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Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal (French for: National Factory of Herstal), self identified as FN Herstal and often referred to as Fabrique Nationale or simply FN, is a leading firearms manufacturer located in Herstal, Belgium, and is owned by the holding company Herstal Group which is owned by the regional government of Wallonia.[1] It is currently the largest exporter of military small arms in Europe.[2]

FN Herstal, S.A.
Native name
French: Fabrique nationale d'Herstal
Formerly called
Fabrique Nationale
S.A.
Industry Firearms
Founded 3 July 1889; 128 years ago (1889-07-03)
Founder Leopold II
Henri Pieper
Headquarters Herstal, Wallonia, Belgium
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Jean-Sébastien Belle (President)
John Browning
Alexandre Galopin
Dieudonne Saive
Products Firearms, Ammunitions
Parent Herstal Group
Website www.fnherstal.com (Belgium)
www.fnamerica.com (US)
www.fnhuk.com (UK)

FN is a subsidiary of the Belgian Herstal Group, which also owns U.S. Repeating Arms Company (Winchester) and Browning Arms Company.[1] FN America is the American subsidiary of FN Herstal; FN America was formed by the merger of FN's previous two American subsidiaries: FN Manufacturing and FNH USA.[3] FN Manufacturing, located in Columbia, South Carolina, was the manufacturing branch of FN Herstal in the United States, producing firearms such as the M249 and M240 machine guns and the M16 rifle, among others.[3] FNH USA, located in McLean, Virginia, was the sales and marketing branch of FN Herstal in the United States.[3] After the merger, the facilities in South Carolina and Virginia remained, but with integrated management.[3]

View of the factory site

Firearms designed and/or manufactured by FN include the Browning Hi-Power and FN Five-seveN pistols, FAL, FNC and F2000 rifles, P90 submachine gun, and M2 Browning, MAG and Minimi machine guns[1]: all have been commercially successful.[4] FN Herstal's firearms are used by the militaries of over 100 countries.[5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
1913 FN motorcycle with four-cylinder in-line engine and shaft drive
 
1931 FN cabriolet

FN originated in the small city of Herstal, near Liège. The Fabrique Nationale d'Armes de Guerre (French for National Factory of Weapons of War) was established in 1889 to manufacture 150,000 Mauser Model 89 rifles ordered by the Belgian Government.[1] FN was co-founded by the major arms makers of the Liège region, with Henri Pieper of Anciens Etablissements Pieper being the driving force and the primary shareholder of the new company. In 1897 the company entered into a long-lasting relationship with John Moses Browning, a well-known firearms designer.[1] FN was an important manufacturer of motor vehicles in Belgium, a development championed by Alexandre Galopin as managing director. Cars were produced in Herstal in the early 1900s until 1935. Production of FN motorcycles continued until 1965, and production of trucks until 1970.[6] In 1973, FN changed its name to reflect a product line diversified far beyond just "weapons of war", adopting the current name of Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal.[7]

One of Fabrique Nationale's handguns, a Model 1910 semi-automatic pistol in 9×17mm (.380 ACP) (serial number 19074) was one of four weapons that were taken from the assassins of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, although it is unknown which of the four weapons fired the fatal round.

John Moses Browning began development of the Browning GP35 'High Power' (sometimes written as Hi-Power) pistol, the GP standing for Grande Puissance or "high power" in French. However, the weapon was finalized by Dieudonné Saive and did not appear until nearly a decade after Browning's death.

The FN Manufacturing LLC plant in Columbia, South Carolina is part of the military division of FN. It is primarily responsible for the production of U.S. military weapons, such as M16 rifles, M249 light machine guns, M240 machine guns, and M2 machine guns.[1]

FN Herstal weaponsEdit

 
FN Five-seven pistol with 5.7×28mm cartridges
 
FN P90 submachine gun
 
FN FNC rifle equipped with bayonet
 
United States sailor fires an M240B, a U.S. version of the FN MAG, adopted for infantry use in the 1990s
 
Early M249 manufacture of FN Minimi
 
FN 5.7×28mm cartridges as used in P90 submachine gun and Five-seven pistol

HandgunsEdit

Submachine gunsEdit

RiflesEdit

Bolt-action riflesEdit

Machine gunsEdit

ShotgunsEdit

  • P-12: 12-gauge pump-action shotgun with 18-inch barrel and 5-round capacity.
  • SLP (Self-Loading Police): 12-gauge gas-operated semi-automatic shotgun offered in four different models with various barrel lengths, sight options, and capacities. Introduced in 2008, and named "2009 Shotgun of the Year" by American Rifleman magazine.[16]
  • TPS (Tactical Police Shotgun): 12-gauge pump-action shotgun with 5 or 8-round capacity. It is an upgraded version of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company Winchester 1300.
  • Browning Auto-5 recoil-operated semi-automatic shotgun with 5-round capacity, designed by John Browning.

Helicopter and aircraft weapon systemsEdit

  • FN HMP250: Heavy Machine Gun Pod. It is a system featuring a .50 cal FN M3P machine gun, a 275-round ammunition box, and a links and cases collector.[17]
  • FN HMP400: Heavy Machine Gun Pod. It is a system featuring a .50 cal FN M3P machine gun, a 400-round ammunition box capacity, and a links or links and cases collector.[17]
  • FN RMP: Rocket Machine Gun Pod. It is system comprising a 12.7mm (.50 caliber) FN M3P machine gun, a NATO Standard 2.75inch/70mm 3-tube rocket launcher and a 400-round machine gun ammunition box.[18]

MiscellaneousEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Herstal Group: About Us". FN Herstal. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  2. ^ "Les armes belges, un business juteux" (in French). La Dernière Heure (DHnet). December 31, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "FN Manufacturing and FNH USA to consolidate U.S. Operations". FN Herstal. June 6, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Miller, David (2001). The Illustrated Directory of 20th Century Guns. Salamander Books Ltd. ISBN 1-84065-245-4.
  5. ^ "Report: Profiling the Small Arms Industry - World Policy Institute - Research Project". World Policy Institute. November 2000. Retrieved 2010-07-15. 
  6. ^ Francotte, Auguste; Gaier, Claude; Karlshausen, Robert (2008). Ars Mechanica. Herstal Group. ISBN 978-2-87415-877-3. 
  7. ^ Stevens, R. Blake The Browning High Power Automatic Pistol. Collector Grade Publications (1990). ISBN 978-0-88935-089-2.
  8. ^ a b Tirans, Ivars (2009). "Baltic Defence Research and Technology 2009 Conference Proceedings". Military Review: Scientific Journal for Security and Defence (ISSN 1407-1746), Nr. 3/4 (132/133), p 103.
  9. ^ Arnold, David W. "Classic Handguns of the 20th Century: The Browning HI-Power". Handguns Magazine. Archived from the original on 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  10. ^ a b Hogg, Ian (2002). Jane's Guns Recognition Guide. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-00-712760-X.
  11. ^ https://fnamerica.com/rifles/fn-15-series/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Army Awards New M4/M4A1 Contract to FN - Kit Up!". 23 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "IDEX 2015". 
  14. ^ a b "FN Manufacturing, LLC: Products - MK48 MOD 1". FN Manufacturing, LLC. 2010. Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Fabrique Nationale FN M3P Belt-Fed Vehicle Heavy Machine Gun (HMG)". militaryfactory.com. 18 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "FNH USA Shotguns - SLP". FNH USA. 2012. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "FN HERSTAL - Helicopter and Aircraft Weapon Systems". airforce-technology.com. [unreliable source?]
  18. ^ "FN HERSTAL - Helicopter and Aircraft Weapon Systems". airforce-technology.com. Retrieved March 25, 2015. [unreliable source?]
  19. ^ "FNH USA Ammunition - 5.7x28mm". FNH USA. 2013. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  20. ^ "FNH USA Less Lethal Products - FN 303 System". FNH USA. 2013. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 
  21. ^ "FNH USA Less Lethal Products - FN 303 P Series". FNH USA. 2013. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013. 

External linksEdit