Euan Wallace

Captain David Euan Wallace, MC PC (20 April 1892 – 9 February 1941), was a British Conservative politician who was an ally of Neville Chamberlain and briefly served as Minister of Transport during World War II.


Euan Wallace

Euan Wallace.jpg
Minister of Transport
In office
1939–1940
Preceded byLeslie Burgin
Succeeded bySir John Reith
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
In office
1938–1939
Preceded byJohn Colville
Succeeded byHarry Crookshank
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
In office
1937–1938
Preceded byLeslie Burgin
Succeeded byRonald Cross
Secretary for Overseas Trade
In office
1935–1937
Preceded byJohn Colville
Succeeded byRobert Hudson
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
In office
1935–1936
Preceded byHarry Crookshank
Succeeded byGeoffrey Lloyd
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
In office
1931–1935
Preceded byGeorge Hall
Succeeded byKenneth Lindsay
Personal details
Born
David Euan Wallace

(1892-04-20)20 April 1892
Died9 February 1941(1941-02-09) (aged 48)
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
(m. 1913; div. 1919)

Barbara Lutyens
(m. 1920; his death 1941)
Children5
ParentsJohn Wallace
EducationHarrow School
Alma materRoyal Military College, Sandhurst

Early lifeEdit

Wallace was born on 20 April 1892.[1] He was the son of John Wallace, of Glassingall, Dunblane, Perthshire. His paternal grandparents were David Wallace, an ironmaster, and Janet (née Weir) Wallace. His aunt, Edith Wallace, was the wife of Maj. Robert Dunbar Sinclair-Wemyss.[2]

He was educated at Harrow before attending the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.[3]

CareerEdit

In 1911, Wallace joined the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards Reserve, gaining the rank of Captain, serving as adjutant from 1915 to 1918.[3] He was decorated with the award of the Military Cross (MC) after being wounded four times during the Great War.[3]

After the War, he became assistant Military Attaché at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C. He acted as a special Commissioner for the North-East coast and acted as aide-de-camp to the Governor General of Canada in 1920.[3]

Political careerEdit

He was first elected to the House of Commons at Member of Parliament (MP) for Rugby from 1922 to 1923, then represented Hornsey from 1924 until his death in 1941 (when he was considered one of the richest members of the House of Commons).[3] He served as Assistant Government Whip from 1928 to 1929; Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1929 and 1931; Civil Lord of the Admiralty from 1931 to 1934; Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1935 to 1935; Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1935 to 1937; Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade from 1937 to 1938; Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1938 to 1939.[4] On 21 April 1939, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain appointed Wallace the Minister of Transport.

Wallace was invested as a Privy Counsellor by King Edward VIII in June 1936, along with Lt.-Col. David John Colville (Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland) and, his former brother-in-law, Herbrand Sackville, 9th Earl De La Warr (Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education).[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Wallace was twice married and the father of five sons, four of whom died while serving in the military. On 26 November 1913 Wallace married Lady (Myra) Idina Sackville, daughter of Gilbert George Reginald Sackville, 8th Earl De La Warr and Lady Muriel Agnes Brassey.[6] Lady Idina designed Kildonan House in Barrhill, South Ayrshire with the architect James Miller in homage to her childhood home, but they separated before it was completed.[7] Before the marriage ended in divorce in 1919, they were the parents of two sons:

On 10 May 1920, he was married to Barbara Lutyens (1898–1981), the daughter of architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens and Lady Emily Bulwer-Lytton (a daughter of Edith Villiers and Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, the Viceroy of India and British Ambassador to France).[12] Together, they were the parents of three sons:

He inherited a coal and iron fortune estimated at more than £2,000,000.[3]

After undergoing a serious operation before Christmas 1940, Wallace died on 9 February 1941.[3] His widow, who married Herbert Agar (the American journalist who was editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal) in 1945,[17][18] lived another forty years before her death in 1981.[19]

DescendantsEdit

Through his eldest son David, he was a grandfather of two: Laura Jacqueline Wallace (b. 1941), who married Dominic Paul Morland (a son of Sir Oscar Charles Morland GBE KCMG, of Pickering, Yorkshire and Alice Lindley) in 1963, they divorced and she married, secondly, Keith Fitchett, in 2003;[20] and Cary Davina Wallace (b. 1942), who married David Howell, Baron Howell of Guildford.[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wallace, (David) Euan (1892–1941)". www.oxforddnb.com. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-1014383. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1076.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "EUAN WALLACE, 48, BRITISH OFFICIAL Minister of Transport Under Chamberlain and World War Hero Dies in England HELD SEAT IN COMMONS Ex-Regional Commissioner for Civil Defense of London Served in Washington". The New York Times. 11 February 1941. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Named to Parliament Post". The New York Times. 5 June 1938. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  5. ^ Associated Press (23 June 1936). "Three New Privy Councilors". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  6. ^ The Genealogy of the Wallace Family
  7. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Kildonan House (LB1052)". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Major WALLACE, DAVID JOHN". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Eton College Roll of Honors". www.wakefieldfhs.org. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Wing Commander WALLACE, GERALD EVAN". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  11. ^ a b Landworth, Richard M. (14 April 2017). "Who was BW?". The Churchill Project - Hillsdale College. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  12. ^ Percy & Ridley 1988, p. 53.
  13. ^ "Lieutenant WALLACE, JOHN". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Flying Officer (Pilot) WALLACE, EDWARD PETER". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Elizabeth Hoyer Millar Wed In England to Billy Wallace". The New York Times. 23 October 1965. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  16. ^ Hallemann, Caroline (12 December 2017). "Who Was Princess Margaret's Fiancé Billy Wallace?". Town & Country. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  17. ^ "COMDR. HERBERT AGAR TO MARRY IN LONDON". The New York Times. 9 June 1945. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  18. ^ "HERBERT AGAR DIES; AUTHOR AND EDITOR; Wrote Prolifically on the American Democratic Heritage--Won Pulitzer Prize in History A Champion of Democratic Ideals Correspondent and Columnist". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  19. ^ Lutyens, Edwin (1989). Clayre Percy; Jane Ridley (eds.). The Letters of Edwin Lutyens to his wife, Lady Emily. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 9780241124765. OCLC 466283124.
  20. ^ a b "The Descendants of William The Conqueror". www.william1.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2020.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Baird, Bt
Member of Parliament for Rugby
19221923
Succeeded by
Ernest Brown
Preceded by
Viscount Ednam
Member of Parliament for Hornsey
19241941
Succeeded by
Sir David Gammans
Political offices
Preceded by
George Hall
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
1931–1935
Succeeded by
Kenneth Lindsay
Preceded by
Harry Crookshank
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1935–1936
Succeeded by
Geoffrey Lloyd
Preceded by
John Colville
Secretary for Overseas Trade
1935–1937
Succeeded by
Robert Hudson
Preceded by
Leslie Burgin
Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
1937–1938
Succeeded by
Ronald Cross
Preceded by
John Colville
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1938–1939
Succeeded by
Harry Crookshank
Preceded by
Leslie Burgin
Minister of Transport
1939–1940
Succeeded by
Sir John Reith