El Salvador, Zacatecas

El Salvador is a municipality in the Mexican state of Zacatecas, located approximately 260 kilometres (160 mi) northeast of Zacatecas City, the state capital.

El Salvador
El Salvador is located in Zacatecas
El Salvador
El Salvador
Location of El Salvador
El Salvador is located in Mexico
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Mexico)
Coordinates: 24°31′10″N 100°52′03″W / 24.51944°N 100.86750°W / 24.51944; -100.86750Coordinates: 24°31′10″N 100°52′03″W / 24.51944°N 100.86750°W / 24.51944; -100.86750[1]
Country Mexico
State Zacatecas
Established14 November 1964
SeatEl Salvador
Government
 • Municipal presidentMiguel Coronado Gómez
Area
 • Total623.9 km2 (240.9 sq mi)
Elevation
[1] (of seat)
1,721 m (5,646 ft)
Population
 (2020 Census)[2]
 • Total2,509
 • Density4.0/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Seat
982
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
Postal code
98290[3]
Area code844

GeographyEdit

The municipality of El Salvador lies at an elevation between 1,800 and 2,900 metres (5,900–9,500 ft) in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental in northeastern Zacatecas. It borders the municipalities of Concepción del Oro in Zacatecas to the west, Saltillo in Coahuila to the north, Galeana in Nuevo León to the northeast, and Vanegas in San Luis Potosí to the southeast.[4] The municipality covers an area of 623.9 square kilometres (240.9 sq mi) and comprises 0.8% of the state's area.[2]

The land cover in El Salvador is mostly Meseta Central matorral (81%) with small tracts of forest (11%) and grassland (8%) also present. The municipality is situated in the Matehuala sub-basin of the Llanos el Salado.[4]

El Salvador's climate ranges from semiarid to arid desert. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 12 and 20 °C (54–68 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 300 and 600 millimetres (12–24 in).[4]

Climate data for El Salvador weather station at 24°31′15″N 100°52′18″W / 24.52083°N 100.87167°W / 24.52083; -100.87167, 1726 m above sea level (1981–2010 averages, 1951–2010 extremes)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
40.0
(104.0)
44.0
(111.2)
40.0
(104.0)
45.0
(113.0)
43.0
(109.4)
45.0
(113.0)
43.0
(109.4)
45.0
(113.0)
40.0
(104.0)
36.0
(96.8)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
23.4
(74.1)
26.1
(79.0)
29.1
(84.4)
30.7
(87.3)
29.4
(84.9)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
28.5
(83.3)
27.4
(81.3)
24.3
(75.7)
21.8
(71.2)
26.8
(80.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
18.7
(65.7)
20.7
(69.3)
20.8
(69.4)
21.2
(70.2)
20.9
(69.6)
19.9
(67.8)
18.0
(64.4)
14.2
(57.6)
11.6
(52.9)
17.2
(63.0)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.3
(37.9)
5.1
(41.2)
8.2
(46.8)
10.8
(51.4)
12.2
(54.0)
12.5
(54.5)
12.1
(53.8)
11.4
(52.5)
8.5
(47.3)
4.0
(39.2)
1.5
(34.7)
7.6
(45.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.0
(6.8)
−9.0
(15.8)
−9.0
(15.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
6.0
(42.8)
5.0
(41.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
−5.0
(23.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−14.0
(6.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.5
(0.45)
12.6
(0.50)
7.1
(0.28)
24.0
(0.94)
44.8
(1.76)
66.3
(2.61)
66.6
(2.62)
59.5
(2.34)
66.7
(2.63)
28.7
(1.13)
11.1
(0.44)
12.5
(0.49)
411.4
(16.20)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1.8 1.7 1.5 2.9 6.0 7.6 7.6 8.2 7.0 3.3 1.4 1.8 50.8
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[5][6]

HistoryEdit

Cave paintings in the municipality demonstrate past occupation of the area by Irritila [es] tribes.[7] Colonial settlement of the area dates to the 18th century, when it was part of the Hacienda El Salado. Based in the neighbouring state of San Luis Potosí, this was one of the largest haciendas in Mexico, and was owned by Juan Bustamante, a former governor of that state.[8] Matías Ramos Santos [es], who was born in El Salvador in 1891, served as Governor of Zacatecas from 1932 to 1936,[9] and as Secretary of National Defence from 1952 to 1958.[10]

The congregacíon of El Salvador was established in the municipality of Concepción del Oro on 14 November 1964. It became an independent municipality a week later on 21 November 1964.[11]

AdministrationEdit

The municipal government of El Salvador comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico),[7] and seven trustees (regidores), four elected by relative majority and three by proportional representation.[12] The current president of the municipality is Miguel Coronado Gómez.[13]

DemographicsEdit

In the 2020 Mexican Census, El Salvador recorded a population of 2509 inhabitants living in 733 households.[2] The 2010 Census recorded a population of 2710 inhabitants in El Salvador.[14]

There are 24 inhabited localities in the municipality,[2] of which only the municipal seat, also called El Salvador, is classified as urban.[14] It recorded a population of 982 inhabitants in the 2020 Census.[2]

Economy and infrastructureEdit

In the 2015 Intercensal Survey, 53% of El Salvador's workforce was employed in the primary sector, 16% in the secondary sector, 6% in commerce, and 24% in services.[15] Agricultural activities in the municipality include cattle and goat farming.[16]

The Kansas City Southern de México railway runs north to south through the municipality.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Panorama sociodemográfico de Zacatecas. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2021. p. 36–37. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Consulta de Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 2 January 2022. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "El Salvador, Zacatecas" (PDF). Prontuario de información geográfica municipal de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (in Spanish). INEGI. 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  5. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  6. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  7. ^ a b "El Salvador". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  8. ^ Castro, Lorenzo (1882). The Republic of Mexico in 1882. New York: Thompson & Moreau. p. 62. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  9. ^ Rodríguez Valadez, Juan Manuel (16 August 2010). "Gobernantes de Zacatecas" (PDF). Zacatecas: Historia de las instituciones jurídicas (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: Senate of the Republic (Mexico). Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  10. ^ Quijano Torres, Manuel (August 2012). Los Gabinetes en México 1821-2012 (PDF). 200 años de Administración Pública en México (in Spanish). Vol. 3. Mexico: National Institute of Public Administration. p. 153. ISBN 978-607-9026-20-2. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  11. ^ Estado de Zacatecas. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. ISBN 970-13-1519-7. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Lineamientos para el registro de candidaturas a cargos de elección popular de los partidos políticos y coaliciones" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Electoral del Estado de Zacatecas. 27 November 2017. pp. 12–13. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  13. ^ Alvarado, Silvia (8 June 2021). "Va por Zacatecas gana más municipios". Pórtico (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  14. ^ a b "Resumen municipal: Municipio de El Salvador". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  15. ^ Cuadro 10.5: Población ocupada por municipio y su distribución porcentual según sector de actividad económica, al 15 de marzo de 2015 (PDF). Anuario estadístico y geográfico de Zacatecas 2017 (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  16. ^ "Información estadística básica. Municipio: 041 El Salvador" (in Spanish). Coordinación Estatal de Planeación. 17 June 2021. Retrieved 3 January 2022.