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Elmore is a village in Ottawa and Sandusky counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 1,410 at the 2010 census.

Elmore, Ohio
Elmore in 2012
Elmore in 2012
Location of Elmore, Ohio
Location of Elmore, Ohio
Detailed map of Elmore
Detailed map of Elmore
Coordinates: 41°28′12″N 83°17′32″W / 41.47000°N 83.29222°W / 41.47000; -83.29222Coordinates: 41°28′12″N 83°17′32″W / 41.47000°N 83.29222°W / 41.47000; -83.29222
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountiesOttawa, Sandusky
Government
 • MayorMatt Damschroder
Area
 • Total0.81 sq mi (2.10 km2)
 • Land0.81 sq mi (2.10 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation604 ft (184 m)
Population
 • Total1,410
 • Estimate 
(2018[4])
1,377
 • Density1,740.7/sq mi (672.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43416
Area code(s)419
FIPS code39-25144[5]
GNIS feature ID1048703[2]
Websitehttp://www.villageofelmore.com/

The Ottawa County portion of Elmore is part of the Toledo Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Sandusky County portion is part of the Fremont Micropolitan Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

Elmore is located at 41°28′12″N 83°17′32″W / 41.47000°N 83.29222°W / 41.47000; -83.29222 (41.470067, -83.292115).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.81 square miles (2.10 km2), all land.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18701,131
18801,044−7.7%
18901,19814.8%
19001,025−14.4%
1910937−8.6%
19209370.0%
19301,10718.1%
19401,103−0.4%
19501,21510.2%
19601,3027.2%
19701,3161.1%
19801,271−3.4%
19901,3345.0%
20001,4266.9%
20101,410−1.1%
Est. 20181,377[4]−2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,410 people, 558 households, and 389 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,740.7 inhabitants per square mile (672.1/km2). There were 592 housing units at an average density of 730.9 per square mile (282.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.4% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.7% of the population.

There were 558 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the village was 38.6 years. 27.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,426 people, 588 households, and 406 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,716.6 people per square mile (663.4/km²). There were 606 housing units at an average density of 729.5 per square mile (281.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.48% White, 0.14% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.47% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.28% of the population.

There were 588 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the village, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $40,172, and the median income for a family was $48,550. Males had a median income of $38,958 versus $24,688 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,786. About 3.5% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

HistoryEdit

Elmore is located in what used to be known as the Black Swamp, a sprawling area of marsh that covered the majority of northwest Ohio, and was primarily inhabited by Native Americans until the 19th century. It is believed that the Portage River, which runs alongside the village, most likely derives its name from early explorers who were forced to portage or carry their canoes and boats around the river's intermittent shallows and rapids. German settlers during the first half of the 1800s began the long process of draining the land and clear cutting the dense forest exposing the nutrient rich soil, which, along with a once thriving railroad, provided the foundation for the village’s early growth and development. Elmore was surveyed and platted on 2/10/1851. The land surrounding Elmore is tabletop flat. Several sawmills in the vicinity provided the badly needed "planks" (boards) for the muddy "plank road", designated as U.S. Route 20, between Fremont, Ohio and Perrysburg, Ohio. The Ohio Turnpike replaced US 20 as the main avenue across northern Ohio, but is still widely used. The building of the turnpike in the 1950s affected every town along US 20, illustrated by abandoned motels and restaurants along its course.

Elmore was the site of the original manufacture of the Elmore automobile, one of the first companies bought up by W.C. Durant to form General Motors. The nearby beryllium plant is a key player in nuclear power, nuclear weaponry, and space program technology.

Present-day Elmore is a small community with a business district that has struggled to achieve success in recent years. The New York Central railroad has been gone for many decades, and the village has faced challenges related to a decreased transportation role after construction of the Ohio Turnpike, which bypassed the village. However, the increasing ease of modern travel and the construction of a Turnpike interchange in 1997 have created new opportunities for the village. Many locals commute to Toledo or other near-by cities and towns for work while the village promotes itself as a place for others to play. In recent years, the presence of several new stores has brought some success to the downtown area as a destination and village leaders have attempted to cultivate that image with various measures such as old-fashioned street posts and a refurbished train depot. In recent years, the annual Portage River Festival, various other local events, and a fairly well known headless motorcycle-riding ghost are what tend to bring people into the area.

In 2011, Elmore attracted national news coverage for its unique mayoral race featuring incumbent Lowell Krumnow and his older brother, Councilman James Krumnow.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

Arts and cultureEdit

Elmore is home to Schedel Arboretum and Gardens, the former Victorian estate of a local (limestone) quarry magnate and is now a botanical preserve of national standing. A bike and foot path, several parks, a golf course (Sugar Creek), turn of the century cemeteries, Victorian homes, tree-lined streets, and river-front views are cited by those who describe the village.

The Portage River, which passes alongside the village,[9] plays an important recreational role in the community, and it is not uncommon for locals and visitors alike to be found taking advantage of the river through fishing or other activities. Both Walter Ory Park and Riverbend Park stand along the banks of the river and offer the community additional sources of recreation.

EducationEdit

Woodmore Local Schools operates one elementary school, one middle school, and Woodmore High School.[10]

The village has a public library, the Harris-Elmore Library.[11]

Elmore in literatureEdit

The Village of Elmore plays a central role in Wiffle Ball Summer: The Ride of the Elmoron.[12] The nonfiction title was released in 2011 by Elmore native Geoffrey Arthur Drewyor. The title of the book refers to the community as well, although locals are officially known as ‘Elmorites’ and not ‘Elmorons.’

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/mayors-challenger-in-ohio-small-town-is-his-brother-who-says-its-time-for-fresh-face/2011/10/25/gIQATehcFM_story.html
  9. ^ http://www.tmacog.org/Environment/Portage/NEWS_RELEASE_shock.pdf
  10. ^ "Homepage". Woodmore Local Schools. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Homepage". Harris-Elmore Library. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  12. ^ https://www.amazon.com/Wiffle-Ball-Summer-Elmoron-ebook/dp/B004Q9TESA/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&m=AG56TWVU5XWC2&s=books&qid=1299469788&sr=8-1

External linksEdit