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Esmat Dowlatshahi (Persian: عصمت دولتشاهی‎; 1905[1] – 25 July 1995) was an Iranian royal and the fourth and last wife of Reza Shah.

Esmat Dowlatshahi
Esmat Dowlatshahi.jpg
Born1905 (1905)
Tehran, Iran
Died25 July 1995(1995-07-25) (aged 89–90)
Tehran, Iran
Burial
SpouseReza Shah (m. 1923 – death 1944)
Mohsen Rais
IssuePrince Abdul Reza
Prince Ahmad Reza
Prince Mahmoud Reza
Princess Fatimeh
Prince Hamid Reza
HouseQajar dynasty (by birth)
Pahlavi dynasty (by marriage)
FatherPrince Gholam Ali Mirza Dowlatshahi
MotherMobtahej Od-dowlah Morad

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Dowlatshahi was born in 1905.[2][3] She was a member of the Qajar dynasty.[4] Her parents were cousins.[5] Her father was Gholam Ali Mirza "Mojalal Dowleh" Dowlatshahi (1878–1934).[6] Her mother was Mobtahedj-od-Dowleh, daughter of Ebtehadj Saltaneh and Abou Nasr Mirza "Hessam Saltaneh II".[5] Her paternal grandfather was Hessam-Saltaneh I.[5] She had two brothers and one sister.[7] Mehrangiz Dowlatshahi, member of the Majlis and Iranian ambassador, was her cousin.[8]

MarriageEdit

 
Tomb of Esmat Dolatshahi (2nd from the left) in Behesht-e Zahrā cemetery

Princess Esmat Dowlatshahi and Reza Shah wed in 1923.[8][9] She was his fourth, last and favourite wife.[10][11] Reza Shah was the minister of war when they married.[8] From this marriage five children were born: Abdul Reza, Ahmad Reza, Mahmoud Reza, Fatimeh and Hamid Reza Pahlavi.[4] When Dowlatshahi's husband became Shah of Iran in 1925, she became empress consort,[3] which she held until 1941 when her husband was deposed.

Dowlatshahi and Reza Shah lived in the Marble palace in Tehran with their children.[10] She accompanied her husband to Mauritius who exiled there in September 1941, and returned to Iran after a few months.[12] Following Reza Shah's death, Dowlatshahi married Mohsen Rais.[13]

Later life and deathEdit

Dowlatshahi stayed in Iran after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.[12] She died on 25 July 1995.[14] She was buried in the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery, Tehran.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://seemorgh.com/culture/history-and-civilization/history-and-civilization-of-iran/22609-22609/
  2. ^ "Esmat Dowlatshahi". GeneaNet. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Esmat Dowlatshahi – (1904 – 1995)". A Bit of History. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  4. ^ a b "The Qajars (Kadjars) and the Pahlavis". Qajar Pages. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Dowlatshahi-Qajar (Kadjar)". Qajar Pages. Archived from the original on 20 November 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Dowlatshahi family". Qajar Pages. Archived from the original on 23 February 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  7. ^ "The Qajar Dynasty (Dowlatshahi, Jalali)". Royal Ark. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Camron Michael Amin (1 December 2002). The Making of the Modern Iranian Woman: Gender, State Policy, and Popular Culture, 1865-1946. University Press of Florida. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-8130-3126-2. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  9. ^ Cyrus Ghani (6 January 2001). Iran and the Rise of the Reza Shah: From Qajar Collapse to Pahlavi Power. I.B.Tauris. p. 425. ISBN 978-1-86064-629-4. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  10. ^ a b Diana Childress (2011). Equal Rights Is Our Minimum Demand: The Women's Rights Movement in Iran 2005. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-7613-7273-8. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Iranian Princess Fatemeh Pahlavi". Beaver Country Times. London. 2 June 1987. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  12. ^ a b Jangravi, Mehdi. "Reza Shah's Wives". Institute for Iranian Studies. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  13. ^ "The Qajar Dynasty (Firouz, Farmanfarmaian, Farman-Farmaian, and Mossadeq)". Royal Ark. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Reza Shah Pahlavi". Iran Chamber Society. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery". Harmsen. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013.