Edward Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln

Edward Horace Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln (23 February 1913 – 7 July 2001) was an aristocratic Australian engineer, who succeeded to his family's earldom of Lincoln (cr. 1572) by primogeniture upon the death in 1988 of his 10th cousin, the last Duke of Newcastle.

Edward Fiennes-Clinton,
18th Earl of Lincoln
Blason Clinton.svg
Lord Lincoln's coat of arms
Born(1913-02-23)23 February 1913
Died7 July 2001(2001-07-07) (aged 88)
Australia
Alma materHale School
TitleEdward Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln
Spouse(s)Lelia Ruth Millen
Linda Alice Creed
ChildrenLady Patricia Elrick
Edward, Lord Fynes
Parent(s)Edward Henry Fiennes-Clinton
Edith Annie Guest

LifeEdit

Born at Melbourne, Australia, in 1913, he was the elder son of Edward Henry Fiennes-Clinton, a Mate in the British Merchant Navy who emigrated to Australia in 1912 before serving with the 51st Battalion, Australian Imperial Force and being killed in action on 17 August 1916 during the First World War.[1][2]

His mother, Edith Annie, daughter of Captain Horace Guest, brought him up before remarrying, in 1923, Robert Johnston Lynn,[3][4] a cousin of Deputy Speaker of the Northern Ireland House of Commons, Sir Robert Lynn.

Educated at Hale School, an independent Anglican boarding school in Perth, Western Australia, Fiennes-Clinton then worked as a boilermaker, a welder's and machine-minder's assistant as well as a butcher at the Kalgoorlie Gold Mine.[5]

StoryEdit

Learning of his succession to the title apparently during a telephone call from a journalist with The Daily Telegraph newspaper in London, who began "Lord Lincoln, if I may be the first to address you so..." Fiennes-Clinton said he had known he might one day inherit the title, but had forgotten about it! Upon the journalist commenting that he seemed unexcited, Lincoln replied: "young man, I have lived for seventy-five years and I have learned to take things as they come". He did however seem disappointed to hear there was little else to inherit apart from the title itself.[6]

The Australian press was of course very much more excited at this news, and three camera crews appeared outside the new peer's flat at Elanora Villas, Bunbury, before more reporters arrived by helicopter. Soon after inheriting the Earldom, the new Lord Lincoln travelled to England, where he was warmly received by (among others) leading citizens of the City of Lincoln. The story was soon fictionalized as a storyline in the Australian soap opera Neighbours.[6]

He later wrote an autobiography called Memoirs of an Embryo Earl, published in 1992,[5] and set about putting on record his formal right to the title with a view to taking his seat in the House of Lords.

After being briefed on the workings of the Upper House by Lord Deedes, and being received at the College of Arms, his stated intention of joining the Conservative benches in the House of Lords was defeated by the House of Lords Act 1999.[6] He thereafter had no automatic right to sit in the Lords, as all but 92 hereditary peers were removed from Parliament. His grandson, the 19th Earl, was later courted by New Labour.

Lord Lincoln died in Western Australia on 7 July 2001.

FamilyEdit

In 1940, Fiennes-Clinton married Leila Ruth Fitzpatrick, née Millen, and they had two children, Patricia Ruth Fiennes-Clinton (born 1 February 1941, now Lady Patricia Elrick), and Edward Gordon Fiennes-Clinton (1943–99; styled Lord Fynes, by courtesy).

After his first wife died on 19 July 1947, Fiennes-Clinton on 3 December 1953 married Linda Alice, daughter of Rev Charles Creed and widow of James Anthony O'Brien; they had no children.[5][7]

When his 10th cousin, the 10th and last Duke of Newcastle, died on Christmas Day 1988, Fiennes-Clinton succeeded to His Grace's subsidiary title of Earl of Lincoln. His ancestor, Sir Henry Clinton, of Kirkstead, Lincolnshire, was the 2nd Earl of Lincoln's elder son by his second marriage; the 2nd Earl's eldest son's descendants went on to become Dukes of Newcastle.[7]

The family has served in public life since the 1st Baron Clinton was summoned to Parliament in 1299, whilst in the 18th century one family member twice-served as Prime Minister.[8] The title of Baron Clinton, created by writ of summons, to which all descendants are in remainder, is now held by another distant branch of the Clinton family.[9]

Lord Lincoln's grandson Robert Edward Fiennes-Clinton (born 19 June 1972) is the 19th and present earl,[7] a fellow of the Zoological Society of London, who lives in Perth.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Edward Henry Fiennes-Clinton at thepeerage.com
  2. ^ https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=97065
  3. ^ Edith Annie Guest at thepeerage.com
  4. ^ Charles Mosley, ed., Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (107th edition, 2003), vol. 2, p. 2340
  5. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl. "Edward Horace Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln". The Peerage., www.thepeerage.com
  6. ^ a b c Obituary, The Earl of Lincoln in The Daily Telegraph dated 20 July 2001, online
  7. ^ a b c The Earldom of Lincoln at nottingham.ac.uk
  8. ^ Charles Kidd & David Williamson (eds.), Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (New York: St Martin's Press, 1990 edn),[page needed]
  9. ^ www.clintondevon.com
  10. ^ www.hereditarypeers.com

External linksEdit

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Edward Pelham-Clinton,
10th Duke of Newcastle
 
Earl of Lincoln

1989–2001
Succeeded by
Robert Fiennes-Clinton,
19th Earl of Lincoln