Corruption Perceptions Index

Map showing countries and territories according to the Corruption Perceptions Index, 2020, in ascending order.
  90–99
  80–89
  70–79
  60–69
  50–59
  40–49
  30–39
  20–29
  10–19
  0–9
  Data unavailable

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an index published annually by Berlin-based Transparency International since 1995 which ranks countries "by their perceived levels of public sector[1] corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys."[2] The CPI generally defines corruption as an "abuse of entrusted power for private gain".[3]

The 2020 CPI, published in January of 2021, currently ranks 180 countries "on a scale from 100 (very clean) to 0 (highly corrupt)" based on the situation between May 2019 and May 2020.[4][5] In the list, Denmark, Finland, New Zealand, Sweden, Singapore and Switzerland are perceived as the top 6 least corrupt nations in the world, ranking consistently high among international financial transparency, while the most perceived corrupt country in the world is Somalia, scoring 8–10 out of 100 since 2012.[6] South Sudan is also perceived as one of the most corrupt countries in the world due to constant social and economic crises, ranking an average score of 13 out of 100 in 2018.[7]

MethodsEdit

Transparency International commissioned the University of Passau's Johann Graf Lambsdorff to produce the CPI.[8] The 2012 CPI takes into account 16 different surveys and assessments from 12 different institutions.[9] The 13 surveys/assessments are either business people opinion surveys or performance assessments from a group of analysts.[3] Early CPIs used public opinion surveys.[10] The institutions are:[11]

Countries need to be evaluated by at least three sources to appear in the CPI.[10] The CPI measures perception of corruption due to the difficulty of measuring absolute levels of corruption.[12]

ValidityEdit

A study published in 2012 found a "very strong significant correlation" between the Corruption Perceptions Index and two other proxies for corruption: black market activity and an overabundance of regulation.[13]

All three metrics also had a highly significant correlation with real gross domestic product per capita (RGDP/Cap); the Corruption Perceptions Index correlation with RGDP/Cap was the strongest, explaining over three fourths of the variance.[13] (Note that a lower on this scale reflects greater corruption, so that countries with higher RGDPs generally had less corruption.)

Economic implicationsEdit

Research papers published in 2007 and 2008 examined the economic consequences of corruption perception, as defined by the CPI. The researchers found a correlation between a higher CPI and higher long-term economic growth,[14] as well as an increase in GDP growth of 1.7% for every unit increase in a country's CPI score.[15] Also shown was a power-law dependence linking higher CPI score to higher rates of foreign investment in a country.

RankingsEdit

Legend:

Scores Perceived as less corrupt Perceived as more corrupt
99–90 89–80 79–70 69–60 59–50 49–40 39-30 29–20 19–10 9–0

2012–2020Edit

2012–2020 Corruption Perceptions Index table[16]
Rank Nation or Territory 2020[17] 2019[18] 2018[19] 2017[20] 2016[21] 2015[22] 2014[23] 2013[24] 2012[25]
Score Delta Score Delta Score Delta Score Delta Score Delta Score Delta Score Delta Score Delta Score
1  Denmark
88
Increase 1
87
Decrease 1
88
Steady
88
Decrease 2
90
Decrease 1
91
Decrease 1
92
Increase 1
91
Increase 1
90
1  New Zealand
88
Increase 1
87
Steady
87
Decrease 2
89
Decrease 1
90
Decrease 1
91
Steady
91
Steady
91
Increase 1
90
3  Finland
85
Decrease 1
86
Increase 1
85
Steady
85
Decrease 4
89
Decrease 1
90
Increase 1
89
Steady
89
Decrease 1
90
3  Singapore
85
Steady
85
Steady
85
Increase 1
84
Steady
84
Decrease 1
85
Increase 1
84
Decrease 2
86
Decrease 1
87
3  Sweden
85
Steady
85
Steady
85
Increase 1
84
Decrease 4
88
Decrease 1
89
Increase 2
87
Decrease 2
89
Increase 1
88
3   Switzerland
85
Steady
85
Steady
85
Steady
85
Decrease 1
86
Steady
86
Steady
86
Increase 1
85
Decrease 1
86
7  Norway
84
Steady
84
Steady
84
Decrease 1
85
Steady
85
Decrease 2
87
Increase 1
86
Steady
86
Increase 1
85
8  Netherlands
82
Steady
82
Steady
82
Steady
82
Decrease 1
83
Decrease 4
87
Increase 4
83
Steady
83
Decrease 1
84
9  Germany
80
Steady
80
Steady
80
Decrease 1
81
Steady
81
Steady
81
Increase 2
79
Increase 1
78
Decrease 1
79
9  Luxembourg
80
Steady
80
Decrease 1
81
Decrease 1
82
Increase 1
81
Steady
81
Decrease 1
82
Increase 2
80
Steady
80
11  Australia
77
Steady
77
Steady
77
Steady
77
Decrease 2
79
Steady
79
Decrease 1
80
Decrease 1
81
Decrease 4
85
11  Canada
77
Steady
77
Decrease 4
81
Decrease 1
82
Steady
82
Decrease 1
83
Increase 2
81
Steady
81
Decrease 3
84
11  Hong Kong
77
Increase 1
76
Steady
76
Decrease 1
77
Steady
77
Increase 2
75
Increase 1
74
Decrease 1
75
Decrease 2
77
11  United Kingdom
77
Steady
77
Decrease 3
80
Decrease 2
82
Increase 1
81
Steady
81
Increase 3
78
Increase 2
76
Increase 2
74
15  Austria
76
Decrease 1
77
Increase 1
76
Increase 1
75
Steady
75
Decrease 1
76
Increase 4
72
Increase 3
69
Steady
69
15  Belgium
76
Increase 1
75
Steady
75
Steady
75
Decrease 2
77
Steady
77
Increase 1
76
Increase 1
75
Steady
75
17  Estonia
75
Increase 1
74
Increase 1
73
Increase 2
71
Increase 1
70
Steady
70
Increase 1
69
Increase 1
68
Increase 4
64
17  Iceland
75
Decrease 3
78
Increase 2
76
Decrease 1
77
Decrease 1
78
Decrease 1
79
Steady
79
Increase 1
78
Decrease 4
82
19  Japan
74
Increase 1
73
Steady
73
Steady
73
Increase 1
72
Decrease 3
75
Decrease 1
76
Increase 2
74
Steady
74
20  Ireland
72
Decrease 2
74
Increase 1
73
Decrease 1
74
Increase 1
73
Decrease 2
75
Increase 1
74
Increase 2
72
Increase 3
69
21  United Arab Emirates
71
Steady
71
Increase 1
70
Decrease 1
71
Increase 5
66
Decrease 4
70
Steady
70
Increase 1
69
Increase 1
68
21  Uruguay
71
Steady
71
Increase 1
70
Steady
70
Decrease 1
71
Decrease 3
74
Increase 1
73
Steady
73
Increase 1
72
23  France
69
Steady
69
Decrease 3
72
Increase 2
70
Increase 1
69
Decrease 1
70
Increase 1
69
Decrease 2
71
Steady
71
24  Bhutan
68
Steady
68
Steady
68
Increase 1
67
Increase 2
65
Steady
65
Steady
65
Increase 2
63
Steady
63
25  Chile
67
Steady
67
Steady
67
Steady
67
Increase 1
66
Decrease 4
70
Decrease 3
73
Increase 2
71
Decrease 1
72
25  United States
67
Decrease 2
69
Decrease 2
71
Decrease 4
75
Increase 1
74
Decrease 2
76
Increase 2
74
Increase 1
73
Steady
73
27  Seychelles
66
Steady
66
Steady
66
Increase 6
60
Increase 5 Steady
55
Steady
55
Increase 1
54
Increase 2
52
28  Taiwan
65
Steady
65
Increase 2
63
Steady
63
Increase 2
61
Decrease 1
62
Increase 1
61
Steady
61
Steady
61
29  Barbados
64
Increase 2
62
Decrease 6
68
Steady
68
Increase 7
61
Steady Steady
74
Decrease 1
75
Decrease 1
76
30  Bahamas
63
Decrease 1
64
Decrease 1
65
Steady
65
Decrease 1
66
Steady Steady
71
Steady
71
Steady
71
30  Qatar
63
Increase 1
62
Steady
62
Decrease 1
63
Increase 2
61
Decrease 10
71
Increase 2
69
Increase 1
68
Steady
68
32  Spain
62
Steady
62
Increase 4
58
Increase 1
57
Decrease 1
58
Steady
58
Decrease 2
60
Increase 1
59
Decrease 6
65
33  South Korea
61
Increase 2
59
Increase 2
57
Increase 3
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 3
56
Increase 1
55
Steady
55
Decrease 1
56
33  Portugal
61
Decrease 1
62
Decrease 2
64
Increase 1
63
Increase 1
62
Decrease 1
63
Steady
63
Increase 1
62
Decrease 1
63
35  Botswana
60
Decrease 1
61
Steady
61
Steady
61
Increase 1
60
Decrease 3
63
Steady
63
Decrease 1
64
Decrease 1
65
35  Brunei
60
Steady
60
Decrease 3
63
Increase 1
62
Increase 4
58
Steady Steady Steady
60
Increase 5
55
35  Israel
60
Steady
60
Decrease 1
61
Decrease 1
62
Decrease 2
64
Increase 3
61
Increase 1
60
Decrease 1
61
Increase 1
60
35  Lithuania
60
Steady
60
Increase 1
59
Steady
59
Steady
59
Decrease 2
61
Increase 3
58
Increase 1
57
Increase 3
54
35  Slovenia
60
Steady
60
Steady
60
Decrease 1
61
Steady
61
Increase 1
60
Increase 2
58
Increase 1
57
Decrease 4
61
40  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
59
Steady
59
Increase 1
58
Steady
58
Decrease 2
60
Steady Steady
67
Increase 5
62
Steady
62
41  Cape Verde
58
Steady
58
Increase 1
57
Increase 2
55
Decrease 4
59
Increase 4
55
Decrease 2
57
Decrease 1
58
Decrease 2
60
42  Costa Rica
57
Increase 1
56
Steady
56
Decrease 3
59
Increase 1
58
Increase 3
55
Increase 1
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 1
54
42  Cyprus
57
Decrease 1
58
Decrease 1
59
Increase 2
57
Increase 2
55
Decrease 6
61
Decrease 2
63
Steady
63
Decrease 3
66
42  Latvia
57
Increase 1
56
Decrease 2
58
Steady
58
Increase 1
57
Increase 2
55
Steady
55
Increase 2
53
Increase 4
49
45  Georgia
56
Steady
56
Decrease 2
58
Increase 2
56
Decrease 1
57
Increase 5
52
Steady
52
Increase 3
49
Decrease 3
52
45  Poland
56
Decrease 2
58
Decrease 2
60
Steady
60
Decrease 2
62
Steady
62
Increase 1
61
Increase 1
60
Increase 2
58
45  Saint Lucia
56
Increase 1
55
Steady
55
Steady
55
Decrease 5
60
Steady Steady Steady
71
Steady
71
48  Dominica
55
Steady
55
Decrease 2
57
Steady
57
Decrease 2
59
Steady Steady
58
Steady
58
Steady
58
49  Czech Republic
54
Decrease 2
56
Decrease 3
59
Increase 2
57
Increase 2
55
Decrease 1
56
Increase 5
51
Increase 3
48
Decrease 1
49
49  Oman
54
Increase 2
52
Steady
52
Increase 8
44
Decrease 1
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Decrease 2
47
Steady
47
49  Rwanda
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 3
56
Increase 1
55
Increase 1
54
Steady
54
Increase 5
49
Decrease 4
53
Steady
53
52  Grenada
53
Steady
53
Decrease 1
52
Steady
52
Decrease 4
56
Steady Steady Steady Steady
52  Italy
53
Steady
53
Increase 1
52
Increase 2
50
Increase 3
47
Increase 3
44
Increase 1
43
Steady
43
Increase 1
42
52  Malta
53
Decrease 1
54
Steady
54
Decrease 2
56
Increase 1
55
Decrease 1
56
Increase 1
55
Decrease 1
56
Decrease 1
57
52  Mauritius
53
Increase 1
52
Increase 1
51
Increase 1
50
Decrease 4
54
Increase 1
53
Decrease 1
54
Increase 2
52
Decrease 5
57
52  Saudi Arabia
53
Steady
53
Increase 4
49
Steady
49
Increase 3
46
Decrease 6
52
Increase 3
49
Increase 3
46
Increase 2
44
57  Malaysia
51
Decrease 2
53
Increase 6
47
Steady
47
Decrease 2
49
Decrease 1
50
Decrease 2
52
Increase 2
50
Increase 1
49
57  Namibia
51
Decrease 1
52
Decrease 1
53
Increase 2
51
Decrease 1
52
Decrease 1
53
Increase 4
49
Increase 1
48
Steady
48
59  Greece
50
Increase 2
48
Increase 3
45
Decrease 3
48
Increase 4
44
Decrease 2
46
Increase 3
43
Increase 3
40
Increase 4
36
60  Armenia
49
Increase 7
42
Increase 7
35
Steady
35
Increase 2
33
Decrease 2
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 1
36
Increase 2
34
60  Jordan
49
Increase 1
48
Decrease 1
49
Increase 1
48
Steady
48
Decrease 5
53
Increase 4
49
Increase 4
45
Decrease 3
48
60  Slovakia
49
Decrease 1
50
Steady
50
Steady
50
Decrease 1
51
Steady
51
Increase 1
50
Increase 3
47
Increase 1
46
63  Belarus
47
Increase 2
45
Increase 1
44
Steady
44
Increase 4
40
Increase 8
32
Increase 1
31
Increase 2
29
Decrease 2
31
63  Croatia
47
Steady
47
Decrease 1
48
Decrease 1
49
Steady
49
Decrease 2
51
Increase 3
48
Steady
48
Increase 2
46
63  Cuba
47
Decrease 1
48
Increase 1
47
Steady
47
Steady
47
Steady
47
Increase 1
46
Steady
46
Decrease 2
48
63  São Tomé and Príncipe
47
Increase 1
46
Steady
46
Steady
46
Steady
46
Increase 4
42
Steady
42
Steady
42
Steady
42
67  Montenegro
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Decrease 1
46
Increase 1
45
Increase 1
44
Increase 2
42
Decrease 2
44
Increase 3
41
67  Senegal
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Steady
45
Increase 1
44
Increase 1
43
Increase 2
41
Increase 5
36
69  Bulgaria
44
Increase 1
43
Increase 1
42
Decrease 1
43
Increase 2
41
Steady
41
Decrease 2
43
Increase 2
41
Steady
41
69  Hungary
44
Steady
44
Decrease 2
46
Increase 1
45
Decrease 3
48
Decrease 3
51
Decrease 3
54
Steady
54
Decrease 1
55
69  Jamaica
44
Increase 1
43
Decrease 1
44
Steady
44
Increase 5
39
Decrease 2
41
Increase 3
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
69  Romania
44
Steady
44
Decrease 3
47
Decrease 1
48
Steady
48
Increase 2
46
Increase 3
43
Steady
43
Decrease 1
44
69  South Africa
44
Steady
44
Increase 1
43
Steady
43
Decrease 2
45
Increase 1
44
Steady
44
Increase 2
42
Decrease 1
43
69  Tunisia
44
Increase 1
43
Steady
43
Increase 1
42
Increase 1
41
Increase 3
38
Decrease 2
40
Decrease 1
41
Steady
41
75  Ghana
43
Increase 2
41
Steady
41
Increase 1
40
Decrease 3
43
Decrease 4
47
Decrease 1
48
Increase 2
46
Increase 1
45
75  Maldives
43
Increase 14
29
Decrease 2
31
Decrease 2
33
Decrease 3
36
Steady Steady Steady Steady
75  Vanuatu
43
Increase 3
46
Steady
46
Decrease 3
43
Steady Steady Steady Steady Steady
78  Argentina
42
Decrease 3
45
Increase 5
40
Increase 1
39
Increase 3
36
Increase 4
32
Decrease 2
34
Steady
34
Decrease 1
35
78  Bahrain
42
Steady
42
Increase 6
36
Steady
36
Decrease 7
43
Decrease 8
51
Increase 2
49
Increase 1
48
Decrease 3
51
78  China
42
Increase 1
41
Increase 2
39
Decrease 2
41
Increase 1
40
Increase 3
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 4
40
Increase 1
39
78  Kuwait
42
Increase 2
40
Decrease 1
41
Increase 2
39
Decrease 2
41
Decrease 8
49
Increase 5
44
Increase 1
43
Decrease 1
44
78  Solomon Islands
42
Steady
42
Decrease 2
44
Increase 5
39
Decrease 3
42
Steady Steady Steady Steady
83  Benin
41
Steady
41
Increase 1
40
Increase 1
39
Increase 3
36
Decrease 1
37
Decrease 2
39
Increase 3
36
Steady
36
83  Guyana
41
Increase 1
40
Increase 3
37
Decrease 1
38
Increase 4
34
Increase 5
29
Decrease 1
30
Increase 3
27
Decrease 1
28
83  Lesotho
41
Increase 1
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Increase 3
39
Decrease 5
44
Decrease 5
49
Steady
49
Increase 4
45
86  Burkina Faso
40
Steady
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Steady
42
Increase 4
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
86  India
40
Decrease 1
41
Steady
41
Increase 1
40
Steady
40
Increase 2
38
Steady
38
Increase 2
36
Steady
36
86  Morocco
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 2
43
Increase 3
40
Increase 3
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 3
39
Increase 2
37
Steady
37
86  Timor-Leste
40
Increase 2
38
Increase 3
35
Decrease 3
38
Increase 3
35
Increase 7
28
Steady
28
Decrease 2
30
Decrease 3
33
86  Trinidad and Tobago
40
Steady
40
Decrease 1
41
Steady
41
Increase 6
35
Decrease 4
39
Increase 1
38
Steady
38
Decrease 1
39
86  Turkey
40
Increase 1
39
Decrease 2
41
Increase 1
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Decrease 3
45
Decrease 5
50
Increase 1
49
92  Colombia
39
Increase 2
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 1
37
Steady
37
Steady
37
Steady
37
Increase 1
36
Steady
36
92  Ecuador
39
Increase 1
38
Increase 4
34
Increase 2
32
Increase 1
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 1
33
Decrease 2
35
Increase 3
32
94  Brazil
38
Increase 3
35
Steady
35
Decrease 2
37
Decrease 3
40
Increase 2
38
Decrease 5
43
Increase 1
42
Decrease 1
43
94  Ethiopia
38
Increase 1
37
Increase 3
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 1
34
Increase 1
33
Steady
33
Steady
33
Steady
33
94  Kazakhstan
38
Increase 4
34
Increase 3
31
Steady
31
Increase 2
29
Increase 1
28
Decrease 1
29
Increase 3
26
Decrease 2
28
94  Peru
38
Increase 2
36
Increase 1
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
94  Serbia
38
Decrease 1
39
Steady
39
Decrease 2
41
Decrease 1
42
Increase 2
40
Decrease 1
41
Decrease 1
42
Increase 3
39
94  Sri Lanka
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Increase 2
36
Decrease 1
37
Decrease 1
38
Increase 1
37
Decrease 3
40
94  Suriname
38
Decrease 6
44
Increase 1
43
Increase 2
41
Decrease 4
45
Increase 9
36
Steady
36
Steady
36
Decrease 1
37
94  Tanzania
38
Increase 1
37
Increase 1
36
Steady
36
Increase 4
32
Increase 2
30
Decrease 1
31
Decrease 2
33
Decrease 2
35
102  Gambia
37
Steady
37
Steady
37
Increase 7
30
Increase 4
26
Decrease 2
28
Decrease 1
29
Increase 1
28
Decrease 6
34
102  Indonesia
37
Decrease 3
40
Increase 2
38
Increase 1
37
Steady
37
Increase 1
36
Increase 2
34
Increase 2
32
Steady
32
104  Albania
36
Increase 1
35
Decrease 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Decrease 1
39
Increase 3
36
Increase 3
33
Increase 2
31
Decrease 2
33
104  Algeria
36
Increase 1
35
Steady
35
Increase 2
33
Decrease 1
34
Decrease 2
36
Steady
36
Steady
36
Increase 2
34
104  Ivory Coast
36
Increase 1
35
Steady
35
Decrease 1
36
Increase 2
34
Increase 2
32
Steady
32
Increase 5
27
Decrease 2
29
104  El Salvador
36
Increase 2
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 2
33
Decrease 3
36
Decrease 3
39
Steady
39
Increase 1
38
Steady
38
104  Kosovo
36
Steady
36
Decrease 1
37
Decrease 2
39
Increase 3
36
Increase 3
33
Steady
33
Steady
33
Decrease 1
34
104  Thailand
36
Steady
36
Steady
36
Decrease 1
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 3
38
Steady
38
Increase 3
35
Decrease 2
37
104  Vietnam
36
Decrease 1
37
Increase 4
33
Decrease 2
35
Increase 2
33
Increase 2
31
Steady
31
Steady
31
Steady
31
111  Bosnia and Herzegovina
35
Decrease 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Steady
38
Decrease 1
39
Increase 1
38
Decrease 1
39
Decrease 3
42
Steady
42
111  Mongolia
35
Steady
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 1
36
Decrease 2
38
Decrease 1
39
Steady
39
Increase 1
38
Increase 2
36
111  North Macedonia
35
Steady
35
Decrease 2
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 2
37
Decrease 5
42
Decrease 3
45
Increase 1
44
Increase 1
43
111  Panama
35
Decrease 1
36
Decrease 1
37
Steady
37
Decrease 1
38
Decrease 1
39
Increase 2
37
Increase 2
35
Decrease 3
38
115  Moldova
34
Increase 2
32
Decrease 1
33
Increase 2
31
Increase 1
30
Decrease 3
33
Decrease 2
35
Steady
35
Decrease 1
36
115  Philippines
34
Steady
34
Decrease 2
36
Increase 2
34
Decrease 1
35
Steady
35
Decrease 3
38
Increase 2
36
Increase 2
34
117  Egypt
33
Decrease 2
35
Steady
35
Increase 3
32
Decrease 2
34
Decrease 2
36
Decrease 1
37
Increase 5
32
Steady
32
117  Eswatini
33
Decrease 1
34
Decrease 4
38
Decrease 1
39
Decrease 4 Steady Steady
43
Increase 4
39
Increase 2
37
117    Nepal
33
Decrease 1
34
Increase 3
31
Steady
31
Increase 2
29
Increase 2
27
Decrease 2
29
Decrease 2
31
Increase 4
27
117  Sierra Leone
33
Steady
33
Increase 3
30
Steady
30
Steady
30
Increase 1
29
Decrease 2
31
Increase 1
30
Decrease 1
31
117  Ukraine
33
Increase 3
30
Decrease 2
32
Increase 2
30
Increase 1
29
Increase 2
27
Increase 1
26
Increase 1
25
Decrease 1
26
117  Zambia
33
Decrease 1
34
Decrease 1
35
Decrease 2
37
Decrease 1
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Steady
38
Increase 1
37
123  Niger
32
Steady
32
Decrease 2
34
Increase 1
33
Decrease 2
35
Increase 1
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 1
34
Increase 1
33
124  Bolivia
31
Steady
31
Increase 2
29
Decrease 4
33
Steady
33
Decrease 1
34
Decrease 1
35
Increase 1
34
Steady
34
124  Kenya
31
Increase 3
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 1
28
Increase 2
26
Increase 1
25
Steady
25
Decrease 2
27
Steady
27
124  Kyrgyzstan
31
Increase 1
30
Increase 1
29
Steady
29
Increase 1
28
Steady
28
Increase 1
27
Increase 3
24
Steady
24
124  Mexico
31
Increase 2
29
Increase 1
28
Decrease 1
29
Decrease 1
30
Decrease 5
35
Steady
35
Increase 1
34
Steady
34
124  Pakistan
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 1
33
Increase 1
32
Steady
32
Increase 2
30
Increase 1
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 1
27
129  Azerbaijan
30
Steady
30
Increase 5
25
Decrease 6
31
Increase 1
30
Increase 1
29
Steady
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 1
27
129  Gabon
30
Decrease 1
31
Steady
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 3
35
Increase 1
34
Decrease 3
37
Increase 3
34
Decrease 1
35
129  Malawi
30
Decrease 1
31
Decrease 1
32
Increase 1
31
Steady
31
Steady
31
Decrease 2
33
Decrease 4
37
Steady
37
129  Mali
30
Increase 1
29
Decrease 3
32
Increase 1
31
Decrease 1
32
Decrease 3
35
Increase 3
32
Increase 4
28
Decrease 6
34
129  Russia
30
Increase 2
28
Steady
28
Decrease 1
29
Steady
29
Steady
29
Increase 2
27
Decrease 1
28
Steady
28
134  Laos
29
Steady
29
Steady
29
Steady
29
Decrease 1
30
Increase 5
25
Steady
25
Decrease 1
26
Increase 5
21
134  Mauritania
29
Increase 1
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 1
28
Increase 1
27
Decrease 4