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The Toulon Tournament (officially the Festival International "Espoirs" - Tournoi Maurice Revello) is a football tournament which traditionally features invited national teams composed of under-21 players. The tournament is named after Maurice Revello, who started the tournament in 1967 and died in 2016. Although the first tournament in 1967 featured club teams, it has been limited to national teams since 1974.[1] The tournament is held around Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, with the final usually being held in Toulon itself.

Toulon Tournament
Toulon tournament logo.jpg
Founded1967
RegionInternational
Number of teams12
Current champions Brazil (9th title)
Most successful team(s) France (12 titles)
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

HistoryEdit

Toulon Tournament is not run under the supervision of FIFA or an individual national association. Therefore, it is deemed as the most prestigious of all friendly tournaments involving U-21 teams, and considered an unofficial world championship before FIFA introduced the official World Youth Cup in 1977.[1]

RulesEdit

The Toulon Tournament usually is played with two 40-minute halves. In 2019 every match consisted of two periods of 45 minutes each. In a match, every team has eleven named substitutes and the maximum number of substitutions permitted is four.

In the knockout stage, if a game tied at the end of regulation time, extra time is not played and the penalty shoot-out is used to determine the winner.

ResultsEdit

Edition Year Teams Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1
1967[2] 6   Anderlecht 1–0   Slovan Bratislava No third place match
2
1974 8   Poland 1–1*   Hungary   Czechoslovakia 3–2*   Brazil
3
1975[3] 8   Argentina 1–0   France   Italy 2–0   Mexico
4
1976 8   Bulgaria 3–2   France   Mexico 2-1   Portugal
5
1977 8   France 1–0   Bulgaria   Netherlands 3–1   Hungary
6
1978 8   Hungary 4–3   France   Netherlands 2–1   Mexico
7
1979 8   Soviet Union 2–0   Netherlands   Hungary 2–0   France
8
1980 8   Brazil 2–1   France   Czechoslovakia 1–1   Soviet Union
9
1981 8   Brazil 2–0   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union 0–0   France
10
1982 8   Yugoslavia 2–2   Czechoslovakia   Netherlands 1–1   East Germany
11
1983 8   Brazil 1–1   Argentina   France 0–0 (4–3 (p))   Germany
12
1984 8   France 1–1   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia 2–0   Netherlands
13
1985 8   France 3–1   England   Spain 1–0   Cameroon
14
1986 8   Bulgaria 1–0   France   Soviet Union 2–1   Portugal
15
1987 8   France 1–1   Bulgaria   Brazil 1–0   Soviet Union
16
1988 8   France 4–2   England   Bulgaria 1–1 (5–4 (p))   Soviet Union
17
1989 8   France 3–0   Bulgaria   United States 2–0   England
18
1990 8   England 2–1   Czechoslovakia   Brazil 2–1   Portugal
19
1991 8   England 1–0   France No third place playoff match played between 1991 and 1997
20
1992 8   Portugal 2–1   Yugoslavia
21
1993 8   England 1–0   France
22
1994 8   England 2–0   Portugal
23
1995 8   Brazil 1–0   France
24
1996 10   Brazil 1–1   France
25
1997 10   France 2–1   Portugal
26
1998 8   Argentina 2–0   France   Portugal 2–0   China PR
27
1999 8   Colombia 1–1 (a.e.t.) (6–5 (p))   Argentina   France 3–2   Mexico
28
2000 8   Colombia 1–1 asdet (3–1 (p))   Portugal   Italy 1–0   Ivory Coast
29
2001 8   Portugal 2–1   Colombia   France 2–0   Netherlands
30
2002 10   Brazil 2–0   Italy   Japan 0–0 (5–4 (p))   England
31
2003 10   Portugal 3–1   Italy   Argentina 1–0   Mexico
32
2004 8   France 1–0   Sweden   China PR 1–0   Brazil
33
2005 8   France 4–1   Portugal   England 1–1 (3–2 (p))   Mexico
34
2006 8   France 0–0 (a.e.t.) (5–3 (p))   Netherlands   Portugal 1–0   China PR
35
2007 8   France 3–1   China PR   Ivory Coast 0–0 (a.e.t.) (5–4 (p))   Portugal
36
2008 8   Italy 1–0   Chile   Ivory Coast 2–2 (a.e.t.) (4–3 (p))   Japan
37
2009 8   Chile 1–0   France   Argentina 1–0   Netherlands
38
2010 8   Ivory Coast 3–2   Denmark   France 2–1   Chile
39
2011 8   Colombia 1–1 (a.e.t.) (3–1 (p))   France   Italy 1–1 (5–4 (p))   Mexico
40
2012 8   Mexico 3–0   Turkey   Netherlands 3–2   France
41
2013 10   Brazil 1–0   Colombia   France 2–1   Portugal
42
2014 10   Brazil 5–2   France   Portugal 1–0   England
43
2015 10   France 3–1   Morocco   United States 2–1   England
44
2016 10   England 2–1   France   Portugal 1–1 (4–2 (p))   Czech Republic
45
2017 12   England 1–1 (5–3 (p))   Ivory Coast   Scotland 3–0   Czech Republic
46
2018 12   England 2–1   Mexico   Turkey 0–0 (5–3 (p))   Scotland
47
2019 12   Brazil 1–1 (5–4 (p))   Japan   Mexico 0–0 (4–3 (p))   Republic of Ireland

StatisticsEdit

Performances by countriesEdit

Team Titles Runners-up Third place Fourth place
  France 12 (1977, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1997, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2015) 14 (1975, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2009, 2011, 2014, 2016) 5 (1983, 1999, 2001, 2010, 2013) 3 (1979, 1981, 2012)
  Brazil 9 (1980, 1981, 1983, 1995, 1996, 2002, 2013, 2014, 2019) 2 (1987, 1990) 2 (1974, 2004)
  England 7 (1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 2016, 2017, 2018) 2 (1985, 1988) 1 (2005) 4 (1989, 2002, 2014, 2015)
  Portugal 3 (1992, 2001, 2003) 4 (1994, 1997, 2000, 2005) 4 (1998, 2006, 2014, 2016) 5 (1976, 1986, 1990, 2007, 2013)
  Colombia 3 (1999, 2000, 2011) 2 (2001, 2013)
  Bulgaria 2 (1976, 1986) 3 (1977, 1987, 1989) 1 (1988)
  Argentina 2 (1975, 1998) 2 (1983, 1999) 2 (2003, 2009)
  Hungary 2 (1974, 1978) 1 (1979) 1 (1977)
  Italy 1 (2008) 2 (2002, 2003) 3 (1975, 2000, 2011)
  Chile 1 (2009) 1 (2008) 1 (2010)
  Yugoslavia 1 (1982) 1 (1992)
  Soviet Union 1 (1979) 1 (1984) 2 (1981, 1986) 3 (1980, 1987, 1988)
  Ivory Coast 1 (2010) 1 (2017) 2 (2007, 2008) 1 (2000)
  Mexico 1 (2012) 1 (2018) 2 (1976, 2019) 6 (1975, 1978, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2011)
  Poland 1 (1974)
  Belgium 1 (1967)
  Czechoslovakia 4 (1967, 1981, 1982, 1990) 3 (1974, 1980, 1984)
  Netherlands 2 (1979, 2006)
  China PR 1 (2007)
  Sweden 1 (2004)
  Denmark 1 (2010)
  Turkey 1 (2012)
  Morocco 1 (2015)
  Japan 1 (2019)

Performances by confederationsEdit

Confederation Titles Runners-up
UEFA 28 (1974, 1976–1979, 1982, 1984–1994, 1997, 2001, 2003–2008, 2015-2018) 36 (1967, 1975–1982, 1984–1998, 2000, 2002–2006, 2009–2012, 2014, 2016)
CONMEBOL 15 (1975, 1980-1981, 1983, 1995-1996, 1998–2000, 2002, 2009, 2011, 2013-2014, 2019) 5 (1983, 1999, 2001, 2008, 2013)
CAF 1 (2010) 2 (2015, 2017)
CONCACAF 1 (2012) 1 (2018)
AFC 2 (2007, 2019)

AwardsEdit

Year Top Goalscorer Player of the Tournament Best Goalkeeper
1967   Jozef Čapkovič   Jacques Teugels   Ivancic
1974   Sipocz (4)   Tibor Nyilasi   Turner
1975   András Törőcsik   Roberto Antonelli   Kollar
1976   Radoslav Zdravkov   Manolov   Boris Manolkov
1977   Gérard Soler (4)   Gérard Soler   Boris Manolkov
1978   P. Nagy (4)   Henri Zambelli   Aguilar
1979   S. Fortunato   Gyimesi   Valeri Novikov
1980   Pokluda (4)   José Touré   Luděk Mikloško
1981   Fattori   Vazha Zhvaniya   Marolla
1982   Stanislav Griga   Rainer Ernst   Luděk Mikloško
1983   Eamonn O'Keefe   Luvanor   Stanislav Rudenko
1984   Zaghini (5)   Rusaiev   Aleksandr Zhidkov
1985   Jean-Pierre Papin   François Omam-Biyik   Nadon
1986   Zvara (4)   Ribar   Gantchev
1987   Luboslav Penev   David Ginola   Cláudio Taffarel
1988   David Zitelli (6)   Michael Thomas   Nigel Martyn
1989   Petar Mihtarski   Kaladjiev   Franck Chaumin (I.N.F.)
1990   Mark Robins (6)   Radim Nečas   Bernardy
1991   Alan Shearer (7)   Alan Shearer   David James
1992   Rui Costa (4)   Rui Costa   Željko Cicović
1993   Florian Maurice (4)   Florian Maurice   Paul Gerrard
1994   Bob Peeters   Régis Genaux   Grégory Coupet
1995   Franck Histilloles (5)   Vikash Dhorasoo   Fábio Noronha
1996   Adaílton
  Nuno Gomes (5)
  Adaílton   Fábio Noronha
1997   Thierry Henry
  Carlitos
  Josh Wolff
  Gustavo Victoria
  Thierry Henry   Nuno
1998   Francisco Guerrero
  Emile Heskey
  Juan Román Riquelme   Nuno
1999   Péguy Luyindula   Guillermo Pereyra   Sebastián Saja
2000   Tressor Moreno   Tressor Moreno   Sérgio Leite
2001   Djibril Cissé
  Luís Lourenço
  Felipe Chará   Neco Martínez
2002   Alessandro Pellicori
  Satoshi Nakayama
  Pinga   Rubinho
2003   Germán Herrera
  Francesco Ruopolo
  Luís Lourenço
  Javier Mascherano   Bruno Vale
2004   Bryan Bergougnoux   Rio Mavuba   Jérémy Gavanon
2005   Ricardo Vaz Tê   Arnold Mvuemba   Steve Mandanda
2006   David Gigliotti (2)   Ricardo Faty   Hugo Lloris
2007   Kevin Gameiro (5)   Kevin Gameiro   Ibrahim Koné
2008   Sekou Cissé (5)   Sebastian Giovinco   Davide Bassi
2009   Gerson Martínez
  Diego Buonanotte (4)
  Diego Buonanotte   Christopher Toselli
  Agustín Marchesín
2010   Nicki Bille Nielsen (5)   Serge Deble   Mikkel Andersen
2011   Steeven Joseph-Monrose (5)   James Rodríguez   Franck L'Hostis
2012   Marco Fabián (7)   Héctor Herrera   Nick Marsman
  Ertuğrul Taşkıran
2013   Vinícius Araújo
  José Abella
  Aladje (3)
  Yuri Mamute   Zacharie Boucher
2014   Jean-Christophe Bahebeck (4)   Rodrigo Caio   Paul Nardi
2015   Achraf Bencharki
  Enzo Crivelli (4)
  Walid El Karti   Badreddine Benachour
2016   Lewis Baker (4)   Ruben Loftus-Cheek   Joel Castro Pereira
2017   Chico Banza
  Harvey Barnes
  George Hirst (4)
  David Brooks   Luke Pilling
2018   Eduardo Aguirre (7)   Diego Lainez   Freddie Woodman
2019   Matheus Cunha (4)   Douglas Luiz   Chen Wei

See alsoEdit

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ a b Garin, Erik; Pierrend, José Luis (9 June 2016). "Tournoi Espoirs de Toulon". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 21 January 2017. A tournament for U-21 players, usually played in several cities in the Region du Var (southern France), with the final in Toulon. Participation is by invitation. Has been disputed yearly since 1974 with national teams, but the first (1967) edition featured clubs. The most prestigious of all friendly tournaments involving U-21 teams, and considered an unofficial world championship before FIFA introduced the official World Youth Cup in 1977.
  2. ^ The 1967 edition was the first, and only, tournament not to feature national sides
  3. ^ The 1975 edition was the first tournament to feature only national sides; this tradition has remained ever since

External linksEdit