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Edward Cedric Hardwicke (7 August 1932 – 16 May 2011) was an English actor, who had a distinguished career on the stage, as well as being known for his portrayal of Dr. Watson in the Granada TV series Sherlock Holmes.
Edward Cedric Hardwicke
7 August 1932
|Died||16 May 2011 (aged 78)|
|Burial place||Chichester Crematorium|
|Other names||Edward Hardwick|
(m. 1957; div. 19??)
Hardwicke was born in London, England, the son of actors Sir Cedric Hardwicke and Helena Pickard. He began his film career in Hollywood at the age of 10, in Victor Fleming's film A Guy Named Joe which starred Spencer Tracy. He returned to England, attended Stowe School, and fulfilled his national service as a pilot officer in the Royal Air Force. He attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) and trained as an actor.
Hardwicke played at the Bristol Old Vic, the Oxford Playhouse and the Nottingham Playhouse before in 1964 joining Laurence Olivier's National Theatre. He performed regularly there for seven years. He appeared with Olivier in William Shakespeare's Othello and Ibsen's The Master Builder. He also appeared in Peter Shaffer's The Royal Hunt of the Sun (with Robert Stephens), Charley's Aunt, Tom Stoppard's Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, Congreve's The Way of the World, Georges Feydeau's A Flea in Her Ear (directed by Jacques Charon of the Comédie Française), The Crucible, Luigi Pirandello's The Rules of the Game, Fyodor Dostoevsky's The Idiot and George Bernard Shaw's Mrs. Warren's Profession. He returned to the National in 1977 for a production of Feydeau's The Lady from Maxim's.
In 1973 he played Dr Astrov in Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya opposite Peter O'Toole at the Bristol Old Vic, and had an uncredited role as Charles Calthrop in the film The Day of the Jackal. In 1975 he appeared in Frederick Lonsdale's On Approval at the Haymarket Theatre, and in 1976 he played Sir Robert Chiltern in Oscar Wilde's An Ideal Husband at the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, a production with which he toured Canada.
TV and Sherlock HolmesEdit
Hardwicke played Judas Iscariot in the Dennis Potter TV play Son of Man (1969). He became familiar to television audiences in the 1970s drama series Colditz, in which he played Pat Grant, a character based on the real-life war hero Pat Reid. He then played Arthur in the sitcom My Old Man. In 1978 he appeared as Bellcourt in the last filmed episode of The Sweeney, "Hearts and Minds".
David Burke suggested Hardwicke as his successor in the role of Doctor Watson in the Granada Television adaptations of the Sherlock Holmes stories in The Return of Sherlock Holmes series, alongside Jeremy Brett as Holmes. Hardwicke played the role for eight years from 1986 to 1994, his first episode being "The Empty House" and his last "The Cardboard Box". He portrayed a very calm and attentive Watson, somewhat intolerant of Holmes's more outlandish moods, and became permanently associated with it, also playing it on the West End stage with Brett in The Secret of Sherlock Holmes in 1989. That same year, he also directed Going On by Charles Dennis at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.
His other television appearances were numerous, and included Holocaust (1978), Oppenheimer (1980), Lovejoy (1992), Dangerfield (1996), The Ruth Rendell Mysteries (1997), Heartbeat (1999), David Copperfield (2000), Agatha Christie's Poirot (2004), Fanny Hill (2007), Holby City, Shameless (2010) as a World War II veteran, and Some Mothers Do 'Ave 'Em (1978).
- A Guy Named Joe (1943) as George - English Boy (film debut, uncredited)
- Hell Below Zero (1954) as Ulvik
- The Men of Sherwood Forest (1954) as Outlaw (uncredited)
- Othello (1965) as Montano
- A Flea in Her Ear (1968) as Pierre Chandebisse, Victor's Nephew
- Journey into Darkness (1968, TV) as Frank Yarrow
- Otley (1968) as Lambert
- The Reckoning (1970) as Mitchell
- The Day of the Jackal (1973) as Charles Calthrop (uncredited)
- The Black Windmill (1974) as Mike McCarthy
- Full Circle (1977) as Captain Paul Winter
- The Odd Job (1978) as Inspector Black
- Venom (1981) as Lord Dunning
- Baby: Secret of the Lost Legend (1985) as Pierre Dubois
- Titus Andronicus (1985, TV) as Marcus
- Let Him Have It (1991) as Approved School Principal
- Shadowlands (1993) as Warnie Lewis
- Richard III (1995) as Lord Thomas Stanley
- The Scarlet Letter (1995) as Gov. John Bellingham
- Hollow Reed (1996) as High Court Judge
- Elizabeth (1998) as Earl of Arundel
- Parting Shots (1999) as Dr Joseph
- Mary, Mother of Jesus (1999) as Zachariah
- David Copperfield (2000) as Mr Wickfield
- Enigma (2001) as Oliver Heaviside
- The Gathering Storm (2002) as Mr Wood
- Love Actually (2003) as Sam's Grandfather
- The Hollow (2004 TV Agatha Christie's Poirot) as Sir Henry Angkatell
- Oliver Twist (2005) as Mr. Brownlow (final film)
- Baker, Richard Anthony (17 May 2011). "Sherlock Holmes actor Hardwicke dies". The Stage. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
- Coveney, Michael (18 May 2011). "Edward Hardwicke obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- Sandra Brennan (2011). "Edward Hardwicke - Biography". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 11 April 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Colditz actor Edward Hardwicke dies aged 78". BBC News. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- Barnes, Mike (17 May 2011). "'Sherlock Holmes' Actor Edward Hardwicke dies at 78". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- Hayward, Anthony. "Edward Hardwicke: Actor best known as Doctor Watson and as the 'Colditz' escape officer". The Independent. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Edward Hardwicke: Obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
- Redmond, Christopher (2009). Sherlock Holmes Handbook: Second Edition. Dundurn Press. p. 244. ISBN 9781459718982.
- "The Sweeney: Season 4, Episode 11 - Hearts and Minds" at IMDb
- Peter Haining (1994). The Television Sherlock Holmes. Virgin Books. p. 175. ISBN 0863697933.
- "Holby City: Season 6, Episode 33 - If You Can't Do the Time" at IMDb
- Wilson, Scott (19 August 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. ISBN 9781476625997.
- d'Souza, Sav (19 May 2011). "Sherlock Holmes actor Edward Hardwicke dies aged 78". Metro. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Edward Hardwicke, Dr. Watson on TV Series, Is Dead at 78". The New York Times. Associated Press. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2015.