2011 Valencian regional election

The 2011 Valencian regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Corts of the Valencian Community. All 99 seats in the Corts were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in twelve other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

2011 Valencian regional election

← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 99 seats in the Corts Valencianes
50 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered3,549,687 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.7%
Turnout2,491,588 (70.2%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Francisco Camps (2009) (Recortada).jpg Jorge Alarte 2012 (cropped).jpg Morera micros.jpg
Leader Francisco Camps Jorge Alarte Enric Morera
Party PP PSPV–PSOE Compromís
Leader since 10 July 2002 28 September 2008 25 January 2010
Leader's seat Valencia Valencia Valencia
Last election 54 seats, 52.5% 38 seats, 34.5% 2 seats (CPV)[a]
Seats won 55 33 6
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg5 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4
Popular vote 1,211,112 687,141 176,213
Percentage 49.4% 28.0% 7.2%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg3.1 pp Red Arrow Down.svg6.5 pp n/a

  Fourth party
  Marga Sanz (Recortada).jpg
Leader Marga Sanz
Party EUPV
Leader since 8 March 2009
Leader's seat Valencia
Last election 5 seats (CPV)[a]
Seats won 5
Seat change Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 144,703
Percentage 5.9%
Swing n/a

ValencianCommunityProvinceMapCorts2011.png
Constituency results map for the Corts Valencianes

President before election

Francisco Camps
PP

Elected President

Francisco Camps
PP

The election was won by the People's Party (PP), which increased its majority despite a drop in its vote share. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) continued its long term decline in the area and, in line with what happened in other regions, obtained one of its worst electoral results since the autonomous community's inception. On the other hand, the electoral alliance between United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) and the Valencian Nationalist Bloc (BNV) which stood in the 2007 election had dissolved, with both parties entering the legislature much at the expense of the declining PSOE.

As a result of the election, Francisco Camps was elected President for a third term in office. However, he resigned just two months into his term in July 2011, being succeeded by Alberto Fabra, who would remain in the post for the remainder of the legislature.

OverviewEdit

Electoral systemEdit

The Corts Valencianes were the devolved, unicameral legislature of the Valencian autonomous community, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government.[1] Voting for the Corts was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Valencian Community and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Valencians abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[2]

The 99 members of the Corts Valencianes were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Alicante, Castellón and Valencia. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 20 seats, with the remaining 39 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations on the condition that the seat to population ratio in any given province did not exceed three times that of any other.[1][3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[3][4][5]

Election dateEdit

After legal amendments in 2006 taking effect after the 2007 election, fixed-term mandates were abolished, instead allowing the term of the Corts Valencianes to expire after an early dissolution. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Journal of the Valencian Community, with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication. The previous election was held on 27 May 2007, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 27 May 2011. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 3 May 2011, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Corts on Sunday, 26 June 2011.[1][3][4][5]

The President of the Government had the prerogative to dissolve the Corts Valencianes and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Corts were to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[1]

Opinion pollsEdit

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 50 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Corts Valencianes.

Color key:   Exit poll

ResultsEdit

OverallEdit

Summary of the 22 May 2011 Corts Valencianes election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,211,112 49.42 –3.10 55 +1
Socialist Party of the Valencian Country (PSPV–PSOE) 687,141 28.04 –6.45 33 –5
BlocInitiativeGreens: Commitment Coalition (Compromís)1 176,213 7.19 n/a 6 +4
United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV)1 144,703 5.90 n/a 5 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 60,859 2.48 New 0 ±0
Greens and Eco-pacifists (VyE) 31,808 1.30 New 0 ±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 12,191 0.50 +0.26 0 ±0
Republican Left of the Valencian Country (ERPV) 11,129 0.45 –0.03 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 9,306 0.38 New 0 ±0
Valencian Coalition (CVa) 9,183 0.37 –0.34 0 ±0
Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL) 8,203 0.33 +0.30 0 ±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 4,222 0.17 New 0 ±0
United for Valencia (UxV) 3,637 0.15 +0.04 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 3,456 0.14 –0.03 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 2,566 0.10 +0.02 0 ±0
Renewal Liberal Centre (CLR) 2,463 0.10 +0.04 0 ±0
National Democracy (DN) 2,151 0.09 +0.06 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,719 0.07 New 0 ±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 1,627 0.07 –0.03 0 ±0
Movement for People's Unity–Republicans (MUP–R) 1,440 0.06 ±0.00 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 1,412 0.06 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1,156 0.05 +0.01 0 ±0
The Republic (La República) 735 0.03 New 0 ±0
Valencian Nationalist Left–European Valencianist Party (ENV–RV–PVE) 677 0.03 New 0 ±0
Spanish Patriotic Social Party (SPES) 585 0.02 New 0 ±0
Foreigners' Party (PdEx) 508 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 60,670 2.48 +1.07
Total 2,450,872 99 ±0
Valid votes 2,450,872 98.37 –0.96
Invalid votes 40,716 1.63 +0.96
Votes cast / turnout 2,491,588 70.19 +0.05
Abstentions 1,058,099 29.81 –0.05
Registered voters 3,549,687
Sources[6][7][8]
Popular vote
PP
49.42%
PSPV–PSOE
28.04%
Compromís
7.19%
EUPV
5.90%
UPyD
2.48%
VyE
1.30%
Others
3.20%
Blank ballots
2.48%
Seats
PP
55.56%
PSPV–PSOE
33.33%
Compromís
6.06%
EUPV
5.05%

Distribution by constituencyEdit

Constituency PP PSPV Compromís EUPV
% S % S % S % S
Alicante 49.6 20 29.9 12 4.6 1 5.4 2
Castellón 48.1 13 31.0 9 6.7 1 5.2 1
Valencia 49.6 22 26.3 12 8.9 4 6.4 2
Total 49.4 55 28.0 33 7.2 6 5.9 5
Sources[7][8]

AftermathEdit

Government formationEdit

Investiture
Francisco Camps (PP)
Ballot → 16 June 2011
Required majority → 50 out of 99  Y
55 / 99
43 / 99
Abstentions
0 / 99
1 / 99
Sources[8]

July 2011 investitureEdit

Investiture
Alberto Fabra (PP)
Ballot → 26 July 2011
Required majority → 50 out of 99  Y
55 / 99
43 / 99
Abstentions
0 / 99
1 / 99
Sources[8]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Within the Compromís PV alliance in the 2007 election.

ReferencesEdit

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Camps gana con menos votos pero más escaños, según un sondeo". El Economista (in Spanish). 22 May 2011.
  2. ^ "El Partido Popular repite mayoría absoluta en Valencia". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 13 May 2011.
  3. ^ "El PP ganaría hasta cuatro escaños más y el PSPV perdería seis". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 13 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Camps amplía su mayoría pese al escándalo Gürtel". La Gaceta (in Spanish). 15 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Estimación de resultado electoral en Comunidad Valenciana". El País (in Spanish). 15 May 2011.
  6. ^ "El PP blinda sus feudos". La Razón (in Spanish). 16 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Francisco Camps ampliaría su ventaja sobre el PSOE en las elecciones a las Cortes Valencianas, según el sondeo de NC Report para La Razón". ForoCoches (in Spanish). 16 May 2011.
  8. ^ "Camps sumaría 4 diputados más a su mayoría pese al acoso de Ferraz". La Gaceta (in Spanish). 8 May 2011.
  9. ^ "Camps sumaría 4 diputados a su mayoría (La Gaceta)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 8 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Camps amplía su mayoría absoluta y el PSOE tendrá con Alarte su peor resultado". ABC (in Spanish). 8 May 2011.
  11. ^ "El PP obtendrá entre 22 y 26 escaños más que el PSPV en las próximas elecciones". Las Provincias (in Spanish). 8 May 2011.
  12. ^ "Comunidad Valenciana: PP crece a costa de PSPV y EU (Grupo Vocento)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 8 May 2011.
  13. ^ "Los cuatro inexpugnables". La Razón (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  14. ^ "El PP sigue ganando votos y escaños en la Comunidad Valenciana según el sondeo de NC Report para La Razón". ForoCoches (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  15. ^ "Barómetro electoral autonómico" (PDF). Celeste-Tel (in Spanish). 9 May 2011.[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas y municipales, 2011. Comunidad Valenciana y Ciudad de Valencia (Estudio nº 2872. Marzo-Abril 2011)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 5 May 2011.
  17. ^ "El PSOE fija su objetivo: salvar los muebles". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 May 2011.
  18. ^ "El PP de Valencia amplía su mayoría". COPE (in Spanish). 18 April 2011.
  19. ^ "Encuesta COPE socio-electoral en la Comunitat Valenciana" (PDF). GAD (in Spanish). 18 April 2011.
  20. ^ "Camps amplía la mayoría (COPE)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 18 April 2011.
  21. ^ "El Mundo 25-27 de Abril 2011". El Mundo (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  22. ^ "El PP a 20 puntos del PSPV (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 25 April 2011.
  23. ^ "Camps conserva la mayoría absoluta pese a la corrupción". Público (in Spanish). 11 April 2011.
  24. ^ "El PPCV saca 23,5 puntos al PSPV, que cae a mínimos históricos". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 12 April 2011.
  25. ^ "EU eleva sus posibilidades de entrar en Les Corts (Valenciaplaza.com)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 12 April 2011.
  26. ^ "El PP valenciano dispara su ventaja sobre el PSOE hasta los 25 puntos". ABC (in Spanish). 18 March 2011.
  27. ^ "Camps sube pese a 'Gürtel' y el PSOE se hunde". El Mundo (in Spanish). 6 January 2011.
  28. ^ "Camps arrasa (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 7 January 2011.
  29. ^ a b c "Una encuesta del PSOE augura un desplome histórico del PSPV al caer por debajo del 30%". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 26 November 2010.
  30. ^ "El PP duplica en votos al PSOE en la Comunidad Valenciana (sondeo del PSOE)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 26 November 2010.
  31. ^ "La corrupción no pasa factura al PP". El País (in Spanish). 9 October 2010.
  32. ^ "El PP arrasa en Valencia aunque la mayoría rechaza a Francisco Camps como candidato". El País (in Spanish). 9 October 2010.
  33. ^ "Un sondeo del PP le otorga 4 escaños más y hasta 5 diputados menos al PSPV". El Mundo (in Spanish). 8 October 2010.
  34. ^ "Encuesta en la Comunitat Valenciana (octubre de 2010)" (PDF). PP (in Spanish). 8 October 2010.
  35. ^ "Camps sale reforzado y los populares amplían su ventaja sobre 2007". Las Provincias (in Spanish). 26 September 2010.
  36. ^ "El PP aumenta su ventaja en la Comunidad Valenciana (Las Provincias)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 26 September 2010.
  37. ^ "El 48,4% de los valencianos prefiere a Camps de presidente, según una encuesta del PP". El Mundo (in Spanish). 28 July 2010.
  38. ^ "Una encuesta del PPCV le da más de 23 puntos de ventaja sobre el PSPV". Diario Información (in Spanish). 29 July 2010.
  39. ^ "Caso electoral histórico en más comunidades autónomas (El Mundo)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 1 June 2010.
  40. ^ "El PSPV maneja en su última encuesta la pérdida de tres diputados en las Cortes". ABC (in Spanish). 21 May 2010.
  41. ^ "Camps subiría 4 escaños a costa del PSPV y de EU (Encuesta del PSPV)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 21 May 2010.
  42. ^ "Camps gana en todas las encuestas". La Razón (in Spanish). 1 June 2010.
  43. ^ "El PP renovaría hoy su mayoría absoluta a pesar del deterioro de la imagen del presidente Francisco Camps". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 11 May 2010.
  44. ^ "Bipartidismo en las Cortes Valencianas (Valenciaplaza.com)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 11 May 2010.
  45. ^ "Camps ampliaría hoy su ventaja y el PSPV perdería tres escaños, según una encuesta del PP". Valencia Plaza (in Spanish). 5 May 2010.
  46. ^ "Encuesta en la Comunitat Valenciana (abril de 2010)". PP (in Spanish). 5 May 2010.
  47. ^ "Camps refuerza su mayoría". Público (in Spanish). 4 April 2010.
  48. ^ "Publiscopio para la Comunidad Valenciana: el PP amplía su mayoría". Electómetro (in Spanish). 5 April 2010.
  49. ^ "El trasfondo de una encuesta". Levante-EMV (in Spanish). 26 December 2009.
  50. ^ "Encuesta en la Comunitat Valenciana (diciembre de 2009)" (PDF). PP (in Spanish). 26 December 2009.
  51. ^ "El PP se mantiene y Camps pierde crédito". El País (in Spanish). 9 October 2009.
  52. ^ "Los valencianos creen que Camps mintió". El País (in Spanish). 9 October 2009.
  53. ^ "El PPCV se defiende de los ataques con una encuesta que le da la victoria". Diario Información (in Spanish). 27 September 2009.
  54. ^ "Encuesta intención de voto elecciones autonómicas". PP (in Spanish). 27 September 2009.
  55. ^ "Una encuesta encargada por el PSOE señala que el PPCV consolidaría su mayoría absoluta". Las Provincias (in Spanish). 10 May 2009.
  56. ^ "Una encuesta del PSPV revela que el PP amplía su mayoría electoral en Castellón". El Periódico Mediterráneo (in Spanish). 10 May 2009.
  57. ^ "Si las elecciones autonómicas se celebraran ahora en la Comunitat el PP obtendría 57 escaños por 36 del PSPV". Las Provincias (in Spanish). 28 February 2009.
  58. ^ "Camps obtendría una mayoría histórica pese a la campaña de desprestigio al PP". ABC (in Spanish). 1 March 2009.
  59. ^ "El PP afianza su mayoría pese a los ataques". ABC (in Spanish). 1 March 2009.
  60. ^ "El bipartidismo se consolida". El País (in Spanish). 9 October 2008.
Other
  1. ^ a b c d "Statute of Autonomy of the Valencian Community of 1982". Organic Law No. 1 of 1 July 1982. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  2. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Valencian Electoral Law of 1987". Law No. 2 of 31 March 1987. Official Journal of the Valencian Community (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". www.juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Electoral Results. Electoral Data - Regional Election: 2011". www.cortsvalencianes.es (in Spanish). Valencian Government. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Corts Valencianes election results, 22 May 2011" (PDF). www.juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of the Valencian Community. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d "Corts Valencianes elections since 1983". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 30 September 2017.