Enshi City

Enshi (Chinese: 恩施; pinyin: Ēnshī) is a county-level city in and the seat of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, in western Hubei province, People's Republic of China. The prefecture's legislature, executive and judiciary are seated here, as well as its CPC and Public security bureau.

Enshi

恩施市

Enshih
Panoramio of Enshi City, 2013
Panoramio of Enshi City, 2013
Enshi is located in Hubei
Enshi
Enshi
Location in Hubei
Coordinates (Enshi City government): 30°17′42″N 109°28′47″E / 30.2951°N 109.4796°E / 30.2951; 109.4796Coordinates: 30°17′42″N 109°28′47″E / 30.2951°N 109.4796°E / 30.2951; 109.4796
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHubei
Autonomous prefectureEnshi
Area
 • County-level city3,972 km2 (1,534 sq mi)
 • Urban52.00 km2 (20.08 sq mi)
Elevation
420 m (1,380 ft)
Population
 (2010)[2]
 • County-level city749,574
 • Estimate 
(2017)
857,000
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
 • Urban260,700
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
445000
Area code(s)0718
Websitehbenshi.gov.cn; es.gov.cn
Enshi
Chinese恩施
PostalEnshih
Former name
Chinese
PostalShihnan

The entire county-level city of Enshi has an area of 3,967 square kilometres (1,532 sq mi) and a population of 780,000.[4]

HistoryEdit

The oldest records of Enshi date the Spring and Autumn Period of 776BC. At that time the area was a state known as Bazi, which lasted until 476BC.[5] Enshi then became a county from 475 to 221, prior to it being absorbed into the Chinese Dynasties during the Qin period.[citation needed] In 1925, the city of Enshi formed the Exi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, which in 1935 became the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.[5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map including Enshi (labeled as EN-SHIH (SHIH-NAN) 恩施(施南)) (1954)

Three subdistricts:[1][2][6]

Five towns:

Eight townships:

Other area:

TourismEdit

The city is built alongside the Qing River and is surrounded by forest-covered mountains. The city has many hotels, restaurants and spas. Restaurants here in general cater for Chinese tastes; however there is one western style restaurant called "Mac Home" in the city center. The food in Enshi is spicy and includes many "Hot Pot" style dishes as well as smoked pork and chirzo style sausage meat, spicy fried potatoes and lamb skewers.[citation needed]

There is a beautiful Forest Park in Enshi which offers splendid scenery and views of the city as well as an amusement park. there is an out-door cafe in the park with hammocks which sells fresh ground coffee. During the summer months there is white water rafting tours available on the river.[citation needed]

The City Center has a shopping district catering for most tastes. There is a local night club located under the "shelter bridge" called the "Soho Times".

EconomyEdit

In earlier 2013 Enshi's economy appeared to be booming with many multistory building construction sites in operation. The city is home to a busy college and University. Agriculture in and around the city is strong with almost all available land being used to grow vegetables. There are two hospital campuses in the city, many banks, supermarkets and shops. The city also has a tobacco factory.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

Enshi has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, cool winters, hot, humid summers, and high humidity year-round. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 5.0 °C (41.0 °F) in January to 26.7 °C (80.1 °F) in August, while the annual mean is 16.18 °C (61.1 °F). More than two-thirds of the annual precipitation of 1,470 millimetres (58 in) occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 12% in January to 50% in August, the city receives only 1,212 hours of bright sunshine annually; winter is especially overcast while July thru September is the sunniest period of the year.

TransportationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 恩施市情简介 [Enshi City Overview] (in Chinese). Enshi City People's Government. Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2019. 国土面积3972平方公里,辖13个乡镇、4个办事处、
  2. ^ a b c 恩施市历史沿革 [Enshi City Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2019. 1996年,恩施市面积3814平方千米,{...}2010年第六次人口普查,恩施市常住总人口749574人,其中:舞阳坝街道168902人,六角亭街道53889人,小渡船街道56394人,龙凤镇61862人,崔坝镇34250人,板桥镇14174人,三岔乡30816人,新塘乡37258人,红土乡36179人,沙地乡26019人,白杨坪乡49580人,太阳河乡18275人,屯堡乡39190人,白果乡21789人,芭蕉侗族乡49875人,盛家坝乡30659人,沐抚办事处20463人。 2013年,经省政府批准,省民政厅(鄂民政发[2013]22号)同意恩施市白杨坪乡撤乡建镇。调整后,全市辖3个街道、4个镇、9个乡:舞阳坝街道、六角亭街道、小渡船街道、龙凤镇、崔家坝镇、板桥镇、白杨坪镇、三岔乡、新塘乡、红土乡、沙地乡、太阳河乡、屯堡乡、白果乡、芭蕉侗族乡、盛家坝乡。
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 66. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Profile of Enshi City" (in Chinese). Official website of Enshi city government. Archived from the original on April 22, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  5. ^ a b https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/hubei/2010-06/19/content_9992970.htm Factsheet from "China Daily", sourced from "China Knowledge"
  6. ^ 2017年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:恩施市 [2017 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Enshi City] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2019. 统计用区划代码 名称 422801001000 舞阳坝街道办事处 422801002000 六角亭街道办事处 422801003000 小渡船街道办事处 422801100000 龙凤镇 422801101000 崔坝镇 422801102000 板桥镇 422801103000 白杨坪镇 422801104000 三岔镇 422801201000 新塘乡 422801202000 红土乡 422801203000 沙地乡 422801204000 太阳河乡 422801205000 屯堡乡 422801206000 白果乡 422801207000 芭蕉侗族乡 422801208000 盛家坝乡 422801400000 沐抚办事处
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  8. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  9. ^ Qing Jiang Bridge Archived 2011-10-07 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit