Open main menu

The Military Academy (Indonesian: Akademi Militer or Akmil) is a military academy of the Indonesian Army, part of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Academy System or the AKABRI. Founded on the early stages of the Indonesian Revolutionary War and located in the city of Magelang in Central Java, its alumni forms a professional officer cadre for the army, with all Indonesian Army Chiefs of Staff since 1988 having graduated from Akmil.[2]

Military Academy
Akademi Militer Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Logo Akmil.jpg
Mottoधिकाऱ्या महत्व विर्य नगरभक्ति - Adhitakarya Mahatvavirya Nagarabhakti (Sanskrit)[1]
TypeMilitary academy
Established31 October 1945
SuperintendentMG Arif Rahman, Governor of the Academy
DeanBGEN R. Wisnoe Prasetja Boedi, S.Ip, MM, Vice Governor of the Academy
Location,
7°30′10″S 110°12′47″E / 7.502708°S 110.213055°E / -7.502708; 110.213055Coordinates: 7°30′10″S 110°12′47″E / 7.502708°S 110.213055°E / -7.502708; 110.213055
ColorsBlue and White
AffiliationsIndonesian National Armed Forces Academies
Websitewww.akmil.ac.id

HistoryEdit

In October 1945, several months after the Indonesian declaration of independence, then-Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Armed Forces Oerip Soemohardjo ordered the establishment of a military academy, which was called the Militaire Academie and was based in Yogyakarta. On the aftermath of a ceasefire with the Dutch armed forces in 1949, interest in the school dropped with only 9 cadets in Class 3 (1949 intake) compared to 200 in Class 2 (1946 intake),[3]:9–10 and the academy was closed in 1950 with remaining students sent to the Dutch Koninklijke Militaire Academie. In the following years, several army officer schools would pop out in Indonesia.[4]

Partly in effort to transform a regional, guerilla force into a professional, national military, the then Chief of Staff of the Army Abdul Haris Nasution established the National Military Academy (Akademi Militer Nasional), which was officially opened on 11 November 1957 and included Mount Tidar in its premises within Magelang giving the academy its nickname of Lembah Tidar (Tidar Valley), modeled on the United States Military Academy.[5] The first cadets to graduate from this new institution in 1960 was recognized as Class 4 and numbered 59 graduating officers. Soon in 1961, the Indonesian Army Military Technical Academy (ATEKAD) based in Bandung was merged with the school and the cadets transferred to Magelang. Later, it was integrated with the Indonesian Naval Academy (Akademi Angkatan Laut), Air Force Academy (Akademi Angkatan Udara) and the Police Academy (Akademi Angkatan Kepolisian) to form the Indonesia National Armed Forces Academy System (AKABRI) in 1965.[4][6]:38

In 1984, reorganization of the armed forces resulted in the academy renamed to its current form, the Military Academy Magelang (Akademi Militer). The Taruna Nusantara high school, established in 1990 by Akmil alumni Try Sutrisno and located just outside the military academy, was created in order to attract young talent to the academy.[7]:54–55 After the reformation and the removal of dwifungsi, the Police Academy was separated from AKABRI leaving Akmil, AAU, and AAL within the structure.[4]

Recent developmentsEdit

 
Front view of the academy in Magelang

Starting in 2011, graduates of the academy were awarded a bachelor's degree (in applied defence sciences, Indonesian: Sarjana Sains Terapan Pertahanan) along with other academies in AKABRI.[8] In 2017, the academy had its first female graduates,[9] among a graduating class of 225 cadets.[10]

AcademicsEdit

 
Indonesian Military cadets in parade uniform during the Indonesian independence day ceremony in the Merdeka Palace in Jakarta

Just like so many military academies in the world, the Indonesian Military Academy Magelang is a medium-sized, highly residential baccalaureate college, with a full-time, four-year undergraduate program that emphasizes instruction in the arts, sciences, and professions with a graduate program, preparing men and women to take on the challenge of being officers of the Indonesian Army. The academy is accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education. Cadets who passed the initial selection process will first attend a 1-year basic program in the premises of the Academy with students from the Air Force, Naval and Police academies, and remain there for the remainder of their studies.

The Academy also has links with military academies in the Asia-Pacific, the United States Military Academy and the Royal Military College of Canada and thus also has a sizable number of foreign exchange cadets who graduate as Second Lieutenants and with a bachelor's degree and thus return to their countries of origin to serve in their ground forces. Given its Dutch traditions as a former colonial territory the academy is also linked with the Koninklijke Militaire Academie in Breda, The Netherlands.[11]

At the end of their final year, the cadets, after finishing their final exams, march out of the Academy fields in July in their graduation parade, and graduate within days in a national ceremony in Jakarta's Independence Palace, wherein valedictorian receives his/her Second Lieutenant shoulder board from the President of Indonesia, while salutatorian recites with his/her fellow graduates the commissioned officers' oath of office.[12]

Notable alumniEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lambang". Akademi Militer Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Alumni". Akademi Militer. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  3. ^ Akademi Militer Nasional Indonesia, tahun 1962 (in Indonesian). Akademi Militer Nasional. 1962. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Sejarah". Akademi Militer. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  5. ^ Bachtiar, Imelda (10 November 2016). "59 Tahun Akademi Militer: Menjadi Indonesia dari Lembah Tidar" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  6. ^ Kammen, Douglas; Chandra, Siddharth (2010). A tour of duty : changing patterns of military politics in Indonesia in the 1990s (1st Equinox ed.). Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur: Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9786028397131.
  7. ^ Haseman, Angel Rabasa, John (2002). The Military and Democracy in Indonesia Challenges, Politics, and Power. Santa Monica: RAND. ISBN 9780833034021.
  8. ^ "Hore! Lulusan Akademi TNI Dapat Gelar Sarjana". detiknews (in Indonesian). DetikNews. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  9. ^ Sipasulta, Nathazha; Timur, Fitri Bintang (5 August 2017). "Welcome first female military academy graduates". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  10. ^ Safutra, Ilham (26 July 2017). "Mantan Office Boy Raih Adhi Makayasa AAL" (in Indonesian). JawaPos. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  11. ^ "UPAYA TNI DALAM MENINGKATKAN WAWASAN INTERNATIONAL TARUNA AKADEMI MILITER MAGELANG" (in Indonesian). Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  12. ^ Suhada, Amirullah (25 July 2017). "Presiden Jokowi Hari Ini Lantik 729 Taruna dan Taruni TNI-Polri" (in Indonesian). Tempo. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

External linksEdit