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The FIFA U-17 World Cup, founded as the FIFA U-16 World Championship, later changed to its current name in 2007, is the world championship of association football for male players under the age of 17 organized by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

FIFA U-17 World Cup
Founded 1985; 33 years ago (1985)
Region International (FIFA)
Number of teams 24
Current champions  England (1st title)
Most successful team(s)  Nigeria (5 titles)
Website U-17 World Cup
2019 FIFA U-17 World Cup

The FIFA U-17 World Championship is a competition that was inspired by the Lion City Cup that was created by the Football Association of Singapore in 1977. The Lion City Cup was the first under-16 football tournament in the world. Following FIFA's then secretary-general Sepp Blatter's recommendation after he was in Singapore for the 1982 Lion City Cup, FIFA created the FIFA U-16 World Championship.[1]

The first edition was staged in 1985 in China,[2] and tournaments have been played every two years since then. It began as a competition for players under the age of 16 with the age limit raised to 17 from the 1991 edition onwards. The previous tournament was hosted by Chile in 2015 and won by Nigeria, with the current edition being hosted by India, for the first time, in 2017, which became the most attended in the history of the tournament, with the total attendance of the FIFA U-17 World Cup reaching 1280459.[3]

Nigeria is the most successful nation in the tournament's history, with five titles and three runners up. Brazil is the second-most successful with three titles and two runners-up. Ghana and Mexico have won the tournament twice.

A corresponding tournament for female players, the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup, began in 2008, with North Korea winning the inaugural tournament.

Contents

StructureEdit

Each tournament consists of a group phase, in which four teams play against one another and standings in the group table decide which teams advance, followed by a knockout phase of successive matches where the winning team advances through the competition and the losing team is eliminated. This continues until two teams remain to contest the final, which decides the tournament winner. The losing semi-finalists also contest a match to decide third place.

From 1985 to 2005 there were 16 teams in the competition, divided into four groups of four teams each in the group phase. Each team played the others in its group and the group winner and runner up qualified for the knockout phase. From 2007 the tournament was expanded to 24 teams, divided into six groups of four teams each. The top 2 places in each group plus the four best third-placed teams advanced to the knockout phase.

Competition matches are played in two 45-minute halves (i.e., 90 minutes in total). In the knockout phase, until the 2011 tournament, if tied at the end of 90 minutes an additional 30 minutes of extra time were played, followed by a penalty shoot-out if still tied. Starting with the 2011 tournament, the extra time period was eliminated to avoid player burnout, and all knockout games progress straight to penalties if tied at the end of 90 minutes.

QualificationEdit

The host nation of each tournament qualifies automatically. The remaining teams qualify through competitions organised by the six regional confederations. For the first edition of the tournament in 1985, all of the teams from Europe plus Bolivia appeared by invitation of FIFA.

Confederation Championship
AFC (Asia) AFC U-16 Championship
CAF (Africa) African Under-17 Championship
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) CONCACAF Under-17 Championship
CONMEBOL (South America) South American Under-17 Football Championship
OFC (Oceania) OFC U-17 Championship
UEFA (Europe) UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship

ResultsEdit

SummariesEdit

FIFA U-16 World ChampionshipEdit

Year Hosts Final Third place match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1985
Details
  China  
Nigeria
2–0  
West Germany
 
Brazil
4–1  
Guinea
16
1987
Details
  Canada  
Soviet Union
1–1 (a.e.t.)
4–2 (p)
 
Nigeria
 
Ivory Coast
2–1 (a.e.t.)  
Italy
16
1989
Details
  Scotland  
Saudi Arabia
2–2 (a.e.t.)
5–4 (p)
 
Scotland
 
Portugal
3–0  
Bahrain
16

Under-17Edit

FIFA U-17 World ChampionshipEdit
Year Hosts Final Third place match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1991
Details
  Italy  
Ghana
1–0  
Spain
 
Argentina
1–1 (a.e.t.)
4–1 (p)
 
Qatar
16
1993
Details
  Japan  
Nigeria
2–1  
Ghana
 
Chile
1–1 (a.e.t.)
4–2 (p)
 
Poland
16
1995
Details
  Ecuador  
Ghana
3–2  
Brazil
 
Argentina
2–0  
Oman
16
1997
Details
  Egypt  
Brazil
2–1  
Ghana
 
Spain
2–1  
Germany
16
1999
Details
  New Zealand  
Brazil
0–0 (a.e.t.)
8–7 (p)
 
Australia
 
Ghana
2–0  
United States
16
2001
Details
  Trinidad and Tobago  
France
3–0  
Nigeria
 
Burkina Faso
2–0  
Argentina
16
2003
Details
  Finland  
Brazil
1–0  
Spain
 
Argentina
1–1 (a.e.t.)
5–4 (p)
 
Colombia
16
2005
Details
  Peru  
Mexico
3–0  
Brazil
 
Netherlands
2–1  
Turkey
16
FIFA U-17 World CupEdit
Year Hosts Final Third place match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
2007
Details
  South Korea  
Nigeria
0–0 (a.e.t.)
3–0 (p)
 
Spain
 
Germany
2–1  
Ghana
24
2009
Details
  Nigeria  
Switzerland
1–0  
Nigeria
 
Spain
1–0  
Colombia
24
2011
Details
  Mexico  
Mexico
2–0  
Uruguay
 
Germany
4–3  
Brazil
24
2013
Details
  UAE  
Nigeria
3–0  
Mexico
 
Sweden
4–1  
Argentina
24
2015
Details
  Chile  
Nigeria
2–0  
Mali
 
Belgium
3–2  
Mexico
24
2017
Details
  India  
England
5–2  
Spain
 
Brazil
2–0  
Mali
24
2019
Details
  Peru 24
  • Key:
    • aet - after extra time
    • PSO - match won on penalty shootout

Performances by countriesEdit

Rank Team Titles Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place Medals
1   Nigeria 5 (1985, 1993, 2007, 2013, 2015) 3 (1987, 2001, 2009) 8
2   Brazil 3 (1997, 1999, 2003) 2 (1995, 2005) 2 (1985, 2017) 1 (2011) 7
3   Ghana 2 (1991, 1995) 2 (1993, 1997) 1 (1999) 1 (2007) 5
4   Mexico 2 (2005, 2011) 1 (2013) 1 (2015) 3
5   Soviet Union 1 (1987) 1
  Saudi Arabia 1 (1989) 1
  France 1 (2001) 1
   Switzerland 1 (2009) 1
  England 1 (2017) 1
10   Spain 4 (1991, 2003, 2007, 2017) 2 (1997, 2009) 6
11   Germany 1 (1985) 2 (2007, 2011) 1 (1997) 3
12   Mali 1 (2015) 1 (2017) 1
13   Scotland 1 (1989) 1
  Australia 1 (1999) 1
  Uruguay 1 (2011) 1
16   Argentina 3 (1991, 1995, 2003) 2 (2001, 2013) 3
17   Ivory Coast 1 (1987) 1
  Portugal 1 (1989) 1
  Chile 1 (1993) 1
  Burkina Faso 1 (2001) 1
  Netherlands 1 (2005) 1
  Sweden 1 (2013) 1
  Belgium 1 (2015) 1
24   Colombia 2 (2003, 2009)
25   Guinea 1 (1985)
  Italy 1 (1987)
  Bahrain 1 (1989)
  Qatar 1 (1991)
  Poland 1 (1993)
  Oman 1 (1995)
  United States 1 (1999)
  Turkey 1 (2005)

Performances by continental zonesEdit

Africa is the most successful continental zone with 7 tournament wins (5 for Nigeria, 2 for Ghana) and 6 times as runner up. Notably the 1993 final was contested by two African teams, when the final has been contested by two teams from the same confederation. The African teams repeated the 1993 final with Mali replacing Ghana (Disqualified for age violation) in 2015 when Nigeria and Mali made it to the last two standing and Nigeria got their fifth win.

South America has 3 tournament wins and has been runner up three times. Additionally Argentina has finished in third place on 3 occasions, Chile has done so on one occasion and Colombia has finished in fourth place twice, but neither of the latter two have ever appeared in the final.

Europe has 4 tournaments wins (1 each for France, USSR, Switzerland and England) and has been runner up 6 times. Spain has been runner up on 4 occasions. Additionally Portugal and Netherlands have won third-place medals in 1989 and 2005 respectively.

The CONCACAF zone has 2 tournament wins (for Mexico in 2005 and 2011), this confederation has reached the final three times (with Mexico).

Asia has 1 tournament win (for Saudi Arabia in 1989), the only time that a team from this confederation has reached the final and the only time an Asian team won a FIFA tournament in male category. (Australia was runner up in 1999 but at that time was in the Oceania Football Confederation).

Oceania has no tournament wins and 1 occasion as runner up (for Australia in 1999). Australia has since moved to the Asian confederation.

This tournament is peculiar in that the majority of titles have gone to teams from outside the strongest regional confederations (CONMEBOL and UEFA). Of the fifteen editions held so far, nine (60 percent of the total) have been won by teams from North and Central America, Africa and Asia.

Confederation (continent) Performances
Winners Runners-up Third Fourth
CAF (Africa) 7 times: Nigeria (5), Ghana (2) 6 times: Nigeria (3), Ghana (2), Mali (1) 3 times: Ghana (1), Côte d'Ivoire (1), Burkina Faso (1) 3 times: Ghana (1), Guinea (1), Mali (1)
UEFA (Europe) 4 times: France (1), Soviet Union (1), Switzerland (1), England (1) 6 times: Spain (4), Germany (1), Scotland (1) 8 times: Germany (2), Spain (2), Belgium (1), Netherlands (1), Portugal (1), Sweden (1) 4 times: Germany (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Turkey (1)
CONMEBOL (South America) 3 times: Brazil (3) 3 times: Brazil (2), Uruguay (1) 6 times: Argentina (3), Brazil (2), Chile (1) 5 times: Brazil (1), Argentina (2), Colombia (2)
CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean) 2 times: Mexico (2) 1 time: Mexico (1) None 2 times: Mexico (1), United States (1)
AFC (Asia) 1 time: Saudi Arabia (1) None None 3 times: Bahrain (1), Qatar (1), Oman (1)
OFC (Oceania) None 1 time: Australia (1) None None

AwardsEdit

At every tournament three awards are presented:

  • The Golden Shoe is awarded to the top goalscorer of tournament.
  • The Golden Ball is awarded to the most valuable player of the tournament.
  • The Fair Play Award is presented to the team with the best disciplinary record in the tournament.
Tournament Golden Ball Golden Shoe Award Goals Golden Glove Fair Play Award
  1985 China   William   Marcel Witeczek 8 Not Awarded   West Germany
  1987 Canada   Philip Osundu   Moussa Traoré 5   Soviet Union
  1989 Scotland   James Will   Fode Camara 3   Bahrain
  1991 Italy   Nii Lamptey   Adriano 4   Argentina
  1993 Japan   Daniel Addo   Wilson Oruma 6   Nigeria
  1995 Ecuador   Mohamed Kathiri   Daniel Allsopp 5   Brazil
  1997 Egypt   Sergio Santamaría   David 7   Argentina
  1999 New Zealand   Landon Donovan   Ishmael Addo 7   Mexico
  2001 Trinidad and Tobago   Florent Sinama Pongolle   Florent Sinama Pongolle 9   Nigeria
  2003 Finland   Cesc Fàbregas   Cesc Fàbregas 5   Costa Rica
  2005 Peru   Anderson   Carlos Vela 5   North Korea
  2007 South Korea   Toni Kroos   Macauley Chrisantus 7   Costa Rica
  2009 Nigeria   Sani Emmanuel   Borja 5   Benjamin Siegrist   Nigeria
  2011 Mexico   Julio Gómez   Souleymane Coulibaly 9   Jonathan Cubero   Japan
  2013 United Arab Emirates   Kelechi Iheanacho   Valmir Berisha 7   Dele Alampasu   Nigeria
  2015 Chile   Kelechi Nwakali   Victor Osimhen 10   Samuel Diarra   Ecuador
  2017 India   Phil Foden   Rhian Brewster 8   Gabriel Brazão   Brazil
  2019 Peru TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA

Records and statisticsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit