United States Army Forces Command

  (Redirected from FORSCOM)

United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) is the largest United States Army command. It provides expeditionary, regionally engaged, campaign-capable land forces to combatant commanders. Headquartered at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, FORSCOM consists of more than 750,000 active Army, U.S. Army Reserve, and Army National Guard soldiers. FORSCOM was created on 1 July 1973 from the former Continental Army Command.

United States Army Forces Command
United States Army Forces Command SSI.svg
Active1973–present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeArmy Command
RoleProvide combat-ready army forces to Geographic Combatant Commands[1]
Garrison/HQFort Bragg
Motto(s)Freedom's Guardian
Websitewww.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/FORSCOM/
Commanders
Commanding GeneralGEN Michael X. Garrett[2]
Deputy Commanding GeneralLTG Leopoldo A. Quintas
Notable
commanders
Complete list of commanders[3]
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia
FORSCOM DUI.gif

Mission and visionEdit

The mission is: "Forces Command trains and prepares a combat ready, globally responsive Total Force in order to build and sustain readiness to meet Combatant Command requirements."

The vision is to: "[produce] combat ready and globally responsive Total Army Forces that are well led, disciplined, trained, and expeditionary…ready now to deploy and win in Large Scale Combat Operations against near-peer threats."


OverviewEdit

The Command is focussed on the transformation of the Army into a more deployable and maneuverable lethal force. This shift to a modular force design increases the number of units available to support regional combatant commanders.

The capabilities of the new brigade-level formations – armor, infantry, airborne, air assault and Stryker – ensure greater flexibility and enhance FORSCOM's ability to deploy trained and ready forces quickly.

FORSCOM has major units located at 15 installations, including the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, California and the Joint Readiness Training Center at Fort Polk, Louisiana.

Following the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, the Command moved from Fort McPherson, Georgia to a new headquarters facility at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, in June 2011. The Command hosted a "Casing of the Colors" ceremony on 24 June 2011 at Fort McPherson, and an "Uncasing of Colors" on 1 Aug. 2011 at Fort Bragg.

LineageEdit

  • U.S. Army Ground Forces, 1942–1948
  • U.S. Army Field Forces, 1948–1955
  • Continental Army Command (CONARC), 1955–1973
  • U.S. Army Forces Command, 1973–1987
  • U.S. Forces Command (Specified Command), 1987–1993
  • U.S. Army Forces Command, 1993–present

Active componentEdit

During the Cold War, Forces Command supervised a number of armies each responsible for areas of the continental United States: First Army, Fourth Army, Fifth Army, and Sixth Army, at various times. Their responsibilities varied over time, but from the 1980s to the mid-1990s covered Reserve Component training supervision. FORSCOM currently commands U.S. Army Reserve Command, and First Army.

FORSCOM also commands three Army corps: I Corps at Fort Lewis, Washington; III Corps at Fort Hood, Texas; and XVIII Airborne Corps at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Together the three corps include nine divisions, one cavalry regiment, 37 support brigades of various types, and a range of other corps combat, combat support and combat service support units.

First U.S. Army is responsible for training, mobilization and deployment support to Reserve Component and National Guard units in FORSCOM. They also execute FORSCOM missions within their geographic areas of responsibility. First U.S. Army at Rock Island Army Arsenal, Ill., reports to FORSCOM. It is responsible for the training, mobilization and deployment support for reserve component units in FORSCOM. It executes missions within the continental United States and Puerto Rico.

United States Army ReserveEdit

A major subordinate command is the United States Army Reserve Command (USARC), also headquartered in the same building as FORSCOM at Fort Bragg, N.C.[4] It commands all Army Reserve units in the continental United States, except those assigned to Special Operations Command. The Army Reserve strength stands at about 179,000 soldiers.

Army National GuardEdit

The Army National Guard provides Forces Command a balanced force of eight National Guard combat divisions, 15 brigades, and extensive combat support and combat service support units.

The current FORSCOM Army National Guard strength is approximately 351,000 soldiers. Mobilizing the Army National Guard into active federal service would bring the total strength of FORSCOM to nearly two-thirds of the Army's combat ground forces.

Subordinate unitsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.forscom.army.mil/Pages/About
  2. ^ (16 October 2018) Fort Bragg-based FORSCOM to get its first female commander
  3. ^ Lt. Gen. Michael Garrett Nominated to Lead FORSCOM
  4. ^ "FORSCOM Command Team Visits Fort Bragg, New Headquarters Site". army.mil. Retrieved 5 April 2018.

External linksEdit