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1st Infantry Division Artillery (United States)

The 1st Infantry Division Artillery (DIVARTY) is the divisional artillery command and force fires headquarters for the 1st Infantry Division at Fort Riley, Kansas. The DIVARTY has served with the division from 1917–1939, 1940–1995, 1996–2005, and reactivated in October 2015. The unit has been stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas, and in Germany, and has seen combat in World War I, World War II, the Vietnam War, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The DIVARTY provides a single proponent with the division for standardized fires certification and leader development while exemplifying effective mission command, and supporting the seamless cross-attachment of units with common procedures and a shared understanding of the fires warfighting capabilities.

1st Infantry Division Artillery
1stInfDivArtyDUI.png
Distinctive unit insignia
Active 1917–1939
1940–1995
1996–2005
2015 – present
Country United States United States of America
Branch  United States Army
Type USA - Army Field Artillery Insignia.svg Field artillery
Role Division force fires HQ
Size Brigade
Part of 1st Infantry Division
Garrison/HQ Fort Riley, Kansas
Nickname(s) "Drumfire"
Equipment M109A6 howitzer
Engagements World War I
World War II
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
Current
commander
COL Thomas R. Bolen
Command Sergeant Major CSM Jonathan D. Stephens
Notable
commanders
MG John Shirley Wood, 1940–41
MG Richard Longo, 2003–05

Contents

HistoryEdit

World War I[1]Edit

InterwarEdit

On 7 October 1920, the 1st Field Artillery Brigade organized under the peacetime TO&E, which included two light (75mm) regiments, and ammunition train of battalion size and a medical detachment. In 1929, the medium (155mm) regiment returned to the brigade. Due to budgetary constraints, none of the units were manned or equipped to wartime strength. [2] The 1st Division adopted a new peacetime TO&E in preparation for war on 8 January 1940, which included one light field artillery regiment of three battalions and one medium field artillery regiment of two battalions. The 1st Infantry Division reorganized again on 1 November 1940 to a new TO&E, which reorganized the Artillery Brigade into a division artillery command led by a brigadier general with one medium and three light field artillery battalions.

World War II[3]Edit

Vietnam War[4]Edit

  •   Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery

Cold War & Gulf WarEdit

  •   Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery
    •   1st Battalion, 5th Field Artillery (155mm)
    •   2nd Battalion, 5th Field Artillery (155mm)
    •   4th Battalion, 5th Field Artillery (155mm)
    •   Battery B, 6th Field Artillery Regiment (MLRS)
    •   Battery D, 25th Field Artillery Regiment (Target Acquisition)

Global War on TerrorEdit

  •   Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery
    •   1st Battalion, 5th Field Artillery (155mm)
    •   1st Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)

Lineage & honorsEdit

LineageEdit

  • Constituted 24 May 1917 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, 1st Field Artillery Brigade, and assigned to the 1st Expeditionary Division
  • Partially organized in June 1917 at Washington, D.C.; organization completed in August 1917 in France
  • Disbanded 16 October 1939 at Fort Hoyle, Maryland
  • Reconstituted 10 September 1940 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Division Artillery
  • Activated 1 October 1940 at Madison Barracks, New York
  • Reorganized and redesignated 15 February 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery
  • Inactivated 15 November 1995 at Fort Riley, Kansas
  • Activated 16 February 1996 in Germany[5]
  • Inactivated 15 February 2006 in Germany[6]
  • Activated 16 October 2015 at Fort Riley, Kansas[7]

Campaign creditEdit

Conflict Streamer Year(s)
World War I
 
Montdidier-Noyon 1918
Aisne-Marne 1918
St. Mihiel 1918
Meuse-Argonne 1918
Lorraine 1917 1917
Lorraine 1918 1918
Picardy 1918 1918
World War II
 
 
Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead) 1942
Tunisia 1942
Sicily (with arrowhead) 1943
Normandy (with arrowhead) 1944
Northern France 1944
Rhineland 1945
Ardennes-Alsace 1944–1945
Central Europe 1945
Vietnam War
 
Defense 1965
Counteroffensive 1965–1966
Counteroffensive, Phase II 1966–1967
Counteroffensive, Phase III 1967–1968
Tet Counteroffensive 1968
Counteroffensive, Phase IV 1968
Counteroffensive, Phase V 1968
Counteroffensive, Phase VI 1968–1969
Tet 69/Counteroffensive 1969
Summer-Fall 1969 1969
Winter-Spring 1970 1969–1970
Gulf War
 
Defense of Saudi Arabia 1990–1991
Liberation and Defense of Kuwait 1991
Ceasefire 1991
Global War On Terrorism
 
 
Global War on Terrorism 2001–present
Operation Iraqi Freedom
 
Iraqi Governance 2004
National Resolution 2005

DecorationsEdit

Ribbon Award Year Notes
  Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) VIETNAM 1968
  Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) SOUTHWEST ASIA
  Army Superior Unit Award (Army) 1997
  French Croix de Guerre, with Palm KASSERINE
  French Croix de Guerre, with Palm NORMANDY
  French Croix de Guerre,
World War II, Fourragere
  Belgian Fourragere 1940
Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army For action at MONS
Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army For action at EUPEN-MALMEDY
  Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry, with Palm 1965–1968 For service in Vietnam
  Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Unit Citation 1965–1970 For service in Vietnam

Distinctive unit insigniaEdit

 

  • Description/blazon: A red increscent with the human portion of a centaur issuant with drawn bow and arrow all in gold partially superimposed and between the cusps of the increscent. The insignia is 1 3/32 inches (2.78 cm) in width
  • Symbolism: The 1st Field Artillery Brigade had in its organization the 6th and 7th Field Artillery Regiments and the badge consists of a charge from the shield of the coat of arms of the 7th Field Artillery and a portion of the crest of the 6th Field Artillery Regiment, to show the brigade's connection with these units
  • Background: The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 1st Field Artillery Brigade on 17 August 1928. It was redesignated for Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery on 28 December 1954.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ORDER OF BATTLE OF THE UNITED STATES LAND FORCES IN THE WORLD WAR p2
  2. ^ The US Army Order of Battle from 1919-1941 p697-703
  3. ^ Stanton, Shelby L. (1984). World War II Order of Battle. New York, New York: Galahad Books.
  4. ^ Stanton, Shelby L. (1984). Vietnam Order of Battle. New York, New York: Galahad Books.
  5. ^ "Lineage and Honors Information: Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Infantry Division Artillery." U.S. Army Center for Military History. 24 September 1996. Web. Accessed 16 November 2015. <http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/div/001ida.htm>.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ Robson, Seth. "1st ID's Division Artillery is inactivated." Stars and Stripes. 17 February 2006. Web. Accessed 16 November 2015. <http://www.stripes.com/news/1st-id-s-division-artillery-is-inactivated-1.45051>.
  7. ^ "Division Artillery returns to 'Big Red One': unit's activation set for Oct. 16." www.army.mil: The Official Homepage of the United States Army. 6 October 2015. Web. Accessed 16 November 2015. <http://www.stripes.com/news/1st-id-s-division-artillery-is-inactivated-1.45051>.
  8. ^ "1st Infantry Division Artillery." The Institute of Heraldry. n.d. Web. Accessed 16 November 2015. <http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Catalog/Heraldry.aspx?HeraldryId=5332&CategoryId=3038&grp=2&menu=Uniformed%20Services>.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External linksEdit