Alexandru "Elek" Schwartz (23 October 1908 – 2 October 2000) was a Romanian footballer and coach of the Dutch national football team. With S.L. Benfica he won the national Championship and Cup trophies of 1965 and led the club into the final of the European Champion Clubs' Cup.
Schwartz in 1972
|Full name||Alexandru Schwartz|
|Date of birth||23 October 1908|
|Place of birth||
(today Recaş, Romania)
|Date of death||2 October 2000(aged 91)|
|Place of death||Haguenau, France|
|1938–1939||Red Star Olympique|
|1953–1955||SF Hamborn 07|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Elek Schwartz initially started playing near his hometown Recaş, in Timişoara. Later he played professional football in the French Ligue 1 with FC Hyères (1932–1934), AS Cannes (1934–36), Racing Strasbourg (1936–38) and Red Star Olympique (1938–39).
Beginnings as coach on the Côte d'AzurEdit
Early years in GermanyEdit
In 1953 he was hired by SF Hamborn 07. In his second season with the club from the suburb of Duisburg he led the club to promotion to the western division of the five ways split first division of Germany, the Oberliga West.
In 1955, he was appointed as manager by then German champions, Rot-Weiss Essen coaching among others Helmut Rahn there. In the next couple of years he led the team to ranks 4 and 8 in the Oberliga West.
Manager of the Dutch national teamEdit
However, this was in an era when Dutch football had yet to achieve the standing it has held since the 1970s. Results varied extremely and included 7–0 defeat to Germany in 1959 in Cologne, as well as back to back 1–0 wins against France and world champions Brazil in 1963. He held the position of national coach until 1964, when Denis Neville replaced him.
European Cup Final with BenficaEdit
After this, Benfica overcame Real Madrid in the quarterfinals of the European Cup of Champions and eventually even made it all the way to the final, where Benfica had to yield to the masters of the Catenaccio, the Helenio Herrera coached team of Inter Milan, who won 1–0, thus failing what would be Benfica's third European Cup title.
Bundesliga with Eintracht Frankfurt and FC Porto spellEdit
From July 1965 to June 1968 Schwartz coached – as successor to Ivica Horvat – Eintracht Frankfurt in the German Bundesliga. There he introduced the 4–2–4 system. Nevertheless, place 4 was as good as it got in the league. During the 1966–67 season he won the International Football Cup and the Coppa delle Alpi. In the same year he led his side to the semifinals of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup.
In 1969–70, he coached FC Porto. Not only that the Dragons exited already in the first round of the national cup competition and in the second round of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup – in the end Porto was only ninth in the league, the club's worst finishing ever.
End of the career in Munich and StrasbourgEdit
In the 1972–73 season, Schwartz coached TSV 1860 Munich, but he could not help them to fulfill their aspirations to return to the Bundesliga after then three years of absence.
After this he guided the Alsatian amateur side SR Haguenau, today's FCSR Haguenau, through the 1978–79 season.
- Van Basten streeft Guus Hiddink voorbij trouw.nl (in Dutch)
- Inter – Benfica Final 1965 UEFA.com
- Mister Schwartz, bănăţeanul care l-a antrenat pe Eusebio romanialibera.ro (in Romanian)
- Goleada com o selo de Yaúca Record (in Portuguese)