Egypt-Greece maritime deal

As a response to the Libya-Turkey maritime deal, Egypt and Greece signed a maritime treaty creating an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights in the Mediterranean sea. The deal establishes “partial demarcation of the sea boundaries between the two countries, and that the remaining demarcation would be achieved through consultations.”[1] Egyptian foreign minister Sameh Shoukry and Greek Nikos Dendias signed the deal in Cairo on August 6,[2][3] it was ratified by the Egyptian president Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi on October 10 and the Greek Parliament on August 27.[4]

Egypt-Greece maritime deal
LocationCairo, Egypt
  • Sameh Shoukry
  • Nikos Dendias

On March 2021, after the announcement of Turkey concerning its will to make an agreement on the maritime borders with Egypt, the latter discussed with Greece the cooperation in eastern Mediterranean and they have confirmed the strength of relations between them aiming for further coordination in other areas such as economy, military and security.[5]

Turkish responseEdit

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the Egypt-Greece deal “worthless",[6] while the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs made a press release stating: "A maritime boundary between Greece and Egypt does not exist. With respect to Turkey, the so-called maritime delimitation agreement signed today is null and void. This understanding will reflect on the ground and at the table."[7] Turkey is not a signatory to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which defined the exclusive economic zone of Greece in 1982.


  1. ^ "Egypt ratifies maritime deal with Greece | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  2. ^ Reuters Staff (2020-08-06). "Egypt and Greece sign agreement on exclusive economic zone". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  3. ^ "Egypt, Greece sign maritime deal to counter Libya-Turkey one". AP NEWS. 2020-08-06. Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  4. ^ "Egypt ratifies maritime deal with Greece | Kathimerini". Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  5. ^ "Egypt and Greece discuss cooperation in eastern Mediterranean". Arab News. 2021-03-05. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  6. ^ Magdy | AP, Samy. "Egypt's lawmakers approve maritime deal with Greece". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2020-12-16.
  7. ^ "From Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2020-12-16.