Edward L. Stratemeyer (October 4, 1862 – May 10, 1930) was an American publisher and writer of children's fiction. He was one of the most prolific writers in the world, producing in excess of 1,300 books himself, selling in excess of 500 million copies. He also created many well-known fictional book series for juveniles, including The Rover Boys, The Bobbsey Twins, Tom Swift, The Hardy Boys, and Nancy Drew series, many of which sold millions of copies and are still in publication today. On Stratemeyer's legacy, Fortune wrote: "As oil had its Rockefeller, literature had its Stratemeyer."
|Born||Edward L. Stratemeyer|
October 4, 1862
Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
|Died||May 10, 1930 (aged 67)|
Newark, New Jersey
|Resting place||Evergreen Cemetery, Hillside, New Jersey, United States|
|Pen name||Victor Appleton, Ralph Bonehill, Franklin W. Dixon, Laura Lee Hope, Carolyn Keene, Roy Rockwood and Arthur M. Winfield|
|Occupation||Publisher and writer|
|Genre||Adventure, mystery, science fiction|
|Notable works||Creator of the book series:|
• The Bobbsey Twins
• Bomba, the Jungle Boy
• The Colonial Series
• The Dana Girls
• Dave Dashaway
• Don Sturdy
• The Hardy Boys
• Jack Ranger
• Nancy Drew
• The Rover Boys
• Tom Swift
Stratemeyer was born the youngest of six children in Elizabeth, New Jersey, to Henry Julius Stratemeyer, a tobacconist, and Anna Siegel. They were both from Hanover, Germany, immigrating to the United States in 1837. Although they were German, he and his siblings were educated in English and spoke English to each other.
Growing up, Edward read the likes of Horatio Alger and William T. Adams, writers who penned beloved rags-to-riches tales of the hardworking young American. These stories greatly influenced him. As a teenager, Stratemeyer operated his own printing press in the basement of his father's tobacco shop, distributing flyers and pamphlets among his friends and family. These included stories called The Newsboy's Adventure and The Tale of a Lumberman. After he graduated from high school, he went to work in his father's store. It wasn't until the age of 26 in 1888 that Stratemeyer sold his first story, Victor Horton's Idea, to the popular children's magazine Golden Days for $76—over six times the average weekly paycheck at the time.
Stratemeyer moved to Newark, New Jersey, in 1890 and opened a paper store. He ran his shop while continuing to write stories under pseudonyms. He was able to write for many genres including detective dime novels, westerns, and serials that ran in newspapers. In 1893, Stratemeyer was hired by the popular dime-novel writer Gilbert Patten, to write as an editor for the Street & Smith publication Good News.
In 1894, he published his first full-length book, Richard Dare's Venture, which was the first in his Bound to Succeed series. It contained autobiographical content and was similar to Alger's rags-to-riches story formula.
In 1899, Horatio Alger wrote Stratemeyer as editor of the Good News, asking him to finish one of his manuscripts. Alger was in poor health at the time. When Alger died later the same year, Stratemeyer continued to edit and finish several of Alger's other books. That same year, after Alger died, Stratemeyer wrote and published The Rover Boys, which became a tremendously popular series in the vein of the classic dime novel. The Rover Boys was "The first highly successful series by Edward Stratemeyer, each volume had a preface from Edward Stratemeyer himself, thanking his readers and touting the other books. It's generally accepted that Stratemeyer wrote all of the books." He said this series was his personal favorite.
Stratemeyer formed the Stratemeyer Literary Syndicate in 1905 and hired journalists to write stories based on his ideas. He paid them a flat rate for each book and kept the copyrights to the novels.
He married Magdalena Van Camp, the daughter of a Newark businessman, on March 25, 1891. The couple had two daughters: Harriet Stratemeyer Adams (1892–1982) and Edna C. Squier (1895–1974), both of whom would later take over the future Stratemeyer Syndicate.
Stratemeyer enjoyed the outdoors and often took annual summer trips to the Great Lakes, Lake George, and Lake Champlain with his family. They traveled as far as the west coast and Yosemite. A humble man, he never sought public attention and preferred living a private and quiet life with his family at their home on N. 7th Street in the Roseville section of Newark. His relationships with his daughters was described as "warm", and his daughter Harriet recalled that it was a lively atmosphere growing up.
Stratemeyer was a member of the Roseville Athletic Club and the New Jersey Historical Association.
Stratemeyer died at age 67 in Newark, New Jersey on May 10, 1930, of lobar pneumonia and was buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Hillside, New Jersey. On May 12, 1930, two days after his death, the New York Times reported that his Rover Boys series "had sales exceeding 5,000,000 copies."
He pioneered the book-packaging technique of producing a consistent, long-running series of books using a team of freelance writers. All of the books in the series used the same characters in similar situations. All of the freelance writers, including Mildred Benson, who developed the character of Nancy Drew, were published under a pen name owned by his company.
Through his Stratemeyer Syndicate, founded in 1906, Stratemeyer employed a massive number of editors, copy writers, stenographers, co-authors, and secretaries. With their help, he greatly contributed to a new genre of juvenile fiction. He was responsible for launching several series including
- Omnibus II (2005). Veritas Press. p. 148.
- Omnibus II (2005). Veritas Press, p. 148.
- "Authors and Illustrators Profiles: Edward L. Stratemeyer". lookingglassreview.com. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- O'Rourke, Megan. "Nancy Drew's Father". TheNewYorker. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Furlong, Jennifer (2014-08-28). Hoyt, Giles R. (ed.). "Edward Stratemeyer". Immigrant Entrepreneurship. Vol. 3. German Historical Society. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- "Edward Stratemeyer - Biography and Works. Search Texts, Read Online. Discuss". www.online-literature.com. Retrieved 2016-05-29.
- John A. Dinan in Sports in the Pulp Magazines (via Google Books). p. 66 (1998).
- Winfield, Arthur M. "The Rover Boys Series for Young Americans". seriesbooks.info. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Keeline, James D. "Stratemeyer Syndicate pseudonyms Bobbsey Twins, Tom Swift, Hardy Boys, Nancy Drew". trussel.com. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Authors and Illustrators Profiles: Edward L. Stratemeyer". Lookingglassreview. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- Old Burial Grounds of New Jersey: A Guide
- Andrews, Dale (2013-08-27). "The Hardy Boys Mystery". Children's books. Washington: SleuthSayers.
- Loh, Sandra Tsing (October 2005). "The Secret of the Old Saw – Nancy Drew Has Two Mommies". The Atlantic Retrieved February 11, 2012. (A book review Melanie Rehak's Girl Sleuth: Nancy Drew and the Women Who Created Her. Orlando, Florida: Harcourt.
- Rehak, Melanie Girl Sleuth: Nancy Drew and the Women Who Created Her (2005). Orlando, Florida: Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-15-101041-7.)
- Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens and State Guide. 1918.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- stratemeyer.org, a fansite on the Stratemeyer Syndicate
- Works by Edward Stratemeyer at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Edward Stratemeyer at Faded Page (Canada)
- Works by or about Edward Stratemeyer at Internet Archive
- Works by Edward Stratemeyer at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Works by Edward Stratemeyer at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Edward Stratemeyer at Find a Grave