Eurygnathohippus woldegabrieli

Eurygnathohippus woldegabrieli is an extinct species of prehistoric horse.[1] The 4.4 to 4.2 million-year-old fossils of its teeth and bones were found in 2001 and 2002 in Ethiopia.[1] It was identified as a new species in 2013 by researchers at Case Western Reserve University, and the species named after geologist and Case Western alumnus Giday WoldeGabriel.[1]

Eurygnathohippus woldegabrieli
Temporal range: Middle Pliocene
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Genus: Eurygnathohippus
E. woldegabrieli
Binomial name
Eurygnathohippus woldegabrieli
Bernor et al., 2013

The species was estimated to be about the size of a small zebra, and had three-toed hooves.[1] Tooth wear patterns and analyses of bone composition indicate that E. woldegabrieli grazed on grasses similar to the coarse C4 diet of modern zebras or wildebeests.[2] Compared to ancestral Eurygnathohippus horses of six to ten million years ago such as the late Miocene E. feibeli, which lived and ate in forests, E. woldegabrieli's teeth were taller and more worn, and its longer and thinner leg bones suggest that it was well adapted for running.[2] The medial Pliocene species E. hasumense, a more advanced horse from 3.5 million years ago and forward, is both taller and has a longer nose than E. woldegabrieli, a further advanced adaptation toward living in open grasslands.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c d e "New Species of Horse, 4.4 Million Years Old". ScienceDaily. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Bernor, Raymond L.; Gilbert, Henry; Semprebon, Gina M.; Simpson, Scott; Semaw, Sileshi (2013). "Eurygnathohippus woldegabrieli, sp. nov. (Perissodactyla, Mammalia), from the middle Pliocene of Aramis, Ethiopia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 33 (6): 1472–1485. Bibcode:2013JVPal..33.1472B. doi:10.1080/02724634.2013.829741. ISSN 0272-4634. S2CID 86225938.