Engineers Museum

The Engineers Museum (officially The pioneer museum,[2] in Finnish: valtakunnallinen, i.e., all-national, Pioneerimuseo, in Russian: Музей саперных войск) is the oldest corps museum in Finland. It was opened 13 May 1945 in the garrison of Koria, which was the part of Elimäki municipality, now Kouvola town. The Engineers Museum has the status of the scientific military museum and it is supervised by the Military Museum of Finland (in Finnish: Sotamuseo). The Engineers Museum was re-opened in Miehikkälä in 2007.[3]

Pioneerimuseo
The pioneer museum
(The Engineers Museum)

Музей саперных войск
Pioniermuseum
Established12 May 1945 in Koria to 2004
30 June 2007 in Miehikkälä
LocationKeskustie 21, FI-49700 MIEHIKKÄLÄ, Finland
N 60°39.943' E 027°41.566' [1]
TypeScience museum
Visitorsfrom 1800 to 2200 annually
open from Tuesday to Sunday in June, July and August
Directorlieutenant colonel, retired, Jaakko Martikainen
jaakko.martikainen (a) pioneeriaselajinliitto.net
Websitehttp://www.pioneerimuseo.fi
languages of correspondence: English and Finnish
eila.manninen (a) miehikkala.fi

The Engineers Museum will stay in Miehikkälä still in 2012. In 2013 it will be opened in Hämeenlinna near The Artillery Museum of Finland. Two other attractions related to the Engineer corps of Finland will stay at their present places: Salpa Line museum and the Bunker museum.

HistoryEdit

The history of the museum starts in 1929, when second lieutenant Eero-Eetu Saarinen made a proposal to the commander of the engineer battalion, concerning an engineer corps museum. The engineer troops started to collect materials for the museum, but the collection was lost during the Winter War.

On 12 May 1945 lieutenant colonel Eero-Eetu Saarinen delivered an opening speech of the museum. The museum was located in the barracks until 1965, when the municipality of Elimäki donated a log house to the museum, so it could become enlarged.

By the beginning of the 1970s it became obvious that a new building would be needed. In the Koria garrison area, which was the main base of the Engineers corps, a new main building was built and opened by lieutenant colonel Eero-Eetu Saarinen on 25 July 1974 in Kivimäki of Koria. The next year, in 1975, the Pioneeriaselajin Liitto ry, was established to govern the museum.

The other building was built and opened in 1976. The construction site manager and inspector was military technician Arvo Tolmunen.[4] The corps museum was granted an officials status as an official war historical museum by the minister of defence, Veikko Pihlajamäki, 24 March 1987.

When the Kymi Engineer Battalion was moved from Koria to the Vekaranjärvi garrison of the Karelia Brigade, the museum in Koria was closed and the exhibits were packed and delivered to other locations. Most of the exhibits ended up to Kouvola and were burned also a kind of vandalism destroyed the materials.

New startEdit

Kouvola municipality had planned to support the museum, but the idea did not survive, so that the registered Union of the Engineers Corps.[4] Until the beginning of the 2000s a new plan was made in cooperation with Miehikkälä municipality. In 2003 a project for opening the museum was started with the financial help of the European Union structural funds. The general headquarters did not take the museum to the category of the further developed museums on 4 March 2004, but it was added to the list 18 May 2005.

ExhibitionsEdit

The museum will be open in June, July and August, from 10 o'clock to 18 o'clock. The museum has a relatively small number of visitors due to the distant location. In the same region there are two other museums related to the military engineering: Salpa-museo (The Salpa defence line museum) and Bunkkerimuseo (The bunker museum).

Main buildingEdit

In the main exhibition there are about 500 exhibits. Specialities in the main building are models of the Kiviniemi, Vuoksi ja Syvärinniska field bridges. On the other half of the main building there is the Pitäjämuseo, a local rural museum presenting the past agrarian life from the point of view of the household woodware.rf

Kiviniemi bridgeEdit

There has been at least six bridges over the Vuoksi river in Sakkola. The first known bridge was a wooden bridge in the 1800s, which was replaced by a stone bridge in 1827. The Vuoksi river was enlargened and the flow eroded the soil structures of the stone bridge, so that it had to be break down. Nordestam senate in 1870 authorised rebuilding, which was started in 1878, but the works ended during the first phases of the construction works.

According to the next plan the new bridge was to be built, in the new place, onto the narrowest part of the Kiviniemi falls area, 300 metres further from the place, where the bridge had been two times. The new length of the bridge would be 74.8 metres. The construction works started in winter 1876 and the bridge was opened for the traffic in 1878. The budget of the construction works reached 139,000 Finnish marks.

During the Winter War the Finns explored the bridge. The Soviets built another bridge from steel after the Moscow Peace Treaty of 1940 in the inter-war period. Before the advancing Finnish troops reached the bridge, the Soviet troops explored the bridge in the beginning of the Continuation War in 1941. The Finns built a railway bridge from steel, which was destroyed in 1944. Now there is a Soviet made bridge made of steel crossing Vuoksi.[5]

 
An anti-tank armoured assault vehicle Sturmgeschütz III Ausf. G

Front- and backyardEdit

There is a Sturmgeschütz III Ausf. G on the frontyard of the museum, On the backyard there are several aluminic assault boats, KrAZ lorry with and without a pontoon bridge equipment. The heaviest vehicle is a T-72 main battle tank with a mine plough.

CollectionsEdit

There are about 3 700 collectibles in the museum.

Salpa CentreEdit

The Salpa Centre (Salpakeskus), which was established 7 July 2005, is a voluntary consortium of four participating communities: The Engineers Museum (governed by the Union of the Engineer Corps), The Salpa (Defence) Line Museum and the Salpa Line Tradition Association, the registered society, (Salpalinjan perinneyhdistys ry), both in Miehikkälä, the Bunker Museum in Virolahti.

The parties have been cooperation in developing the Bunker Museum, Engineers Museum and Salpa Line Museum with the support of the European union structural funds for less than a decade.

On the Salpa defence line there will be organised annually a hiking tour.[6] The 19th Salpa trekking was to take place in 2012 from 29 June to 1 July.[7] The Salpa defence line is in some parts relatively good condition as it was never needed due to the truce of 5 September 1944 and Moscow Armistice, 19 September 1944, which ended the co-belligerence of Finland with the Greater German Realm and made the Lapland War inevitable.

Open hoursEdit

Month Weekday Hours
June Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun 10–18
July Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun 10-18
August Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun 10-18 [8]

Coordinates: 60°39′57″N 27°34′0″E / 60.66583°N 27.56667°E / 60.66583; 27.56667

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Salpakeskus". salpakeskus.fi. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b Aimo Hattula, the Hakku (Pickaxe) magazine, number 3, 2007, page 7
  5. ^ "Virtuaali Vuoksi - Virtuaalimatka vuoksella - Joki ihmisten haasteena - Kiviniemen silta". lut.fi. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Salpakeskus". salpakeskus.fi. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Turvallisuustarkistus vaaditaan". facebook.com. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Salpakeskus". salpakeskus.fi. Retrieved 24 November 2015.