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Corruption is pervasive at all levels of government in Iraq. Public survey from Transparency International indicates that a majority of general public is not satisfied with the government's current efforts in fighting corruption.[1] Transparency International's 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks the country 169th place out of 180 countries.[2]

The 2018 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions index ranked Iraq 168 out of 180. Iraq averaged 162.19 from 2003 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 178 in 2007 and a record low of 113 in 2003.[3][4]

DynamicsEdit

Political parties and public servants are considered corrupt, and petty corruption is highly institutionalized in Iraqi society.[5]

Corruption is considered an obstacle for doing business in Iraq, and red tape and inefficiency continue to persist. Government contracting is an area reported to be affected by high-levels of illicit activity, and public contracts are often awarded to companies connected to political leaders. Investors may come under pressure to take on well-connected local partners to avoid bureaucratic hurdles.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Global Corruption Barometer 2013". Transparency International. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Corruption Perception Index 2017".
  3. ^ e.V, Transparency International. "Corruption Perceptions Index 2018". www.transparency.org. Retrieved 2019-10-09.
  4. ^ "Transparency International - Iraq". www.transparency.org. Retrieved 2019-10-09.
  5. ^ "Global Corruption Barometer 2013". Transparency International. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Iraq Country Profile". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Retrieved 14 July 2015.

External linksEdit