduating officers. Soon in 1961, the Indonesian Army Military Technical Academy (ATEKAD) based in Bandung was merged with the school and the cadets transferred to Magelang. Later, it was integrated with the Indonesian Naval Academy (Akademi Angkatan Laut), Air Force Academy (Akademi Angkatan Udara) and the Police Academy (Akademi Angkatan Kepolisian) to form the Indonesia National Armed Forces Academy System (AKABRI) in 1965.:38
In 1984, reorganization of the armed forces resulted in the academy renamed to its current form, the Military Academy Magelang (Akademi Militer). The Taruna Nusantara high school, established in 1990 by Akmil alumni Try Sutrisno and located just outside the military academy, was created in order to attract young talent to the academy.:54–55 After the reformation and the removal of dwifungsi, the Police Academy was separated from AKABRI leaving Akmil, AAU, and AAL within the structure.
Starting in 2011, graduates of the academy were awarded a bachelor's degree (in applied defence sciences, Indonesian: Sarjana Sains Terapan Pertahanan) along with other academies in AKABRI. In 2017, the academy had its first female graduates, among a graduating class of 225 cadets.
The Academy also has links with military academies in the Asia-Pacific, the United States Military Academy and the Royal Military College of Canada and thus also has a sizable number of foreign exchange cadets who graduate as Second Lieutenants and with a bachelor's degree and thus return to their countries of origin to serve in their ground forces. Given its Dutch traditions as a former colonial territory the academy is also linked with the Koninklijke Militaire Academie in Breda, The Netherlands.
At the end of their final year, the cadets, after finishing their final exams, march out of the Academy fields in July in their graduation parade, and graduate within days in a national ceremony in Jakarta's Independence Palace, wherein valedictorian receives his/her Second Lieutenant shoulder board from the President of Indonesia, while salutatorian recites with his/her fellow graduates the commissioned officers' oath of office.
Wiranto, chairman of Hanura and Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs
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