Ettenheim

Ettenheim is a town in the Ortenaukreis, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Ettenheim
St. Bartholomew's Church, Ettenheim
St. Bartholomew's Church, Ettenheim
Coat of arms of Ettenheim
Coat of arms
Location of Ettenheim within Ortenaukreis district
Ill (France)Ill (France)FranceRastatt (district)Baden-BadenCalw (district)Emmendingen (district)Freudenstadt (district)RheinauLaufSasbachRastatt (district)Rottweil (district)Schwarzwald-Baar-KreisAchernAchernAchernAppenweierBad Peterstal-GriesbachBerghauptenBiberachDurbachEttenheimFischerbachFriesenheimGengenbachGutachHaslachHausachHofstettenHohbergHornbergKappel-GrafenhausenKappel-GrafenhausenKappelrodeckWillstättKehlKehlKippenheimKippenheimKippenheimLahrLaufLaufLautenbachMahlbergMahlbergMahlbergMeißenheimMühlenbachNeuriedNordrachOberharmersbachOberkirchOberkirchOberkirchOberkirchOberwolfachOffenburgOhlsbachOppenauOrtenbergOttenhöfen im SchwarzwaldRenchenRenchenRingsheimRingsheimRustRheinauRheinauRheinau (gemeindefreies Gebiet)SasbachSasbachSasbachSasbachwaldenSchuttertalSchutterwaldSchwanauSeebachSeelbachSteinachWillstättWillstättWolfachZell am HarmersbachRhineEttenheim in OG.svg
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Ettenheim is located in Germany
Ettenheim
Ettenheim
Ettenheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Ettenheim
Ettenheim
Coordinates: 48°15′20″N 07°48′43″E / 48.25556°N 7.81194°E / 48.25556; 7.81194Coordinates: 48°15′20″N 07°48′43″E / 48.25556°N 7.81194°E / 48.25556; 7.81194
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionFreiburg
DistrictOrtenaukreis
Subdivisions5 Stadtteile
Area
 • Total48.90 km2 (18.88 sq mi)
Elevation
193 m (633 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total13,500
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
77949–77955
Dialling codes07822
Vehicle registrationOG
Websitewww.ettenheim.de

HistoryEdit

Ettenheim was founded in the 8th century by Eddo, bishop of Strasbourg, and the Benedictine abbey of Ettenheimmünster [de] was founded at about that time.[2] Ettenheim received town rights in the 13th century from the Prince-Bishop of Strasbourg, whose territory on the right bank of the Rhine Ettenheim would form the center of until 1803, when it was mediatized to the Grand Duchy of Baden. Karlsruhe assigned Ettenheim to the district of Mahlberg, but then in 1809 made it the seat of its own district until 1824. In 1939, Ettenheim was assigned to Landkreis Lahr [de], which was replaced by the 1973 Baden-Württemberg district reform [de] with the district of Ortenau.[3]

Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien took refuge here in 1801 after he was suspected in a plot against Napoleon. He was arrested on 15 March 1804 and later executed in Paris. Louis René Édouard de Rohan-Guéméné, Prince-Bishop of Strasbourg, also lived here from 1790 and plotted a counter-revolution from the city. He is buried in the local Catholic church.[2]

GeographyEdit

The township (Stadt) of Ettenheim lies on the southern edge of the Ortenau district of Baden-Württemberg, along the former's border with the Emmendingen district. Ettenheim is physically located in the Middle Upper Rhineland Lowlands [de]. The main watercourse in the municipal area is the Ettenbach, which, at the municipality's western border, marks its lowest elevation above sea level at 165 meters (541 ft) Normalnull (NN). The highest elevation, 543 meters (1,781 ft) NN, is found in the municipality's northeast, in the buntsandstein mountains of the Central Black Forest around Lahr. In the foothills of those mountains that fall within Ettenheim's municipal area are the wetlands of the Seltenbach, which are protected as the Saure Matten [de] nature reserve.[3]

ClimateEdit

Ettenheim's climate has mild differences between its highs and lows, with adequate year-round rainfall. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate), though it is close to being "humid subtropical climate" due to the mean temperatures in July and August just under 22°C.[4][5]

Climate data for Ettenheim (CFB Lahr) 2015-2020 High, Low, Mean Temperatures with precipitation + Sunny days
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
7.8
(46.0)
12.5
(54.5)
17.0
(62.6)
20.7
(69.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.0
(82.4)
27.2
(81.0)
22.5
(72.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.5
(50.9)
7.6
(45.7)
16.8
(62.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
3.7
(38.7)
7.3
(45.1)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.5
(67.1)
21.7
(71.1)
20.5
(68.9)
16.0
(60.8)
11.1
(52.0)
6.8
(44.2)
4.5
(40.1)
11.65
(52.97)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
2
(36)
4.7
(40.5)
9.3
(48.7)
13.5
(56.3)
15.0
(59.0)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50.0)
6.3
(43.3)
2.8
(37.0)
1.1
(34.0)
6.5
(43.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.4)
40
(1.6)
42
(1.7)
66
(2.6)
108
(4.3)
69
(2.7)
58
(2.3)
49
(1.9)
45
(1.8)
44
(1.7)
49
(1.9)
46
(1.8)
676
(26.6)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18 13 13 14 15 13 12 11 10 11 14 16 160
Mean monthly sunshine hours 53 95 152 193 216 244 274 244 196 109 63 56 1,895
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[6]

PoliticsEdit

Ettenheim has five boroughs (Stadtteile): Altdorf, Ettenheim, Ettenheimmünster [de], Münchweier, and Wallburg [de].[3]

Coat of armsEdit

 
Ettenheim's coat of arms

The coat of arms of Ettenheim displays a castle in red, with an open gate and three towers (one domed) topped with crosses, upon a field of white. This pattern was designed in 1901 by the Karlsruhe General State Archives [de] after a seal from 1545, though the tincture was decided in 1973. Since 1370, local town seals had depicted a Gothic structure with three towers and a crenelated wall, a reference to Ettenheim's defenses.[3]

TransportationEdit

Ettenheim is connected to Germany's network of roadways by Bundesautobahn 5 and Bundesstraße 3, which pass through the city. The Mannheim–Karlsruhe–Basel railway passes through the municipality to the west of Ettenheim itself.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2020". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). June 2021.
  2. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ettenheim" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 862–863.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Ettenheim". LEO-BW (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Climate Summary for Lahr". Weatherbase. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Lahr". WeatherOnline. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Lahr". Principal Station Data. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 2 February 2020.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit