Endeavour Bridge

The Endeavour Bridge is a road bridge that carries the General Holmes Drive (A1) across the Cooks River, from Mascot to Kyeemagh in the Bayside Council local government area in southern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The bridge is located adjacent to the river mouth, where the Cooks River empties into Botany Bay.

Endeavour Bridge
Endeavour Bridge.JPG
Endeavour Bridge, looking south-east
Endeavour Bridge is located in Sydney
Endeavour Bridge
Location in greater Sydney
Coordinates33°56′50″S 151°10′04″E / 33.947098°S 151.167884°E / -33.947098; 151.167884Coordinates: 33°56′50″S 151°10′04″E / 33.947098°S 151.167884°E / -33.947098; 151.167884
CarriesGeneral Holmes Drive
CrossesCooks River
LocaleMascot, Bayside Council, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Named forHMS Endeavour
OwnerRoads & Maritime Services
Preceded byM5 East Motorway
No. of lanes6
OpenedMay 1951 (1951-05)

The bridge is maintained by Roads & Maritime Services, an agency of the Government of New South Wales.


The Endeavour Bridge was opened to traffic in May 1951 as two, two-lane bridges. The road carries motor vehicles and a grade-separated pedestrian footpath.

It was built due to the diversion of Cooks River required by the expansion of Kingsford-Smith Airport. The bridges were constructed before the water flow was diverted beneath them.[1]

In 1963 the two bridges were widened by extending their decks into the area between them, resulting in one six-lane bridge. This upgrade was undertaken in conjunction with the upgrade of General Holmes Drive from four to six lanes, which was the first upgrading of a 'county road' as part of the County of Cumberland Planning Scheme.[2][self-published source]


The Endeavour Bridge takes its name from HMS Endeavour, the ship commanded by James Cook, an English explorer, navigator and cartographer. Lieutenant Cook and the crew of the Endeavour were the first recorded European expedition to navigate and map the eastern coastline of Australia. They arrived in nearby Botany Bay in 1770.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "FACE-LIFT FOR SYDNEY'S AIRPORT". The Sunday Herald. Sydney. 10 June 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 23 March 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ Rands, Paul; Uch, Viseth (14 April 2019). "SOUTHERN CROSS DRIVE & GENERAL HOLMES DRIVE". OzRoads. Retrieved 29 March 2020.[self-published source]

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