Ernst Hammer

Ernst Hammer (20 October 1884 – 2 December 1957) was a German-Austrian officer of four armies since 1 October 1903, entering as a one-year volunteer.[1] He was Oberleutnant of the Common Army, Hauptmann of the k.u.k. Armee, Generalmajor of the Bundesheer (transferred to the German Army 15 March 1938), Generalleutnant of the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. As commander of the 75th Infantry division, he ordered his soldiers to shoot female Soviet POW's on the spot.

Dipl.-Ing. Ernst Hammer
Born20 October 1884
Falkenau an der Eger, Egerland
Died2 December 1957(1957-12-02) (aged 73)
AllegianceAustria-Hungary Austria–Hungary (to 1918)
Austria Austrian Republic (to 1938)
 Nazi Germany
Years of service1903–45
Commands held75. Infanterie-Division
Division Nr. 190
190. Infanterie-Division
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Awards and decorationsEdit


  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
  1. ^ Generalleutnant Ing. Ernst Hammer
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 176.
Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of 75. Infanterie-Division
1 September 1939 - 5 September 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Erich Diestel
Preceded by
Generalmajor Albert Newiger
Commander of Division Nr. 190
10 November 1942 - 4 November 1944
Succeeded by
Renamed 190. Infanterie-Division
Preceded by
Previously Division Nr. 190
Commander of 190. Infanterie-Division
4 November 1944 - 13 April 1945
Succeeded by