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The FIFA U-20 World Cup is the biennial football world championship for male players under the age of 20, organised by FIFA. The competition has been staged every two years since the first tournament in 1977 held in Tunisia.[1] Until 2005 it was known as the FIFA World Youth Championship.

FIFA U-20 World Cup
Founded1977; 42 years ago (1977)
RegionInternational (FIFA)
Number of teams24
Current champions Ukraine (1st title)
Most successful team(s) Argentina (6 titles)
WebsiteU-20 World Cup
2021 FIFA U-20 World Cup

Contents

HistoryEdit

In the twenty-two tournaments held, eleven different nations have won the title. Argentina is the most successful team with six titles, followed by Brazil with five titles. Portugal and Serbia have both won two titles (with the latter winning once as Yugoslavia), while Ghana, Germany, Spain, France, England, Ukraine and Russia (as the USSR with Ukrainian players Bessonov, Bal) have won the title once each.

A corresponding event for women's teams, the FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, began in 2002 with the name "FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship" and an age limit of 19. The age limit for the women's competition was changed to 20 beginning with the 2006 FIFA U-20 Women's World Championship, and the competition was renamed as a "World Cup" in 2007 in preparation for the 2008 event.

QualificationEdit

24 teams appear in the final tournament. 23 countries, including the defending champions, have to qualify in the youth championships of the six confederations. The host country automatically qualifies.

Confederation Championship
AFC (Asia) AFC U-19 Championship
CAF (Africa) African Youth Championship
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) CONCACAF Under-20 Championship
CONMEBOL (South America) South American Youth Championship
UEFA (Europe) UEFA European U-19 Championship
OFC (Oceania) OFC Under 20 Qualifying Tournament

ResultsEdit

SummariesEdit

FIFA World Youth ChampionshipEdit

# Year Hosts Final Third place match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1 1977
Details
  Tunisia  
Soviet Union
2–2 (a.e.t.)
9–8 (p)
 
Mexico
 
Brazil
4–0  
Uruguay
16
2 1979
Details
  Japan  
Argentina
3–1  
Soviet Union
 
Uruguay
1–1 (a.e.t.)
5–3 (p)
 
Poland
16
3 1981
Details
  Australia  
West Germany
4–0  
Qatar
 
Romania
1–0  
England
16
4 1983
Details
  Mexico  
Brazil
1–0  
Argentina
 
Poland
2–1 (a.e.t.)  
South Korea
16
5 1985
Details
  Soviet Union  
Brazil
1–0 (a.e.t.)  
Spain
 
Nigeria
0–0 (a.e.t.)
3–1 (p)
 
Soviet Union
16
6 1987
Details
  Chile  
Yugoslavia
1–1 (a.e.t.)
5–4 (p)
 
West Germany
 
East Germany
2–2 (a.e.t.)
3–1 (p)
 
Chile
16
7 1989
Details
  Saudi Arabia  
Portugal
2–0  
Nigeria
 
Brazil
2–0  
United States
16
8 1991
Details
  Portugal  
Portugal
0–0 (a.e.t.)
4–2 (p)
 
Brazil
 
Soviet Union
1–1 (a.e.t.)
5–4 (p)
 
Australia
16
9 1993
Details
  Australia  
Brazil
2–1  
Ghana
 
England
2–1  
Australia
16
10 1995
Details
  Qatar  
Argentina
2–0  
Brazil
 
Portugal
3–2  
Spain
16
11 1997
Details
  Malaysia  
Argentina
2–1  
Uruguay
 
Republic of Ireland
2–1  
Ghana
24
12 1999
Details
  Nigeria  
Spain
4–0  
Japan
 
Mali
1–0  
Uruguay
24
13 2001
Details
  Argentina  
Argentina
3–0  
Ghana
 
Egypt
1–0  
Paraguay
24
14 2003
Details
  United Arab Emirates  
Brazil
1–0  
Spain
 
Colombia
2–1  
Argentina
24
15 2005
Details
  Netherlands  
Argentina
2–1  
Nigeria
 
Brazil
2–1  
Morocco
24

FIFA U-20 World CupEdit

# Year Hosts Final Third place match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
16 2007
Details
  Canada  
Argentina
2–1  
Czech Republic
 
Chile
1–0  
Austria
24
17 2009
Details
  Egypt  
Ghana
0–0 (a.e.t.)
4–3 (p)
 
Brazil
 
Hungary
1–1 (a.e.t.)
2–0 (p)
 
Costa Rica
24
18 2011
Details
  Colombia  
Brazil
3–2 (a.e.t.)  
Portugal
 
Mexico
3–1  
France
24
19 2013
Details
  Turkey  
France
0–0 (a.e.t.)
4–1 (p)
 
Uruguay
 
Ghana
3–0  
Iraq
24
20 2015
Details
  New Zealand  
Serbia
2–1 (a.e.t.)  
Brazil
 
Mali
3–1  
Senegal
24
21 2017
Details
  South Korea  
England
1–0  
Venezuela
 
Italy
0–0 (a.e.t.)
4–1 (p)
 
Uruguay
24
22 2019
Details
  Poland  
Ukraine
3–1  
South Korea
 
Ecuador
1–0 (a.e.t.)  
Italy
24
23 2021
Details
24
  • Key:
    • a.e.t. – after extra time
    • pen. – match won on penalty shootout

Performances by countriesEdit

Below are the 37 nations that have reached at least the semifinal in the U-20 World Cup finals.

FIFA U-20 World Cup
Rank Team Titles Runners-up Third place Fourth place Total (top four)
1   Argentina 6 (1979, 1995, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2007) 1 (1983) 1 (2003) 8
2   Brazil 5 (1983, 1985, 1993, 2003, 2011) 4 (1991, 1995, 2009, 2015) 3 (1977, 1989, 2005) 12
3   Portugal 2 (1989, 1991) 1 (2011) 1 (1995) 4
4   Serbia 2 (19871, 2015) 2
5   Ghana 1 (2009) 2 (1993, 2001) 1 (2013) 1 (1997) 5
6   Spain 1 (1999) 2 (1985, 2003) 1 (1995) 4
7   Soviet Union 1 (1977) 1 (1979) 1 (1991) 1 (1985) 4
8   Germany 1 (1981) 1 (1987) 2
9   England 1 (2017) 1 (1993) 1 (1981) 3
10   France 1 (2013) 1 (2011) 2
11   Ukraine 1 (2019) 1
12   Uruguay 2 (1997, 2013) 1 (1979) 3 (1977, 1999, 2017) 6
13   Nigeria 2 (1989, 2005) 1 (1985) 3
14   Mexico 1 (1977) 1 (2011) 2
15   South Korea 1 (2019) 1 (1983) 2
16   Qatar 1 (1981) 1
  Japan 1 (1999) 1
  Czech Republic 1 (2007) 1
  Venezuela 1 (2017) 1
20   Mali 2 (1999, 2015) 2
21   Poland 1 (1983) 1 (1979) 2
  Chile 1 (2007) 1 (1987) 2
  Italy 1 (2017) 1 (2019) 2
24   Romania 1 (1981) 1
  East Germany 1 (1987) 1
  Republic of Ireland 1 (1997) 1
  Egypt 1 (2001) 1
  Colombia 1 (2003) 1
  Hungary 1 (2009) 1
  Ecuador 1 (2019) 1
31   Australia 2 (1991, 1993) 2
32   United States 1 (1989) 1
  Paraguay 1 (2001) 1
  Morocco 1 (2005) 1
  Austria 1 (2007) 1
  Costa Rica 1 (2009) 1
  Iraq 1 (2013) 1
  Senegal 1 (2015) 1

1 As Yugoslavia.

Performances by continental zonesEdit

All continental confederations except for the OFC (Oceania) have made an appearance in the final match of the tournament. To date, CONMEBOL (South America) leads with eleven titles, followed by UEFA (Europe) with ten titles and CAF (Africa) with one title. Teams from the AFC (Asia) and CONCACAF (North America, Central America, Caribbean) have made the tournament final four times, but were defeated by strong UEFA sides. No current OFC member has ever made the semifinals; Australia reached the semifinals as an OFC member in 1991 and 1993, finishing fourth on both occasions, before the country joined the AFC in 2006.

Confederation (continent) Performances
Winners Runners-up Third Fourth
CONMEBOL (South America) 11 titles: Argentina (6), Brazil (5) 8 times: Brazil (4), Uruguay (2), Argentina (1), Venezuela (1) 7 times: Brazil (3), Chile (1), Colombia (1), Ecuador (1), Uruguay (1) 6 times: Uruguay (3), Argentina (1), Chile (1), Paraguay (1)
UEFA (Europe) 10 titles: Portugal (2), Serbia1 (2), England (1), France (1), West Germany (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), USSR (1) 6 times: Spain (2), Czech Republic (1), West Germany (1), Portugal (1), USSR (1) 9 times: England (1), East Germany (1), Hungary (1), Rep. of Ireland (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Romania (1), USSR (1) 7 times: Austria (1), England (1), France (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Spain (1), USSR (1)
CAF (Africa) 1 title: Ghana (1) 4 times: Ghana (2), Nigeria (2) 5 times: Mali (2), Egypt (1), Ghana (1), Nigeria (1) 3 times: Ghana (1), Morocco (1), Senegal (1)
AFC (Asia) None 3 times: Japan (1), Qatar (1), South Korea (1) None 2 times: Iraq (1), South Korea (1)
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) None 1 time: Mexico (1) 1 time: Mexico (1) 2 times: Costa Rica (1), United States (1)
OFC (Oceania) None None None 2 times: Australia2 (2)
1 = as Yugoslavia (1987).
2 = as part of OFC (currently in AFC since 2006).

AwardsEdit

Golden BallEdit

The Adidas Golden Ball award is awarded to the player who plays the most outstanding football during the tournament. It is selected by the media poll. Since the 2007 tournament, those who finish as runners-up in the vote receive the Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the second and third most outstanding players in the tournament respectively.

World Cup Golden Ball Silver Ball Bronze Ball Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia   Volodymyr Bessonov   Júnior Brasília   Cléber [2]
1979 Japan   Diego Maradona   Julio César Romero   Ramón Díaz [3]
1981 Australia   Romulus Gabor   Michael Zorc   Roland Wohlfarth [4]
1983 Mexico   Geovani   Roberto Zárate   Luis Islas [5]
1985 Soviet Union   Paulo Silas   Gérson   Juan Carlos Unzué [6]
1987 Chile   Robert Prosinečki   Zvonimir Boban   Marcel Witeczek [7]
1989 Saudi Arabia   Bismarck   Kasey Keller   Christopher Nwosu [8]
1991 Portugal   Emílio Peixe   Giovane Élber   Paulo Torres [9]
1993 Australia   Adriano Not awarded Not awarded [10]
1995 Qatar   Caio   Dani   Joaquín Irigoytía [11]
1997 Malaysia   Nicolás Olivera   Marcelo Zalayeta   Pablo Aimar [12]
1999 Nigeria   Seydou Keita   Pius Ikedia   Pablo Couñago [13]
2001 Argentina   Javier Saviola   Andrés D'Alessandro   Djibril Cissé [14]
2003 United Arab Emirates   Ismail Matar   Dudu   Dani Alves [15]
2005 Netherlands   Lionel Messi   John Obi Mikel   Taye Taiwo [16]
2007 Canada   Sergio Agüero   Maxi Moralez   Giovani dos Santos [17]
2009 Egypt   Dominic Adiyiah   Alex Teixeira   Giuliano [18]
2011 Colombia   Henrique Almeida   Nélson Oliveira   Jorge Enríquez [19]
2013 Turkey   Paul Pogba   Nicolás López   Clifford Aboagye [20]
2015 New Zealand   Adama Traoré   Danilo   Sergej Milinković-Savić [21]
2017 South Korea   Dominic Solanke   Federico Valverde   Yangel Herrera [22]
2019 Poland   Lee Kang-in   Serhiy Buletsa   Gonzalo Plata [23]

Golden BootEdit

The Golden Boot (known commercially as the Adidas Golden Shoe) is awarded to the top goalscorer of the tournament. If more than one players are equal by same goals, the players will be selected based by the most assists made and, if still tied, less playing minutes recorded during the tournament.

World Cup Golden Boot Goals Silver Boot Goals Bronze Boot Goals Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia   Guina 4   Hussein Saeed 3   Luis Placencia 3 [2]
1979 Japan   Ramón Díaz 8   Diego Maradona 6   Andrzej Palasz 5 [3]
1981 Australia   Mark Koussas 4   Taher Amer 4   Ralf Loose 4 [4]
1983 Mexico   Geovani 6   Joachim Klemenz 5   Jorge Luis Gabrich 4 [5]
1985 Soviet Union   Sebastián Losada 3   Fernando 3   Odiaka Monday 3 [6]
1987 Chile   Marcel Witeczek 7   Davor Šuker 6   Camilo Pino 5 [7]
1989 Saudi Arabia   Oleg Salenko 5   Marcelo Henrique 3   Christopher Ohen 3 [8]
1991 Portugal   Sergei Sherbakov 5   Ismael Urzaiz 4   Pedro Pineda 4 [9]
1993 Australia   Henry Zambrano 3   Chris Faklaris 3   Vicente Nieto 3 [10]
1995 Qatar   Joseba Etxeberria 7   Caio 5   Dani 4 [11]
1997 Malaysia   Adaílton 10   David Trezeguet 5   Kostas Salapasidis 4 [12]
1999 Nigeria   Pablo Couñago 5   Mahamadou Dissa 5   Taylor Twellman 4 [13]
2001 Argentina   Javier Saviola 11   Adriano 6   Djibril Cissé 6 [14]
2003 United Arab Emirates   Eddie Johnson 4   Daisuke Sakata 4   Fernando Cavenaghi 4 [15]
2005 Netherlands   Lionel Messi 6   Fernando Llorente 5   Oleksandr Aliyev 5 [16]
2007 Canada   Sergio Agüero 6   Adrián 5   Maxi Moralez 4 [17]
2009 Egypt   Dominic Adiyiah 8   Vladimir Koman 5   Aarón 4 [18]
2011 Colombia   Henrique Almeida 5   Álvaro Vázquez 5   Alexandre Lacazette 5 [19]
2013 Turkey   Ebenezer Assifuah 6   Bruma 5   Jesé 5 [20]
2015 New Zealand   Viktor Kovalenko 5   Bence Mervo 5   Marc Stendera 4 [21]
2017 South Korea   Riccardo Orsolini 5   Josh Sargent 4   Jean-Kévin Augustin 4 [22]
2019 Poland   Erling Håland 9   Danylo Sikan 4   Amadou Sagna 4 [23]

Golden GloveEdit

The Golden Glove is awarded to the best goalkeeper of the tournament.

World Cup Golden Gloves Ref(s)
2009 Egypt   Esteban Alvarado [18]
2011 Colombia   Mika [19]
2013 Turkey   Guillermo de Amores [20]
2015 New Zealand   Predrag Rajković [21]
2017 South Korea   Freddie Woodman [22]
2019 Poland   Andriy Lunin [23]

FIFA Fair Play AwardEdit

FIFA Fair Play Award is given to the team who has the best fair play record during the tournament with the criteria set by FIFA Fair Play Committee.

Tournament FIFA Fair Play Award Ref(s)
1977 Tunisia   Brazil [2]
1979 Japan   Poland [3]
1981 Australia   Australia [4]
1983 Mexico   South Korea [5]
1985 USSR   Colombia [6]
1987 Chile   West Germany [7]
1989 Saudi Arabia   United States [8]
1991 Portugal   Soviet Union [9]
1993 Australia   England [10]
1995 Qatar   Japan [11]
1997 Malaysia   Argentina [12]
1999 Nigeria   Croatia [13]
2001 Argentina   Argentina [14]
2003 United Arab Emirates   Colombia [15]
2005 Netherlands   Colombia [16]
2007 Canada   Japan [17]
2009 Egypt   Brazil [18]
2011 Colombia   Nigeria [19]
2013 Turkey   Spain [20]
2015 New Zealand   Ukraine [21]
2017 South Korea   Mexico [22]
2019 Poland   Japan [23]

Records and statisticsEdit

Most World Cup appearances
18,   Brazil[24]
Most consecutive finals tournaments
16,   Brazil (19812011).
Most wins (players)

2, three players:

Largest win margin in one match
12 goals (  Norway 12-0   Honduras, 2019)[25]
Most goals scored in a match by a single player
9 goals (Erling Braut Håland for   Norway against   Honduras, 2019)[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ CBC.ca
  2. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Tunisia 1977 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Japan 1979 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Australia 1981 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Mexico 1983 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship USSR 1985 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Chile 1987 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Saudi Arabia 1989 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Portugal 1991 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  10. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Australia 1993 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Qatar 1995 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Malaysia 1997 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Nigeria 1999 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  14. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Argentina 2001 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  15. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship UAE 2003 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "FIFA World Youth Championship Netherlands 2005 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "FIFA U20 World Cup Canada 2007 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  18. ^ a b c d "FIFA U20 World Cup Egypt 2009 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d "FIFA U-20 World Cup Colombia 2011 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d "FIFA U-20 World Cup Turkey 2013 – Awards". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d "Mali's magician Traore nets top honour". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 20 June 2015.
  22. ^ a b c d "Solanke takes home top honour". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 11 June 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d "Lee, Lunin headline award winners at Poland 2019". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 15 June 2019.
  24. ^ "FIFA U-20 World Cup Final". fifa.com. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  25. ^ a b "FIFA U-20 World Cup 2019: Erling Haaland scores record triple hat-trick as Norway thrash Honduras 12-0". Fox Sports Asia. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.

External linksEdit