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Epiphragmophoridae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[3] This family has no subfamilies.[3]

Minaselates paradoxa.png
live Minaselates paradoxa
Epiphragmophora clausomphalos 01.jpg
Epiphragmophora clausomphalos shell
Scientific classification

65 species

Shileyko (2004) listed 40 species within Epiphragmophoridae.[4] There are recognized 65 species within Epiphragmophoridae in 2017.[2]



This family is defined by the absence of a diverticulum. These snails have one dart apparatus with a stylophore (dart sac), and one or two mucus glands that are inserted on the dart sac and on the accessory sac, or at the base of the dart sac.[citation needed]


Genera within the family Epiphragmophoridae include:


  1. ^ Hoffmann H. (1928). Dr. H. G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tier-Reichs Band 3, Mollusca. Abteilung 2, Gastropoda. Buch 2, Pulmonata. Lieferung 151. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig: 1221-1354. page 1239.
  2. ^ a b c Cuezzo, Maria Gabriela; Pena, Meire Silva (2017-04-27). "Minaselates, a new genus and new species of Epiphragmophoridae from Brazil (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Helicoidea)". Zoologia. 34: 1–12. doi:10.3897/zoologia.34.e13230. ISSN 1984-4689.
  3. ^ a b c Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Schileyko A. A. (2004). "Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, Part 12: Bradybaenidae, Monadeniidae, Xanthonychidae, Epiphragmophoridae, Helminthoglyptidae, Elonidae, Humboldtianidae, Sphincterochilidae, Cochlicellidae". Ruthenica, Supplement 2, Moscow. (ISSN 0136-0027)
  5. ^ Döring, D. A. (1874). "Apuntes sobre la fauna de moluscos de la Republica Argentina". Boletin de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas. 1 (424–460): 446.
  6. ^ Cuezzo, M. G. (2006). "Systematic Revision and Cladistic Analysis of Epiphragmophora Doering from Argentina and Southern Bolivia (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Xanthonychidae)". Malacologia. 49 (1): 121–188. doi:10.4002/1543-8120-49.1.121.

Further readingEdit

  • Fernández, D.; Rumi, A. (1984). "Revisión del género Epiphragmophora de la malacofauna terrestre Argentina". Acta Zoológica Lilloana. 37 (2): 231–272.

External linksEdit