Captain David Euan Wallace, MC PC (20 April 1892 – 9 February 1941), was a British Conservative politician who was an ally of Neville Chamberlain and briefly served as Minister of Transport during World War II.
|Minister of Transport|
|Preceded by||Leslie Burgin|
|Succeeded by||Sir John Reith|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury|
|Preceded by||John Colville|
|Succeeded by||Harry Crookshank|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade|
|Preceded by||Leslie Burgin|
|Succeeded by||Ronald Cross|
|Secretary for Overseas Trade|
|Preceded by||John Colville|
|Succeeded by||Robert Hudson|
|Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department|
|Preceded by||Harry Crookshank|
|Succeeded by||Geoffrey Lloyd|
|Civil Lord of the Admiralty|
|Preceded by||George Hall|
|Succeeded by||Kenneth Lindsay|
David Euan Wallace
20 April 1892
|Died||9 February 1941(aged 48)|
(m. 1913; div. 1919)
|Alma mater||Royal Military College, Sandhurst|
Wallace was born on 20 April 1892. He was the son of John Wallace, of Glassingall, Dunblane, Perthshire. His paternal grandparents were David Wallace, an ironmaster, and Janet (née Weir) Wallace. His aunt, Edith Wallace, was the wife of Maj. Robert Dunbar Sinclair-Wemyss.
In 1911, Wallace joined the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards Reserve, gaining the rank of Captain, serving as adjutant from 1915 to 1918. He was decorated with the award of the Military Cross (MC) after being wounded four times during the Great War.
After the War, he became assistant Military Attaché at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C. He acted as a special Commissioner for the North-East coast and acted as aide-de-camp to the Governor General of Canada in 1920.
He was first elected to the House of Commons at Member of Parliament (MP) for Rugby from 1922 to 1923, then represented Hornsey from 1924 until his death in 1941 (when he was considered one of the richest members of the House of Commons). He served as Assistant Government Whip from 1928 to 1929; Junior Lord of the Treasury in 1929 and 1931; Civil Lord of the Admiralty from 1931 to 1934; Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1935 to 1935; Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1935 to 1937; Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade from 1937 to 1938; Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1938 to 1939. On 21 April 1939, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain appointed Wallace the Minister of Transport.
Wallace was invested as a Privy Counsellor by King Edward VIII in June 1936, along with Lt.-Col. David John Colville (Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland) and, his former brother-in-law, Herbrand Sackville, 9th Earl De La Warr (Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education).
Wallace was twice married and the father of five sons, four of whom died while serving in the military. On 26 November 1913 Wallace married Lady (Myra) Idina Sackville, daughter of Gilbert George Reginald Sackville, 8th Earl De La Warr and Lady Muriel Agnes Brassey. Lady Idina designed Kildonan House in Barrhill, South Ayrshire with the architect James Miller in homage to her childhood home, but they separated before it was completed. Before the marriage ended in divorce in 1919, they were the parents of two sons:
- David John Wallace MC (1914–1944), a Major in the King's Royal Rifle Corps who was killed in action during World War II while serving with the Special Operations Executive in Greece (during the Battle of Menina) and who married Joan Prudence Magor, a daughter of Richard Magor of Chelmsford, in 1939.
- Gerard Euan Wallace (1915–1943), a Wing Commander in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve who was also killed in a flying accident in Canada during World War II and who married Elizabeth Lawson in 1940.
On 10 May 1920, he was married to Barbara Lutyens (1898–1981), the daughter of architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens and Lady Emily Bulwer-Lytton (a daughter of Edith Villiers and Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, the Viceroy of India and British Ambassador to France). Together, they were the parents of three sons:
- John Wallace (1922–1946), a Lieutenant in the Life Guards who died, unmarried, as a result of a general anaesthetic during a nose operation, while on active service.
- Edward Peter Wallace DFC (1923–1944), a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve who was killed in action during World War II. He was unmarried.
- William Euan "Billy" Wallace (1927–1977), who was educated at Eton and University College, Oxford, and was a former escort of Princess Margaret, who he had known since childhood. He married the Hon. Elizabeth Anne Hoyer Millar, daughter of Frederick Millar, 1st Baron Inchyra, and Anna de Marees van Swinderen (the daughter of Dutch diplomat René de Marees van Swinderen), in 1965. Princess Margaret, by then married to Antony Armstrong-Jones, attended the wedding.
He inherited a coal and iron fortune estimated at more than £2,000,000.
After undergoing a serious operation before Christmas 1940, Wallace died on 9 February 1941. His widow, who married Herbert Agar (the American journalist who was editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal) in 1945, lived another forty years before her death in 1981.
Through his eldest son David, he was a grandfather of two: Laura Jacqueline Wallace (b. 1941), who married Dominic Paul Morland (a son of Sir Oscar Charles Morland GBE KCMG, of Pickering, Yorkshire and Alice Lindley) in 1963, they divorced and she married, secondly, Keith Fitchett, in 2003; and Cary Davina Wallace (b. 1942), who married David Howell, Baron Howell of Guildford.
- "Wallace, (David) Euan (1892–1941)". www.oxforddnb.com. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-1014383. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1076.
- "EUAN WALLACE, 48, BRITISH OFFICIAL Minister of Transport Under Chamberlain and World War Hero Dies in England HELD SEAT IN COMMONS Ex-Regional Commissioner for Civil Defense of London Served in Washington". The New York Times. 11 February 1941. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "Named to Parliament Post". The New York Times. 5 June 1938. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Associated Press (23 June 1936). "Three New Privy Councilors". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- The Genealogy of the Wallace Family
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Kildonan House (LB1052)". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "Major WALLACE, DAVID JOHN". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "Eton College Roll of Honors". www.wakefieldfhs.org. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "Wing Commander WALLACE, GERALD EVAN". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Landworth, Richard M. (14 April 2017). "Who was BW?". The Churchill Project - Hillsdale College. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Percy & Ridley 1988, p. 53.
- "Lieutenant WALLACE, JOHN". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "Flying Officer (Pilot) WALLACE, EDWARD PETER". www.cwgc.org. Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "Elizabeth Hoyer Millar Wed In England to Billy Wallace". The New York Times. 23 October 1965. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Hallemann, Caroline (12 December 2017). "Who Was Princess Margaret's Fiancé Billy Wallace?". Town & Country. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "COMDR. HERBERT AGAR TO MARRY IN LONDON". The New York Times. 9 June 1945. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- "HERBERT AGAR DIES; AUTHOR AND EDITOR; Wrote Prolifically on the American Democratic Heritage--Won Pulitzer Prize in History A Champion of Democratic Ideals Correspondent and Columnist". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- Lutyens, Edwin (1989). Clayre Percy; Jane Ridley (eds.). The Letters of Edwin Lutyens to his wife, Lady Emily. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 9780241124765. OCLC 466283124.
- "The Descendants of William The Conqueror". www.william1.co.uk. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Euan Wallace
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Capt David Euan Wallace at Find a Grave
- (David) Euan Wallace (1892-1941), Captain and politician at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir John Baird, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Rugby
| Member of Parliament for Hornsey
Sir David Gammans
| Civil Lord of the Admiralty
| Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
| Secretary for Overseas Trade
| Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade
| Financial Secretary to the Treasury
| Minister of Transport
Sir John Reith