Eichendorf (Bavarian: Oachadoaf) is a municipality in the district of Dingolfing-Landau in Bavaria in Germany.

Eichendorf
Panorama of Eichendorf
Panorama of Eichendorf
Coat of arms of Eichendorf
Location of Eichendorf within Dingolfing-Landau district
Eichendorf in DGF.png
Eichendorf is located in Germany
Eichendorf
Eichendorf
Eichendorf is located in Bavaria
Eichendorf
Eichendorf
Coordinates: 48°38′N 12°51′E / 48.633°N 12.850°E / 48.633; 12.850Coordinates: 48°38′N 12°51′E / 48.633°N 12.850°E / 48.633; 12.850
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionNiederbayern
DistrictDingolfing-Landau
Subdivisions118 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor (2020–26) Josef Beham[1]
Area
 • Total98.19 km2 (37.91 sq mi)
Elevation
355 m (1,165 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total6,581
 • Density67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
94428
Dialling codes09952, 09956 und 08547
Vehicle registrationDGF
Websitewww.markt-eichendorf.de

GeographyEdit

Geographical locationEdit

Eichendorf lies on the river Vils. The market town is still very rural and serves as an administrative centre to the surrounding countryside.

HistoryEdit

19th century and priorEdit

The settlement „Euchendorf“ was first mentioned in a document dated March 24, 1075 from Pope Gregory VII, in which he confirmed to Bishop Altmann von Passau the donation of three farmstead and a church of Eichendorf to the Monastery of St. Nikola at Passau. The remaining land remained in possession of the Bishop, who had most likely owned it since the 8th century.

From the 12th to the 14th century there appears to have been nobility in the area. In the archives of the Aldersbach Abbey a Heinricus de Euchendorf was mentioned as a witness in 1170, and in the archives of the Monastery of St. Nikola a Karl von Euchendorf was mentioned in 1334. In 1350 Heinrich der Euchendorfer acquired land belonging to the Abbey of St. Nikola at Leibrecht.

In 1264 Eichendorf was mentioned as „forum Eichendorf“, – Market Eichendorf – in a register of assets and income of the Prince-Bishopric of Passau. In 1358 Eichendorf already had the right to hold three annual markets and a weekly market, confirmed in a letter from duke Albert of Bavaria.

On October 7, 1334 the Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV and his cousin Duke Henry of Lower Bavaria met in Eichendorf for reconciliation talks. The area was badly affected in the War of the Succession of Landshut; As recompense to the townsfolk for reconstruction, Duke William IV allowed a fourth annual market.

In the Thirty Years' War, Swedish troops burnt Eichendorf to the ground (completely, with the exception of the church). Further fires in 1835, 1848 and 1850 devastated entire districts. Eichendorf was promoted to parish status in 1896; it had previously belonged to the parish of Dornach.

20th centuryEdit

The opening of the train line from Aufhausen to Kröhstorf in 1915 gave the town its first rail connection. Trains stopped running in 1971 and the track was dismantled in 1973; nowadays the Vilstal cycle path runs where the track once was.

In the Second World War Eichendorf came under fire and some districts were destroyed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liste der ersten Bürgermeister/Oberbürgermeister in kreisangehörigen Gemeinden, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik, 15 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik (in German). June 2021.