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Electrical substation In Baghdad

Primary energy use in 2009 in Iraq was 374 TWh and 13 TWh per million persons.[1]

Contents

OverviewEdit

Energy in Iraq[2]
Population (million) Prim. energy
(TWh)
Production
(TWh)
Export
(TWh)
Electricity
(TWh)
CO2-emission
(Mt)
2004 25.4 346 1,203 851 31.6 81.2
2007 27.5 385 1,219 824 32.3 91.5
2008 28.2 395 1,369 966 35.8 97.4
2009 29.0 374 1,391 1,009 33.2 98.8
2010 32.32 440 1,466 1,017 37.9 104.5
2012 32.96 468 1,652 1,172 42.6 108.3
2012R 32.58 524 1,804 1,275 48.3 119.0
2013 33.42 582 1,833 1,249 60.7 137.9
Change 2004–2010 27% 27% 22% 20% 20% 29%
Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent) = 11.63 TWh (terawatt-hours).
Primary energy includes energy losses.
2012R: CO2 calculation criteria changed; numbers updated.

Oil productionEdit

 
Iraqi oil production has surged after years of disorder.[3]

In 2008, Iraq was the 9th highest crude oil exporter with 88 Mt.[4]

Oil provided 85% of government income. Iraq's oil reserves were the third biggest in the world, after Saudi Arabia and Iran. In 2009 the Iraq government set a target to increase oil production from 2.5-million-barrels (400,000 m3) to 7-million-barrels-per-day (1,100,000 m3/d) in six years. In June 2009 oil production rights in the Rumaila oil field were sold to BP and China National Petroleum[5][6] for 20 years contracts. Investments are estimated as $10–20 billion. Field reserves are 16.998 billion barrels (2.7025×109 m3). In October 2009 Rumaila’s capacity was 1.1 million barrels per day (170,000 m3/d). Iraq's total oil production was 2.4 Mbbl/d (380,000 m3/d).[7]

A second auction took place in December 2009, and Iraq sold rights to seven oil fields for 20 years, increasing oil production 4.7 million barrels per day (750,000 m3/d) in future. The production companies will receive between $1 and $5.5 per barrel produced:[5][6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2011 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ "Country Analysis Brief: Iraq". US Energy Information Administration. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016. 
  4. ^ IEA Key statistics 2010
  5. ^ a b Irak huutokauppasi seitsemän öljykenttää yle 12.12.2009
  6. ^ a b Irak huutokauppaa öljykenttiä yle 11.12.2009
  7. ^ Rasheed, Ahmed (8 October 2009). "Iraq signs deal with BP, CNPC for Rumaila field". Reuters.